Financial planning


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Financial planning

  2. 2. What is Financial Planning ? <ul><li>Financial planning is the process of successfully meeting financial needs of life through the proper management of finances. </li></ul><ul><li>It is your roadmap to Financial Health, & Sustainable Wealth creation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why you need Financial Planning? <ul><li>Life without Financial planning is like Unplanned Vacation. </li></ul><ul><li>If you wish to achieve your financial goals successfully & peacefully you must plan your financial life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Problems of Random investment <ul><li>Wrong selection – flavor of the month. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrong timing – mostly near top. </li></ul><ul><li>Short term investment. </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate investment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who needs Financial Planning? <ul><li>Whatever may be level of your income or assets , you need financial planning. </li></ul><ul><li>It is myth that only rich people need financial planning. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to do Financial Planning? <ul><li>By scientific Asset Allocation . </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is Asset Allocation? <ul><li>Investing predefined percentage of your savings in different Asset classes. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why Asset Allocation so important? <ul><li>Diversification. </li></ul><ul><li>Thumb rule No. 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Never put all your eggs in one basket . </li></ul><ul><li>Different asset classes give better return for specific time duration. </li></ul><ul><li>94% of portfolio return will depend on Asset allocation only. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Significance of Asset Allocation Significance Relative to Return <ul><li>Brinson, Hood and Beebower : Determinants of Portfolio Performance , 1986, 1991: “Asset Allocation helps explain over 93% of a portfolio’s performanc e”. </li></ul>Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  10. 10. Financial Planning and Asset Allocation Asset Classes to Invest Mutual Funds Art Insurance Commodities Real Estate Equity Debt Gold Financial Planning
  11. 11. How to do Asset Allocation <ul><li>Determine the C urrent financial situation. </li></ul><ul><li>What you wish to achieve? </li></ul><ul><li>Your Financial Goals. </li></ul><ul><li>How much risk you wish to take? </li></ul><ul><li>Your Risk Profile. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Step 1 – Current Status <ul><li>Find out Net saving available for Investment. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth accumulated till today. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Step 2 – Goal Setting <ul><li>What is your intention of investment? </li></ul><ul><li>Simply put, How much money you need? & When you need the money? (Time horizon) </li></ul><ul><li>Specific financial goals are vital to financial planning. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Financial Goals - Examples <ul><li>Mandatory Goals:- </li></ul><ul><li>Children education </li></ul><ul><li>Children marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement Planning. Pension. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase of residential premises. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase of vehicle. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Optional Goals:- <ul><li>Up gradation of Residence. </li></ul><ul><li>Luxury Car. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase of Luxury items at Home. </li></ul><ul><li>Vacation Abroad. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth creation – Crorepati, Billionaire. </li></ul><ul><li>Charity – Religious or Social. </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance – Estate planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Early Retirement - Financial freedom . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Goal setting <ul><li>Specify amount required & approximate time period when money required. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Short term Goals 1-2 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium term goals 3-5 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Long term goals 5-10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Distant goals > 15-20 years. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Risk Profile <ul><li>Two types of Risk in any investment. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of Purchasing power loss. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of Capital loss. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong correlation between risk & reward. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of financial planning is to get maximum return with minimum risk. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Risk Profile <ul><li>Financial Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Income status, more important Net Saving status. </li></ul><ul><li>Age :- Younger the age higher is risk taking capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>Dependents in family. </li></ul><ul><li>Liabilities, Loans taken. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Risk Profile <ul><li>Mental capacity – Temperament . </li></ul><ul><li>How will you react to temporary fall in value of your investment? </li></ul><ul><li>Risk averse , Conservative. </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate risk taking personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive investor. