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Regional
Redevelopment
Summit




                Geoff Anderson
                Smart Growth America
                Marc...
Changes in Washington
• Rise of Issues Significant for Redevelopment
   –   Climate
   –   Transportation
   –   Infrastru...
Growing Cooler:
The Evidence on Urban Development and
           Climate Change

    Smart Growth America, The Urban Land ...
Transportation Greenhouse Gases:
      Three Legs of a Stool
Vehicle Efficiency (mpg)

Fuel Greenhouse Gas content (Fuel G...
US VMT Growth Projected to Outpace
    Vehicle & Fuel Improvements
              170%
              160%                  ...
Senate CAFE (35 mpg) + CA Fuel Standards (-
    10%): 40% above 1990 Levels in 2030

              170%
                  ...
The 3 Questions Answered in
          Growing Cooler
•   What reduction in vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) is
    possible in...
Four Literatures – Core of ULI
              Book
• Aggregate travel studies

• Disaggregate travel studies

• Regional si...
25% Less VMT with Compact
       Development
                                                  30
                        ...
Atlantic Station vs. Henry County
Regional Accessibility Accounts
   for Savings of 1/3 VMT
                 600,000

                                      ...
20-40% VMT Reduction for Each
     Increment of Compact
         Development
7-10% Reduction in Total CO2
     Emissions in 2050
    Only Land Development Effects
      Only Transportation Sector
   ...
What Growing Cooler
     Does Not Include: Revitalization
• According to NTHP:
  – a 50,000 sq ft office
    building= 640...
Transportation
• Interstate Era (1956) --- things start to get
  bumpy, especially for cities and the poor
   – Boston, Po...
What if…
• $286 Billion was directed towards:
   – Reinvesting in existing communities and maintaining our
     past inves...
What’s different this time?
• Transportation Fiscal Crisis                  Actually, A Lot
   – Robbing from Peter (trans...
A National Wake-Up Call




  –   Safety and security
  –   Energy security and oil dependency
  –   Growing traffic conge...
Affordability: Where the Rubber Meets the Road
Evidence of Change
                                         Transportation Ballot Measures
                               ...
Taking ait to the Streets
Over 18000 schools now have Safe
Routes to School program. 43 states are
making investments to s...
Local Climate for Change

                                    Cities that have Signed USCM
                               ...
How Do We Make the Most of
    the Opportunities?
Articulating a Vision: Greensboro, NC--
           Southside Neighborhood
Annual tax base in this area went from
$400K bef...
Articulating a Vision
           • Clear contrasts
             between building
             styles
Doing the Analysis


  More networking




• Arterial spacing < 1 mile (fewer lanes per
  street?)
Development Patterns affect
Quality of Life
• Public is beginning to link development patterns to
  quality of life
      ...
Explanation of Existing Conditions


                 Low Density Development
                                            ...
Development Techniques to Fix It


                     Street Trees
      High Density
      Development


              ...
Outreach & Education
…And Still More Outreach
National Vacant Properties
       Conference
             • Educational Forum
               attended by 600
             ...
Privacy in front, zero-
     step entry at rear
Taking Stock
•   Our issues now frame the debate
    in many parts of the country.

•   There is a coherent message and a
...
Taking Stock (cont.)
•   There is increasing acceptance
    in the private sector.

•   There is wide agreement that
    t...
But…Are We Prepared for Our
         Success?
• As a result of our work, and macro-trends which
  puts the wind at our bac...
We Need to Create, and Focus
 Political Will on a Specific
       Change Agenda.
Concern
•   Health Impact Assessments
•   New Rehab Rules
•   Reform Transportation and Parking Rules
•   Brownfield Tax C...
Outreach & Education
…And Still More Outreach
National Vacant Properties
       Conference
             • Educational Forum
               attended by 600
             ...
Another Concern
•   Health Impact Assessments
•   New Rehab Rules
•   Reform Transportation and Parking Rules
•   Brownfie...
New Transit
Exporting OR’s Measure 37

• Kelo-Plus strategy

• “Capitalize on the
  tremendous public and
  political momentum
  gener...
Takings Initiatives States
Transportation for America; for its people,
communities, environment and economies
T4America
  Making Transportation Work for the America in the 21st Century

• Launching a new national reform campaign
• G...
Inform the Debate
• 2008 – let the games begin
  – Recommendations from Federal Study commissions

  – Bankruptcy of Highw...
What is success?
• Re-envision purpose and outcomes:
   – The role of transportation investments is to reduce our nation’s...
Make Our Voices Heard
                 The system is broken, and broke

• Reform from below: strengthen and support state,...
Where we want to be tomorrow
• Engage with you to make reform a reality; in your
  communities, states, and in Congress


...
Thank You

        Geoffrey Anderson
ganderson@smartgrowthamerica.org
   www.smartgrowthamerica.org
Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America
Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America
Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America
Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America
Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America
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Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America

