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Crop production&magement
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Crop production&magement


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  • 1. 06/28/13 1
  • 2. Crop production And Managements 06/28/13 2
  • 3. Agriculture Practices 06/28/13 3 1) When plants of the same kind are grown and cultivated at one place on a large scale, it is called a crop. 2) There are two types of crops-: i. Kharif crops: The crops which are sown in the rainy seasons are called kharif crops. Some examples paddy, maize, soyabean etc. ii. Rabi crops: The crops grown in the winter season are called rabi crops. Some examples wheat, gram, pea etc.
  • 4. Growth of a plant flower 06/28/13 4
  • 5. Basic Practices of crop Production i. Preparation of soil ii. Sowing iii. Adding manure and fertilisers iv. Irrigation v. Protecting from weeds vi. Harvesting vii. Storage 06/28/13 5
  • 6. i. Preparation of soil 1. It is the first step before growing a crop. 2. One of the most important task in agriculture is to turn the soil and loosen it. 3. This allows the roots to penetrate deep into the soil. 06/28/13 6
  • 7. ii. Sowing 1.Sowing is the most important part of crop production. 2.Before sowing good quality seeds are selected. 3.Good quality seeds are clean and healthy seeds of a good variety. 06/28/13 7
  • 8. iii. Adding manure & fertilisers 1.The substances which are added to the soil in the form of nutrients for the healthy growth of plants are called manure and fertilisers. 2.Soil supplies mineral nutrients to the crop. 3.These nutrients are essential for the growth of plants. 06/28/13 8
  • 9. iv. Irrigation 1.The supply of water to crops at different intervals is called irrigation. 2.The time and frequency of irrigation varies from crop to crop, soil to soil and season to season. 3.In summer, the frequency of watering is higher. 06/28/13 9
  • 10. v. Protecting from weeds 1.In fields many other undesirable plants may grow naturally along with the crop. These undesirable plants are called weeds. 2.The removal of weeds is called weeding. 3.Weeds are also controlled by using certain chemicals, called weedicide. 06/28/13 10
  • 11. vi. Harvesting 1.Harvesting of crop is an important task. 2.The cutting of crop after it is mature is called harvesting. 3.Harvesting in our country is either done manually by sickle or by a machine called harvester. 06/28/13 11
  • 12. vii. Storage 1.Proper storage of grains is necessary to protect them from pests and microorganisms. 2.Large scale storage of grains is done in silos and granaries. 3.Dried neem leaves are used for storing food grain at home. 06/28/13 12
  • 13. Fertiliser Manure A fertiliser is an organic salt. A fertiliser is prepared in factories. A fertiliser does not provide any humus to the soil. Fertilisers are very rich in plant nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Manure is a natural substance obtained by the decomposition of cattle dung, human waste and plant residues. Manure can be prepared in the fields. Manure provides a lot of humus to the soil. Manure is relatively less rich in plant nutrients. 06/28/13 13
  • 14. Agricultural implements 06/28/13 14
  • 15. Traditional methods of irrigation 06/28/13 15
  • 16. Modern methods of irrigation 06/28/13 16