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Risk Profile <ul><li>Technical Knowledge . </li></ul><ul><li>Even if financial & mental capacity strong, technical knowledge required to invest in Shares, Art – Painting, Real Estate. </li></ul><ul><li>Either take professional help or take Mutual Fund route. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Do & Don'ts <ul><li>Don’t buy on tips, impulse or under influence of ‘left behind’ feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t chase last year topper </li></ul><ul><li>Stick to your asset allocation. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic aim of Financial planning is to get sufficient fund at specific time for defined financial goal, not to get Super high return . </li></ul>
  22. 22. FINANCIAL PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE ……... Financial Planning and Asset Allocation Birth & Education Earning Years Retirement 35 yrs 25 yrs Over 25 - 30 yrs Housing Child’s Education Child’s Marriage Phase I Dependant Phase Phase III Distribution Phase Phase II Accumulation phase Income Age Marriage Children 22 yrs 60 yrs Age
  23. 23. Type of Assets <ul><li>(1) Liquid Assets – Cash, Savings ac, Floating rate mutual fund. Ideal for short term goals. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Income generating Assets – Bank F.D.,PPF, NSC, Bonds. Ideal for medium term goal. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Capital appreciation Assets – Equity- Shares, Real Estate, Gold, Art. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for long term goal. </li></ul>
  24. 24. FEW EXAMPLES OF ASSET ALLOCATIONS Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  25. 25. INVESTOR PROFILE Mona, Joydeep ( Age 28 years ) <ul><li>Financial Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Planning to purchase a house in the next 5 - 8 years </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for family in 2 years time. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating long-term wealth for retirement </li></ul>Investment Strategy Stocks 75% Short-term 10% Aggressive Growth Portfolio Bonds 15% Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  26. 26. INVESTOR PROFILE Sheela, Shekhar ( Age 37 years ) and two kids <ul><li>Financial Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Has a housing loan </li></ul><ul><li>Providing for children education (7-10 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for child’s wedding </li></ul><ul><li>(15 - 20 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of old parents </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for retirement </li></ul>Investment Strategy Balanced Portfolio Stocks 60% Short-term 15% Bonds 25% Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  27. 27. INVESTOR PROFILE Maura & Akash Chaudary Financial Goals Retired Regular Income Medical Costs Investment Strategy Conservative Portfolio Stocks 15% Bank Deposits 40% Bonds 45% Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  28. 28. Tips for asset allocation <ul><li>Thumb rule 2 </li></ul><ul><li>100-Age in years = Maximum % allocation to Equity. </li></ul><ul><li>Equity will give highest return in long run but </li></ul><ul><li>Equity is very risky product for < 2 years horizon. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of capital loss in Equity investment almost zero if invested for > 5 years but as high as 30% in 3 months. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Emergency Kit <ul><li>Before planning new investment, it is very important to prepare emergency kit to Protect your Current financial status. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance is first & vital step in any financial planning. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Insurance <ul><li>Aim – Financial Compensation for any unexpected loss. Cover the Risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Risks . Loss of income. </li></ul><ul><li>Property Risks . Damage to property. </li></ul><ul><li>Liability Risks . Losses due to damage to others. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Life Insurance - Basic <ul><li>Aim – Financial protection to your dependents in case of your premature death. Life of earning member of family, ONLY , should be insured. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance should be taken for financial risk protection only NOT for Investment or Tax planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance is very bad investment product . </li></ul>
  32. 32. Which type of Policy? <ul><li>Term Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>It is purest form of insurance & so best. Most of us need only this insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>Whole life policy . </li></ul><ul><li>Pension Schemes . </li></ul><ul><li>Do not buy Endowment, Money back, Capital protection plan, Children plan or U nit Li nked P lans ULIP. </li></ul><ul><li>Best option is Term Insurance + PPF / ELSS scheme of mutual fund. </li></ul>
  33. 33. How much? <ul><li>Income based calculation. </li></ul><ul><li>10 times your annual gross income. </li></ul><ul><li>Need based calculation. </li></ul><ul><li>200*Monthly home expense + Loan taken + Pending Financial goals </li></ul><ul><li>- Current value of your financial assets (excluding your residential premises). </li></ul><ul><li>You must take Term insurance = Loan taken. </li></ul>
