Philippine literature under US colonization


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Philippine literature under US colonization

  1. 1. PHILIPPINE LITERATURE Literature During U.S. Colonization By: Lumahod, Arcelyn S.
  2. 2. NOTABLE WORKS • Sarsuwela • Footnote To Youth • How my brother Leon brought home a wife? • Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas • Wanted: Chaperon
  3. 3. SARSUWELA • It is a play with singing and dancing • Also known as “zarzuela” • Dulang inawitan o dulang hinunihan
  4. 4. FOOTNOTE TO YOUTH • A short story • A story of a boy who was only 17 years old when he decides to marry his loved one.
  5. 5. HOW MY BROTHER LEON BROUGHT HOME A WIFE • A story written by Manuel Arguilla about a man who comes home to his province to introduce his wife from the city to his family.
  6. 6. KAHAPON, NGAYON AT BUKAS • A drama symbolic in three acts written by Aurelio Tolentino in 1903. • First staged at the “Teatro Libertad” in Manila on May 15, 1903. • Considered as Tolentino’s most significant contribution to Filipino drama and most seditious drama of the era.
  7. 7. WANTED: CHAPERON • A play in one act, written and directed by Wilfredo Ma. Guerrero. • Jose Villa Panganiban translated it as “Kailangan Isang Tsaperon” • This household comedy tells about conflicts among a rich couple and their children because of their opposing views on behavior and on family norms.
  8. 8. NOTABLE AUTHORS • Severino Reyes • Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero • Fernando Ma. Guerrero • Cecilio Apostol • Jose Corazon de Jesus • Benigno R. Ramos
  9. 9. NOTABLE AUTHORS • Patricio Mariano • Carlos Bulosan • Faustino Aguilar • Manuel Arguilla • Marcel Navarra • Magdalena Jatandoni
  10. 10. DRAMATIST • Severino Reyes • Was a Filipino writer, playwright and director of plays • He used the pen name “Lola Basyang.” • He was nicknamed “Don Binoy.” • Reyes is known as the “Father of Tagalog Plays” and as the father of the tagalog “zarzuela” • Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero • Was born in Ermita, Manila • He has extensively observed the theater and drama school
  11. 11. POETRY • Fernando Ma. Guerrero • An author of “Crisalidas” (1914) and “To Spain” • He was a Filipino politician, journalist, lawyer and polyglot who became a significant figure during the Philippine golden period of Spanish literature. • Cecilio Apostol • His poems were once used to teach Spanish language under the Republic Act No. 1881 • He was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila • Works: “Pentilicas” and “Crisalidad” • Poetry collections representing Spanish writings at its liveliest
  12. 12. POETRY • Jose Corazon de Jesus • Also known as “Huseng Batute” • Is one of the greatest Philippine poets and is acknowledged as the “King of Balagtasan” • Works: “Mga Gintong Dahon” and “Sa Dakong Silangan” • Benigno R. Ramos • Was an advocate for the independence of the Philippine from the United States who collaborated with Japan • Ramos was also noted as a writer of poetry with a collection: “Mga Agam-agam” and other poems due for publication
  13. 13. NOVELIST • Patricio Mariano • Was a Filipino nationalist, revolutionary, pundit, novelist and short story writer. • He was a katipunero member and the son of Petronilo Mariano and Dionisia Geronimo • Works: Anak ng Dagat, Ang Mga Anak ng Dalita, Ang Tala sa Panghulo • Carlos Bulosan • Was an English language Filipino novelist and poet who spent most of his life in the United States • His best known work was the “America is in the Heart”
  14. 14. NOVELIST • Faustino Aguilar • Was a Filipino novelist, journalist and the editor of the periodical “Taliba” • He wrote novels in the social realist vein, including Busabos ng Palad, Sa Ngalan ng Dios, and Ang Patawad ng Patay • He was also a member of the “Katipunan”
  15. 15. SHORT STORY • Marcel Navarra • Known as the “The Father of Modern Cebuano Literature” • Born in Tuyom, Carcar • He spent most of his life writing almost 80 short stories which were published in Cebuano magazines • Works: At Ako’y Inanod, Tungod sa Kayagang, Si Zosimo • Manuel Arguilla • Is an acclaimed short story writer as well as a patriot and a guerilla hero • He is known for his widely anthologize short story, “How my brother brought home a wife” • His other works are “Midsummer”, “Heat” and “A Son Is Born”
  16. 16. SHORT STORY • Magdalena Jalandoni • Was a Filipino feminist writer • She is now remembered as one of the most prolific writers in the Hiligaynon language, from Western Visayas • Her works are said to have left permanent a significant milestone in Philippine literature • Works: Si Anabella, Sa Kapaang Sang Inaway (“In the Heat of War”), Ang Dalaga sa Tindahan
  17. 17. SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS • The introduction of free public instruction for all children of school age. • The use of English as medium of instruction in all levels of education in public school.
  18. 18. FREE PUBLIC • Education made knowledge and information accessible to a greater number of Filipinos • The use of English as medium of instruction introduced past Filipinos to Anglo-American modes of thought, culture, and life ways that would be embedded not only in literature produced but also in the psyche of the countries educated class.