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Lunch Plenary: Geoff Anderson, Executive Director, Smart Growth America

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Transcript of "Geoff Anderson, Smart Growth America"

  1. 1. Regional Redevelopment Summit Geoff Anderson Smart Growth America March 7, 2008
  2. 2. Changes in Washington • Rise of Issues Significant for Redevelopment – Climate – Transportation – Infrastructure – Foreclosure – Economic Stimulus – Energy • Change in Administration, Changes in Congress
  3. 3. Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change Smart Growth America, The Urban Land Institute
  4. 4. Transportation Greenhouse Gases: Three Legs of a Stool Vehicle Efficiency (mpg) Fuel Greenhouse Gas content (Fuel GHG) Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) Need progress on all three, but climate policy discussions have ignored VMT
  5. 5. US VMT Growth Projected to Outpace Vehicle & Fuel Improvements 170% 160% VMT 150% CO2 140% 2005 = 100% 130% 120% MPG 110% 100% Fuel GHG 90% 80% 1990 CO2 70% 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Source: EIA AEO 2007
  6. 6. Senate CAFE (35 mpg) + CA Fuel Standards (- 10%): 40% above 1990 Levels in 2030 170% VMT 160% 150% 140% 2005 = 100% 130% MPG 120% 110% CO2 100% Fuel GHG 90% 80% 1990 CO2 70% 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Sources: VM T: EIA wit h 10%rebound M PG: US Senat e, Fuels: CARB
  7. 7. The 3 Questions Answered in Growing Cooler • What reduction in vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) is possible in the United States with compact development rather than continuing urban sprawl? • What reduction in CO2 emissions will accompany such a reduction in VMT? • What policy changes will be required to shift the dominant land development pattern from sprawl to compact development? – Does the U.S. want compact development?
  8. 8. Four Literatures – Core of ULI Book • Aggregate travel studies • Disaggregate travel studies • Regional simulation studies • Project simulation studies
  9. 9. 25% Less VMT with Compact Development 30 27 Avg. Daily Vehicle Miles Traveled per Capita 25 21 20 15 10 5 0 Ten Most Compact Metros Ten Least Sprawling Metros
  10. 10. Atlantic Station vs. Henry County
  11. 11. Regional Accessibility Accounts for Savings of 1/3 VMT 600,000 Cobb/Fulton Henry County 500,000 Sandy Springs 400,000 Atlantic Daily VMT Station 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 1
  12. 12. 20-40% VMT Reduction for Each Increment of Compact Development
  13. 13. 7-10% Reduction in Total CO2 Emissions in 2050 Only Land Development Effects Only Transportation Sector And Essentially Permanent
  14. 14. What Growing Cooler Does Not Include: Revitalization • According to NTHP: – a 50,000 sq ft office building= 640,000 gals of gas – Bldg new is like driving 2.8 million miles – New EE bldg takes 65 yrs to break even
  15. 15. Transportation • Interstate Era (1956) --- things start to get bumpy, especially for cities and the poor – Boston, Portland, New Orleans • ISTEA (1991) – bringing in other modes, clean air, and planning • TEA-21/SAFETEA-LU (1998, 2005) – stay the course, • 2009 - $286 billion and what have we got?
  16. 16. What if… • $286 Billion was directed towards: – Reinvesting in existing communities and maintaining our past investments – Redeveloping and revitalizing communities because these activities are both a transportation and a climate solution – Giving metro areas a fair share – Bringing balance to transportation systems within existing communities so that biking, walking and public transportation are attractive options rather than the last resort. • Transportation would become an engine for Redevelopment rather than an engine of disinvestment
  17. 17. What’s different this time? • Transportation Fiscal Crisis Actually, A Lot – Robbing from Peter (transit) to pay Paul (hwy) – Recession and stimulus – Crisis in the states • Political change in leadership – House and Senate dynamics – In the White House and at US DOT • Trends and Voices for Change – More at stake: economy, climate, population growth and demographic changes, energy costs • Agreement that it’s broke
  18. 18. A National Wake-Up Call – Safety and security – Energy security and oil dependency – Growing traffic congestion – Rising energy costs – Global climate change crisis
  19. 19. Affordability: Where the Rubber Meets the Road
  20. 20. Evidence of Change Transportation Ballot Measures 2006 - 2007 Statewide Local Measure(s) Source: Center for Transportation Statewide & Local Measures Excellence Almost 70% of State & Local Transportation Measures Approved
  21. 21. Taking ait to the Streets Over 18000 schools now have Safe Routes to School program. 43 states are making investments to support these programs. Source: Thunderbird Alliance
  22. 22. Local Climate for Change Cities that have Signed USCM Climate Protection Agreement States with Climate Action Plans Source: Pew Center for Climate Change (state map), US Conference of Mayors (cities map)
  23. 23. How Do We Make the Most of the Opportunities?