  34. 34. General Insurance policies <ul><li>Personal Risk protection </li></ul><ul><li>(1 ) Accident Insurance . </li></ul><ul><li>Pays sum assured on accidental death + pays income loss due to Partial or permanent disability due to accident. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Mediclaim Insurance . </li></ul><ul><li>ICICI Lombard has family Mediclaim policy. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Critical illness Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Available as rider with life insurance. </li></ul>
  35. 35. General Insurance cont. <ul><li>Property risk insurance . </li></ul><ul><li>(1 ) Business assets . </li></ul><ul><li>Damage may be due to Natural calamities, fire, theft. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive cover. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Personal assets – Householder Policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance against damage to Residential Property. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Liability Insurance <ul><li>Professional Indemnity insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>Third party insurance for Vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>Term insurance equal to loan amount. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Cash Flow Management <ul><li>Income – Business Expense </li></ul><ul><li>= Take home cash. </li></ul><ul><li>Take Home Cash – Home expense </li></ul><ul><li>- Taxation </li></ul><ul><li>- Interest & Installment payments on loan taken </li></ul><ul><li>= Saving ( cash available for investment) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Cash Management, Options <ul><li>(1) Investment in Income generating assets. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Investment in Expense generating assets ( ? Liabilities). </li></ul>
  39. 39. Income Generating Assets <ul><li>Regular Income in form of Interest , Dividend , or Rent . </li></ul><ul><li>Capital Gain from investment . </li></ul><ul><li>This additional or Alternate income will supplement your business income, increase cash available for investment & when it crosses your professional income you will achieve financial freedom. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Expense generating Investment <ul><li>Residential home, Vehicles, Ornaments, Over insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>If your all saving is diverted to these investments you will have lesser & lesser cash available for actual investment. </li></ul><ul><li>When your professional income decreases you will be in trouble. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Financial definition of asset, liability. <ul><li>The investment which brings cash inside your pocket is Asset. </li></ul><ul><li>The investment which takes out cash from your pocket is Liability. </li></ul><ul><li>Balance investment in both classes. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Cash Management <ul><li>Thumb rule No.3 </li></ul><ul><li>15-20% of your take home cash should go to income generating investments. </li></ul><ul><li>Your EMI should not exceed 30% of your take home cash. </li></ul><ul><li>During early stages of life allocate higher portion to Assets. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally your Alternate income should fund your Luxury, Liabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Delay expenses, DO NOT delay Investments. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Investment <ul><li>Step 1 Asset Allocation </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2 Provision for Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3 Cash flow planning </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4 Actual investment. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Investment Options <ul><li>Capital protection + Income generation. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Govt. Assured return schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Bank Deposits. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Bonds. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Company deposit, debentures. </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Mutual fund Debt schemes </li></ul>
  45. 45. Income generating investments <ul><li>Pros. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Safe – Capital protected. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Tax rebate on investment. PPF, NSC. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Tax free return. PPF, Mutual fund. </li></ul><ul><li>Cons. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Low return – difficult to beat Inflation. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Lock in period. </li></ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul><ul><li>PPF is best investment for long term investment. </li></ul><ul><li>Floating rate funds best for short term investment. </li></ul><ul><li>Senior citizen scheme best for retirement planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Always calculate post tax, inflation adjusted return. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Income generating Investment. <ul><li>Thumb rule 4. </li></ul><ul><li>When interest rates are rising invest in Floating rate schemes & take Fixed rate loans. </li></ul><ul><li>When interest rate is falling invest in Long term Income or Gilt funds & take floating rate Loans. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Income Schemes P.P.F. N.S.C. K.V.P. BANK F.D. Floating rate Funds Return % 8% 8% 8% 6-8% 5-6% Tax-free Yes NO NO NO Yes Rebate on Investment Yes Yes NO Yes if >5 year No Liquidity 50% withdrawal after 5 years 6 year lock in 7.5 years lock in Lock in as per term of F.D. No lock in
