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Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America
 

Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America

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Lunch Plenary: Geoff Anderson, Executive Director, Smart Growth America

Lunch Plenary: Geoff Anderson, Executive Director, Smart Growth America

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    Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America Presentation Transcript

    • Regional Redevelopment Summit Geoff Anderson Smart Growth America March 7, 2008
    • Changes in Washington • Rise of Issues Significant for Redevelopment – Climate – Transportation – Infrastructure – Foreclosure – Economic Stimulus – Energy • Change in Administration, Changes in Congress
    • Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change Smart Growth America, The Urban Land Institute
    • Transportation Greenhouse Gases: Three Legs of a Stool Vehicle Efficiency (mpg) Fuel Greenhouse Gas content (Fuel GHG) Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) Need progress on all three, but climate policy discussions have ignored VMT
    • US VMT Growth Projected to Outpace Vehicle & Fuel Improvements 170% 160% VMT 150% CO2 140% 2005 = 100% 130% 120% MPG 110% 100% Fuel GHG 90% 80% 1990 CO2 70% 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Source: EIA AEO 2007
    • Senate CAFE (35 mpg) + CA Fuel Standards (- 10%): 40% above 1990 Levels in 2030 170% VMT 160% 150% 140% 2005 = 100% 130% MPG 120% 110% CO2 100% Fuel GHG 90% 80% 1990 CO2 70% 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Sources: VM T: EIA wit h 10%rebound M PG: US Senat e, Fuels: CARB
    • The 3 Questions Answered in Growing Cooler • What reduction in vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) is possible in the United States with compact development rather than continuing urban sprawl? • What reduction in CO2 emissions will accompany such a reduction in VMT? • What policy changes will be required to shift the dominant land development pattern from sprawl to compact development? – Does the U.S. want compact development?
    • Four Literatures – Core of ULI Book • Aggregate travel studies • Disaggregate travel studies • Regional simulation studies • Project simulation studies
    • 25% Less VMT with Compact Development 30 27 Avg. Daily Vehicle Miles Traveled per Capita 25 21 20 15 10 5 0 Ten Most Compact Metros Ten Least Sprawling Metros
    • Atlantic Station vs. Henry County
    • Regional Accessibility Accounts for Savings of 1/3 VMT 600,000 Cobb/Fulton Henry County 500,000 Sandy Springs 400,000 Atlantic Daily VMT Station 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 1
    • 20-40% VMT Reduction for Each Increment of Compact Development
    • 7-10% Reduction in Total CO2 Emissions in 2050 Only Land Development Effects Only Transportation Sector And Essentially Permanent
    • What Growing Cooler Does Not Include: Revitalization • According to NTHP: – a 50,000 sq ft office building= 640,000 gals of gas – Bldg new is like driving 2.8 million miles – New EE bldg takes 65 yrs to break even
    • Transportation • Interstate Era (1956) --- things start to get bumpy, especially for cities and the poor – Boston, Portland, New Orleans • ISTEA (1991) – bringing in other modes, clean air, and planning • TEA-21/SAFETEA-LU (1998, 2005) – stay the course, • 2009 - $286 billion and what have we got?
    • What if… • $286 Billion was directed towards: – Reinvesting in existing communities and maintaining our past investments – Redeveloping and revitalizing communities because these activities are both a transportation and a climate solution – Giving metro areas a fair share – Bringing balance to transportation systems within existing communities so that biking, walking and public transportation are attractive options rather than the last resort. • Transportation would become an engine for Redevelopment rather than an engine of disinvestment
    • What’s different this time? • Transportation Fiscal Crisis Actually, A Lot – Robbing from Peter (transit) to pay Paul (hwy) – Recession and stimulus – Crisis in the states • Political change in leadership – House and Senate dynamics – In the White House and at US DOT • Trends and Voices for Change – More at stake: economy, climate, population growth and demographic changes, energy costs • Agreement that it’s broke
    • A National Wake-Up Call – Safety and security – Energy security and oil dependency – Growing traffic congestion – Rising energy costs – Global climate change crisis
    • Affordability: Where the Rubber Meets the Road
    • Evidence of Change Transportation Ballot Measures 2006 - 2007 Statewide Local Measure(s) Source: Center for Transportation Statewide & Local Measures Excellence Almost 70% of State & Local Transportation Measures Approved
    • Taking ait to the Streets Over 18000 schools now have Safe Routes to School program. 43 states are making investments to support these programs. Source: Thunderbird Alliance
    • Local Climate for Change Cities that have Signed USCM Climate Protection Agreement States with Climate Action Plans Source: Pew Center for Climate Change (state map), US Conference of Mayors (cities map)