  24. 24. Articulating a Vision: Greensboro, NC-- Southside Neighborhood Annual tax base in this area went from $400K before redevelopment (1995) to over $10 million after redevelopment (2003). Southside benefited from a general downtown renaissance, but also helped to give momentum to that turnaround.
  25. 25. Articulating a Vision • Clear contrasts between building styles
  26. 26. Doing the Analysis More networking • Arterial spacing < 1 mile (fewer lanes per street?)
  27. 27. Development Patterns affect Quality of Life • Public is beginning to link development patterns to quality of life • Different patterns of development may help save on school transportation costs
  28. 28. Explanation of Existing Conditions Low Density Development Single use district Above ground utilities No parking in rear Narrow Auto-oriented Sidewalks development WIDE STREETS Source: www.urban-advantage.co
  29. 29. Development Techniques to Fix It Street Trees High Density Development Below- ground utilities Pedestrian-friendly area Mixed-Use (Residential and Commercial) TOD District Median for light rail Bike Lanes Source: www.urban-advantage.co
  30. 30. Outreach & Education
  31. 31. …And Still More Outreach
  32. 32. National Vacant Properties Conference • Educational Forum attended by 600 people
  33. 33. Privacy in front, zero- step entry at rear
  34. 34. Taking Stock • Our issues now frame the debate in many parts of the country. • There is a coherent message and a well articulated set of design and policy techniques. • A great deal of public education has occurred. • An increasing # of example projects on the ground. • An increasing # policy examples “on the ground.”
  35. 35. Taking Stock (cont.) • There is increasing acceptance in the private sector. • There is wide agreement that the market for SG is at least 1/3 and likely to rise. • We can count a number of relatively new supporters: health advocates, environmental groups, alt transportation advocates, local leaders, developers, architects, housing organizations, realtors, state level groups, and others.
  36. 36. But…Are We Prepared for Our Success? • As a result of our work, and macro-trends which puts the wind at our back, big opportunities exist now that didn’t ten years ago. • We need to do a different kind of work to take advantage of them. • We need to create, and focus political will on a specific change agenda.
  37. 37. We Need to Create, and Focus Political Will on a Specific Change Agenda.
  38. 38. Concern • Health Impact Assessments • New Rehab Rules • Reform Transportation and Parking Rules • Brownfield Tax Credits • Change State Investment Patterns • Stream Buffers • Affordable Housing Fund
  39. 39. Outreach & Education
  40. 40. …And Still More Outreach
  41. 41. National Vacant Properties Conference • Educational Forum attended by 600 people
  42. 42. Another Concern • Health Impact Assessments • New Rehab Rules • Reform Transportation and Parking Rules • Brownfield Tax Credits • Change State Investment Patterns • Stream Buffers • Affordable Housing Fund • Green Jobs and Green Buildings
  43. 43. New Transit
  44. 44. Exporting OR’s Measure 37 • Kelo-Plus strategy • “Capitalize on the tremendous public and political momentum generated in the aftermath of the Kelo ruling…”
  45. 45. Takings Initiatives States
  46. 46. Transportation for America; for its people, communities, environment and economies
  47. 47. T4America Making Transportation Work for the America in the 21st Century • Launching a new national reform campaign • Goal of Re-energizing, Re-building, Re- engaging the Progressive Transportation Advocacy Movement to Influence Federal Policy • Build and support state and local efforts
  48. 48. Inform the Debate • 2008 – let the games begin – Recommendations from Federal Study commissions – Bankruptcy of Highway Trust Fund – Administration position revealed – Congressional Hearings and Action – Presidential and Congressional Elections • 2009 – new leadership – SAFETEA-LU Bill expires – New Congress and New Administration
  49. 49. What is success? • Re-envision purpose and outcomes: – The role of transportation investments is to reduce our nation’s dependency on oil, to lower household transportation costs, to provide mobility options to all, to reduce our carbon footprint VS. just reduce congestion • Double transit ridership, • Reduce VMT growth by 50%, • Restructure and empower metropolitan decision making, • Create a national intermodal program for large scale investments, • Explicitly allow transportation funding for land use and community development programs
  50. 50. Make Our Voices Heard The system is broken, and broke • Reform from below: strengthen and support state, local, and metro efforts • Reform from above: – At the Congressional level: Identify and grow our allies, legislative proposals, and messengers – New Administration: Full plate – will transportation reform be on it? • Reform from within: draw connections
  51. 51. Where we want to be tomorrow • Engage with you to make reform a reality; in your communities, states, and in Congress T4America.org
  52. 52. Thank You Geoffrey Anderson ganderson@smartgrowthamerica.org www.smartgrowthamerica.org
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