  48. 48. Income Generation + Capital Appreciation <ul><li>MIP & Balance schemes of mutual fund </li></ul><ul><li>Equity shares with high dividend yield </li></ul><ul><li>Rented real estate </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable for moderate risk profile & investors near retirement age. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Capital Appreciation <ul><li>Equity shares - Direct, IPO, Mutual fund, PMS. </li></ul><ul><li>Real estate </li></ul><ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><li>Art – paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Equity & Real Estate are best long term Wealth creator & Equity is most tax efficient investment. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Speculative investment <ul><li>Trading in equity shares. </li></ul><ul><li>Derivative trading </li></ul><ul><li>Commodity trading </li></ul><ul><li>Very risky product . No speculator has become Billionaire. Only brokers make money. </li></ul><ul><li>Never trade with borrowed money. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Mutual Fund <ul><li>What is Mutual fund? </li></ul><ul><li>(1 ) Fund collected from different investors for common purpose, managed by Professional manager & Income distributed to investors in proportion to their investment. </li></ul><ul><li>Investors allotted Units for investment. Initial price is always Rs. 10 per unit. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Market price of unit is called NAV. </li></ul><ul><li>Market value of investment / Units allotted = NAV </li></ul>
  52. 52. Mutual fund Advantages <ul><li>Diversification </li></ul><ul><li>Professional management </li></ul><ul><li>Income tax benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Liquidity. </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic regular investment of small amount possible. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Mutual Fund Types <ul><li>(1 ) Debt Schemes . </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Floating rate scheme. </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Income or bond schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Gilt schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>(d) MIP – 5 to 30% investment in equity. </li></ul><ul><li>Debt schemes ideal for regular income, capital protection & short term goals . </li></ul>
  54. 54. Mutual fund Types cont. <ul><li>(2 ) Balance Schemes </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Debt oriented. 40% investment in equity. </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Equity oriented. 65% or more investment in equity. </li></ul><ul><li>Best for medium term financial goals 2-4 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Best for beginner in equity market investment. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Mutual fund Types cont. <ul><li>(3 ) Equity schemes </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Diversified Equity schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexi cap diversified equity scheme is best investment for Wealth creation. </li></ul><ul><li>( b) ELSS - Equity linked saving scheme. Best for tax planning. </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Sector – Thematic funds. </li></ul><ul><li>(d) Index fund. </li></ul><ul><li>(e) Exchange traded funds. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Mutual fund Types cont. <ul><li>(4 ) Specialty funds . </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Exchange traded Gold fund. </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Real estate fund. </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Art fund. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Plans – Options <ul><li>Dividend plan </li></ul><ul><li>Options </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Dividend Payout . </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Dividend Reinvestment . </li></ul><ul><li>Growth plan. </li></ul><ul><li>best plan for wealth creation. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Mutual Fund Types <ul><li>Close Ended </li></ul><ul><li>Open Ended </li></ul>
  59. 59. How to invest? <ul><li>Lump sum investment. </li></ul><ul><li>S.I.P. Systematic Investment Plan </li></ul><ul><li>S.T.P. Systematic Transfer plan </li></ul><ul><li>If you invest directly at fund office or online there is no entry load. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Fund Selection <ul><li>Say NO to NFO New fund offer </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Diversified mutual Fund schemes having consistent performance during last 5 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Beware of Agents/ Brokers advise :- </li></ul><ul><li>(a) NFO – At par offer , Low NAV. </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Dividend declared . </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Churning – Profit booking. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Ideal portfolio <ul><li>Not > 10 schemes </li></ul><ul><li>4-5 Diversified Equity </li></ul><ul><li>funds. </li></ul><ul><li>1 ELSS scheme </li></ul><ul><li>1 Balanced scheme </li></ul><ul><li>1 MIP </li></ul><ul><li>1 Floating rate scheme </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 Sectoral or </li></ul><ul><li>Midcap scheme. </li></ul>Type of Fund Floating Rate fund MIP, Fixed maturity funds Balanced schemes Equity schemes Best for Time Horizon <1 year 1-2 years 2-4 years > 5 years Expected return 5 – 6 % 7 – 8 % 10 – 12 % > 15 % Risk of capital loss Zero Almost zero 5 – 10 % up to 2 years. 20 – 30 % in first 3 years.