    • How Do We Make the Most of the Opportunities?
    • Articulating a Vision: Greensboro, NC-- Southside Neighborhood Annual tax base in this area went from $400K before redevelopment (1995) to over $10 million after redevelopment (2003). Southside benefited from a general downtown renaissance, but also helped to give momentum to that turnaround.
    • Articulating a Vision • Clear contrasts between building styles
    • Doing the Analysis More networking • Arterial spacing < 1 mile (fewer lanes per street?)
    • Development Patterns affect Quality of Life • Public is beginning to link development patterns to quality of life • Different patterns of development may help save on school transportation costs
    • Explanation of Existing Conditions Low Density Development Single use district Above ground utilities No parking in rear Narrow Auto-oriented Sidewalks development WIDE STREETS Source: www.urban-advantage.co
    • Development Techniques to Fix It Street Trees High Density Development Below- ground utilities Pedestrian-friendly area Mixed-Use (Residential and Commercial) TOD District Median for light rail Bike Lanes Source: www.urban-advantage.co
    • Outreach & Education
    • …And Still More Outreach
    • National Vacant Properties Conference • Educational Forum attended by 600 people
    • Privacy in front, zero- step entry at rear
    • Taking Stock • Our issues now frame the debate in many parts of the country. • There is a coherent message and a well articulated set of design and policy techniques. • A great deal of public education has occurred. • An increasing # of example projects on the ground. • An increasing # policy examples “on the ground.”
    • Taking Stock (cont.) • There is increasing acceptance in the private sector. • There is wide agreement that the market for SG is at least 1/3 and likely to rise. • We can count a number of relatively new supporters: health advocates, environmental groups, alt transportation advocates, local leaders, developers, architects, housing organizations, realtors, state level groups, and others.
    • But…Are We Prepared for Our Success? • As a result of our work, and macro-trends which puts the wind at our back, big opportunities exist now that didn’t ten years ago. • We need to do a different kind of work to take advantage of them. • We need to create, and focus political will on a specific change agenda.
    • We Need to Create, and Focus Political Will on a Specific Change Agenda.
    • Concern • Health Impact Assessments • New Rehab Rules • Reform Transportation and Parking Rules • Brownfield Tax Credits • Change State Investment Patterns • Stream Buffers • Affordable Housing Fund
    • Outreach & Education
    • …And Still More Outreach
    • National Vacant Properties Conference • Educational Forum attended by 600 people
    • Another Concern • Health Impact Assessments • New Rehab Rules • Reform Transportation and Parking Rules • Brownfield Tax Credits • Change State Investment Patterns • Stream Buffers • Affordable Housing Fund • Green Jobs and Green Buildings
    • New Transit
    • Exporting OR’s Measure 37 • Kelo-Plus strategy • “Capitalize on the tremendous public and political momentum generated in the aftermath of the Kelo ruling…”
    • Takings Initiatives States
    • Transportation for America; for its people, communities, environment and economies
    • T4America Making Transportation Work for the America in the 21st Century • Launching a new national reform campaign • Goal of Re-energizing, Re-building, Re- engaging the Progressive Transportation Advocacy Movement to Influence Federal Policy • Build and support state and local efforts
    • Inform the Debate • 2008 – let the games begin – Recommendations from Federal Study commissions – Bankruptcy of Highway Trust Fund – Administration position revealed – Congressional Hearings and Action – Presidential and Congressional Elections • 2009 – new leadership – SAFETEA-LU Bill expires – New Congress and New Administration
    • What is success? • Re-envision purpose and outcomes: – The role of transportation investments is to reduce our nation’s dependency on oil, to lower household transportation costs, to provide mobility options to all, to reduce our carbon footprint VS. just reduce congestion • Double transit ridership, • Reduce VMT growth by 50%, • Restructure and empower metropolitan decision making, • Create a national intermodal program for large scale investments, • Explicitly allow transportation funding for land use and community development programs
    • Make Our Voices Heard The system is broken, and broke • Reform from below: strengthen and support state, local, and metro efforts • Reform from above: – At the Congressional level: Identify and grow our allies, legislative proposals, and messengers – New Administration: Full plate – will transportation reform be on it? • Reform from within: draw connections
    • Where we want to be tomorrow • Engage with you to make reform a reality; in your communities, states, and in Congress T4America.org
    • Thank You Geoffrey Anderson ganderson@smartgrowthamerica.org www.smartgrowthamerica.org