HISTORYHistory of Open sourceConcept of free sharing information existed long beforecomputers, For example: Sharing of Cooking Recipe’sIn early 1960’s any computer academy who develop asoftware shared its source code under the principle ofopenness & co-operationAny source code, human-readable form of software, wasgenerally distributed with the software itself becauseUsers frequently modified the software themselves,Resolve Compatibility issue with hardware or Operating System,Also to fix bugs or add new functionality.This led to a “Free Software Movement” viaWorld Wide Web and later termed as
Open Source Principles Open source enables us to read the code We can see how it’s made The freedom to run the program for any purpose The freedom to study how the program works, andadapt it to your needs The freedom to redistribute copies The freedom to improve the program
FOSS – Free & Open SourceSoftware Free and Open-Source Software (F/OSS, FOSS) orfree/libre/open-source software (FLOSS) is softwarethat is liberally licensed to grant the right of users touse, study, change, and improve its design throughthe availability of its source code. In the context of free and open-source software, freerefers to the freedom to copy and re-use thesoftware, rather than to the price of the software. Free software focuses on the philosophicalfreedoms it gives to users while open sourcefocuses on the perceived strengths of its peer-to-peer development model.
• E Mail• Website• Anti-Virus• Operating System – Server• Operating System – Client• Office Suite• Communicator• Collaborator• ERP• CRM & SCM• ECM• PLM & MDM• HRMS• BI• Project Management• Design & Drawing Tools –Eng, Mech, Civil, others• Programming Language• Translators• Browsers• Database• IT Security Tools• Virtualization Tools• Help Desk Tools• Library• Learning Tools• Asset Management Tools• Trouble Shoot Tools• Network Management Tools• Telecom Software Tools• Data Center/Server RoomTools• BMS• Software for Electrical andElectronic EquipmentsFOSS in Enterprises
Proven FOSSEnterprise Applications Operating SystemsLAMP Content Management System
Licensing ModelAny Open Source application has to be registeredand licensed by the “FSF – Free SoftwareFoundation” with a related distinct criteria to bedeclared as Free Software Free Proliferate Copyrighted License – GPL & MPLThey require that any modified software and any program including this softwarein a derived product must be placed under the same license Free Copy Left Persistent Licenses – LGPL & BSDThey contain a clause allowing users to mix the software with proprietarysoftware and place it under a proprietary license, on the condition that thefree module remains under a free license Free Non Copy Left Licenses – License ApacheAny one can transform a source code under this license without acknowledgingits original developer
Conclusion with a StatisticsOpen Source Technology - A Boon to IT• 54% of IT Executives said Open Source would be theirdominant server & application platform in 5 years--- (Source : CIOMagazine)• Apache has 67% of Web Server market• Linux based Servers and its supported Enterpriseapplications – will be the first choice for the SME segment
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