  62. 62. 4-5 star funds <ul><li>Diversified Mutual fund. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) HDFC Equity, (2) Reliance Vision, (3) Reliance growth, (4) SBI Magnum Contra. (5) DSP ML Equity. </li></ul><ul><li>ELSS </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Magnum tax gain (2) HDFC Tax Saver. </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral & Midcap </li></ul><ul><li>(1) DSP ML TIGER, (2) Reliance Diversified power sector, (3) SBI Magnum global (4) Sunderam Select Midcap fund. </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange traded . Nifty BeES, Banking BeES. </li></ul>
  63. 63. 4-5 star funds - Continue <ul><li>Balanced </li></ul><ul><li>(1) HDFC Prudence </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Magnum Balanced. </li></ul><ul><li>MIP </li></ul><ul><li>(1) HDFC Long Term MIP, </li></ul><ul><li>(2) ICICI Prudential Income Multiplier. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Model Portfolio Profile Equity Diversified Equity Midcap Sector Balanced Fund MIP, Bond Fund Floating rate Fund Age 20-30 Dependent 1-2 35-40% 35-40% 20% 10% Age 30-40 Children in school 30-35% 20-25% 30% 10% Age 40-50 Children in college 30-35% 10-15% 20-30% 10% 10-20% Age 50-60 Children marriage Higher Education 25-30% 5-10% 20% 20% 10% > 60 years Retirement planning 10-20% 30% 30-40% 20%
  65. 65. Income Tax Planning - Tips <ul><li>Tax planning is legal. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing power of Unaccounted money will slowly go down. </li></ul><ul><li>No cash transaction possible in Mutual fund.PAN card copy required. </li></ul><ul><li>Make maximum use of tax free income limit </li></ul><ul><li>Create multiple heads of income tax payer. </li></ul><ul><li>ELSS investment can be used for income tax planning & wealth creation. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Income Tax calculation <ul><li>Tax free income limit:- </li></ul><ul><li>Male Individual & HUF. 1,10,000. </li></ul><ul><li>Female individual 1,45,000. </li></ul><ul><li>Senior citizen (>65 years age) 1,95,000. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 10% tax on income between Tax free limit & 1,50,000. </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 1 lac rebate for 80C investment. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Income Tax calculation <ul><li>If male tax payer or HUF has income of 2.5 lac & 1 lac invested under sec. 80C then tax payable is only Rs. 4000 . </li></ul><ul><li>For female tax payer only 500 & </li></ul><ul><li>For senior citizen nil up to 2.95 lac income . </li></ul><ul><li>If Husband, Wife, HUF & Parent or Major child has income of 2.5 lac each, & they invest Rs. 1 lac each under sec. 80 C, total tax payable will be only 8,500 on total 10 lac taxable income. </li></ul><ul><li>4 lac will be compulsory invested each year. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Capital Gain Tax <ul><li>Long term capital gain. </li></ul><ul><li>Equity scheme / shares. > 1year. Tax free. </li></ul><ul><li>Real Estate, Gold. > 3 years. 20% with indexation or 10%. </li></ul><ul><li>Debt scheme of mutual fund > 1 year. 10%. </li></ul><ul><li>Short term capital gain. </li></ul><ul><li>Equity scheme / shares. 10%. </li></ul><ul><li>Real Estate, Gold < 3years & Debt scheme of mutual fund < 1 year – will be added to business income. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Income Tax Planning Tips <ul><li>Multiple heads of Tax payer in family. </li></ul><ul><li>Gift to parents & major children is tax free, clubbing free, without any limit. </li></ul><ul><li>Give loan to spouse at low interest rate, instead of gift to avoid clubbing of income. </li></ul><ul><li>Take maximum advantage of Tax free income . </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Long term capital gain on shares & equity mutual fund. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Dividend from mutual funds & shares. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) P.P.F. interest. Tax free bond interest. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Agriculture income. </li></ul>
  70. 70. Income Tax Planning Tips <ul><li>Home loan .- Principle payment eligible for 80C rebate, Interest deducted from income up to 1.5 lac per year per head. </li></ul><ul><li>Real esta te – buy cheap , sell at highest possible price after 3 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Capital gain tax can be saved by investing in Capital gain bonds up to 50 lac. </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 1 k.g. gold per married women & 500 gram gold per unmarried women in family , will be allowed during income tax search. </li></ul>
  71. 71. Retirement Planning <ul><li>Retirement doesn't mean stoppage of work, it means freedom from compulsion to work for money – Financial freedom . </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain same life style even after retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy is increasing. 80+ age not unusual. Female spouse will live 5 years more then male. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation will make difficult to maintain same level of living standard. </li></ul><ul><li>You & your spouse may not like to remain dependent on children. </li></ul><ul><li>We don’t have govt. social security scheme. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Why retirement planning Financial Planning and Asset Allocation Retirement Plan - An essential need Increasing life expectancy Protect Post- Retirement Lifestyle Increasing Cost of Health Protection for Spouse /Dependents Falling Interest Rate Scenario Breakdown of traditional support systems
  73. 73. FINANCIAL PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE ……... Financial Planning and Asset Allocation Birth & Education Earning Years Retirement 35 yrs 25 yrs Over 25 - 30 yrs Housing Child’s Education Child’s Marriage Phase I Phase III Phase II Income Age Marriage Children 22 yrs 60 yrs Age
  74. 74. Why retirement planning Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  75. 75. How Much? <ul><li>If retirement <10 years away </li></ul><ul><li>250*Existing monthly expense </li></ul><ul><li>If retirement between 10 – 20 years form today 350*existing monthly expense </li></ul><ul><li>If retirement > 20 years from today </li></ul><ul><li>500*existing monthly expense </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>Add provision for pending financial goals (children education, marriage etc.) </li></ul>
  76. 76. How? <ul><li>Start early </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement planning starts the day you get your first income. </li></ul><ul><li>Invest regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Small amount invested regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay invested . </li></ul><ul><li>Power of compounding. </li></ul><ul><li>Best options are P.P.F., Pension schemes of insurance co., Equity mutual fund & Real estate. </li></ul>
  77. 77. Asset allocation <ul><li>Maximum equity allocation in % = </li></ul><ul><li>100-age in years. </li></ul><ul><li>As your retirement time comes near shift to debt schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>10-20% in floating rate scheme for emergency expenses.(2-3 months expenses). </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 15 lac in senior citizen scheme for 9% assured regular income. </li></ul><ul><li>P.P.F. 20% for 8% tax free return. </li></ul><ul><li>MIP 20% & Balanced scheme 20% for regular income + capital appreciation. </li></ul><ul><li>10-30% in Equity scheme for wealth creation. </li></ul>
  78. 78. Wealth creation <ul><li>Equity & Real estate are best asset classes for wealth creation. </li></ul><ul><li>Real Estate - Problems </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Unaccounted money. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Lump sum investment of large amount. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Title problems. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) 10-12 year cycle, so poor Liquidity. Invest only if ready to stay invested for 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Maintenance charges. </li></ul><ul><li>(6) Entry load- Reg. fees & Exit load – capital gain tax </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) One good investment can change your financial life. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Shortly mutual funds will be available. </li></ul>
  79. 79. Equity <ul><li>In long run equity gives best tax free return. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensex multiplied 180 times in last 29 years, that is >18% compounded return. </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual funds have done still better. Value of Reliance Growth scheme multiplied 48 times in 12 years. (>35% compounded return). </li></ul><ul><li>Time in market is important not timing the market . </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of capital loss zero if invested > 5 years. </li></ul><ul><li>20000 monthly SIP in Reliance Growth scheme created wealth of 3 crore in 12 years . >5 mutual fund schemes created wealth of >2 crore. </li></ul><ul><li>Even small amount can be invested. </li></ul>
  80. 80. Mutual fund returns Fund name Start date 1 year return 5 year return annualized % Since inception return % Worst 3 months return Reliance growth Oct-95 76.9 72.6 37 -45 Reliance Vision Oct-95 56.6 60.7 31.6 -39.6 SBI Magnum Contra- July 99 66.3 72.1 38.3 -42.7 HDFC Equity Dec.94 53.6 57.8 26.9 -34.7 DSP ML Equity April 97 70.3 62.9 32 -46 HDFC Prudence Jan 94 43.2 46.7 24.8 -18
  81. 81. Magic of Compounding <ul><li>Compounding is called eighth wonder of world. </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of 72 </li></ul><ul><li>72/ Interest rate = No. of years required to double money. </li></ul><ul><li>72/ No. of years required to double money = </li></ul><ul><li>% interest return. </li></ul><ul><li>If you earn 24% compounded return your money double in 3 years, multiplies 10 times in 10 years, 100 times in 20 years & 1000 times in 30 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Average return of diversified mutual fund is >24% in last 14 years. </li></ul>
  82. 82. THE EIGHT WONDER OF THE WORLD... The Power of Compounding 350,000 2,533,529 330,000 2,099,636 300,000 1,572,834 Savings Returns * Saves from age 25 to 60 Saves from age 27 to 60 Saves from age 30 to 60 Assuming an annual savings of Rs. 10,000 in an instrument providing return of 9.5% p.a. Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  83. 83. Amount required to be saved monthly:- Financial Planning and Asset Allocation Rs. 100 lakhs :-
  84. 84. Start Early <ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Age : 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>Start : Today </li></ul><ul><li>Invest : 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Amount : Rs 10,000 p.a. </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption on retirement (age 60) </li></ul><ul><li>Value at 60 - 51 lakhs. </li></ul><ul><li>Your Twin </li></ul><ul><li>Age : 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>Start : at age 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Invest : 30 years </li></ul><ul><li>Amount : Rs 10,000 p.a. </li></ul><ul><li>Redemption on retirement (age 60) </li></ul><ul><li>Value at 60 – 50 lakhs. </li></ul>Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  85. 85. INFLATION ROBS YOUR PURCHASING POWER (Assuming inflation @ 8% p.a.) Rs. 25,000 today 53,973 10 YRS. 116,525 20 YRS. 251,568 30 YRS. 543,113 40 YRS. Financial Planning and Asset Allocation
  86. 86. Estimating Future Needs Financial Planning and Asset Allocation Rs. 20 lakhs today:-
  87. 87. Wealth creating ideas <ul><li>Be fearful when others are greedy, be greedy when others are fearful. </li></ul><ul><li>Invest when discount sale is on. </li></ul><ul><li>Price is what you pay, value is what you get. </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase share of business not share certificate. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at P/E ratio not absolute level of index. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth creation is art of purchasing 1 rupee for 40 paisa. </li></ul>
  88. 88. Stock market quotes <ul><li>In short term market is like Voting machine, in long run it is like weighing machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Bull will climb staircase but bear will always jump through window. </li></ul><ul><li>Tops & bottoms are for fools & liars. </li></ul><ul><li>Most important organ for investment is stomach. </li></ul>
  89. 89. Conclusion <ul><li>Investing is not Rocket Science. Keep it simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Start investing early in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Save & invest regularly, systematically. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay invested for long term till your goal achieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Stick to asset allocation. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor 3-6 monthly. </li></ul><ul><li>If necessary take expert help. </li></ul><ul><li>You have worked hard to earn money, now make the money work hard for you. </li></ul>
  90. 90. Self help <ul><li>Self help is best help. </li></ul><ul><li>Devote some time for your financial planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines:- </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Mutual fund insight from Valueresearch Co. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Outlook Money from Outlook Express group. </li></ul><ul><li>Websites:- </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Personal finance section & Mutual fund section. Portfolio can be created & maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) best analysis of mutual funds, rating, & mutual fund portfolio analysis. </li></ul>
  91. 91. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>