The de' Medici Family

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The de' Medici Family

  1. 1. The de’ Medici Family By Jacob Suba Period 2 Mrs. Nicastro
  2. 2. Rise of the de’ Medicis <ul><li>The de’ Medici family of Florence could be traced back as early as the 1200s. </li></ul><ul><li>The family was a group of bankers, politicians, and aristocratic nobles </li></ul><ul><li>At the time, the de’ Medicis were one of the most influential and powerful families in Florence, Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>The de’ Medicis gained wealth through banking and commerce in the 13 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>The first fall of the de’ Medicis made them even stronger. </li></ul><ul><li>The de’ Medici family also invested their wealth to the patronage of arts and sciences. </li></ul>Armorial of Medici http://armorialblog.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/tuscany.jpg http://galileo.rice.edu/gal/medici.html The Renaissance by Stephen P. Thompson http://galileo.rice.edu/lib/student_work/florence96/alexc/medici.html
  3. 3. Cosimo the Elder <ul><li>Cosimo de’ Medici was born on September 27, 1389. </li></ul><ul><li>The de’ Medici Family gained popularity under Cosimo de’ Medici. </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo was a merchant, and the son of Giovanni de’ Medici, founder of the family fortune. </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo de’ Medici was the uncrowned king of Florence from 1434 until his death on August 1, 1464. </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo’s dynasty continued to thrive until 1494. </li></ul>Cosimo de’ Medici (1389 – 1464) http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GBRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=SRC-1&docId=EK1631004449&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0 http://www.tuscany-toscana.info/images/cosimo_de_medici.jpg
  4. 4. Lorenzo the Magnificent <ul><li>Lorenzo de’ Medici was born on January 1, 1449 in Florence, Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Lorenzo was the grandson of Cosimo the Elder and the son of Piero and Lucrezia. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1469, Lorenzo became the head of the family and the state at the age 20 after his father’s death. </li></ul><ul><li>No other Medici could match Lorenzo’s versatility. </li></ul><ul><li>He was an artist, an author, a politician, a poet, and even a philosopher. </li></ul><ul><li>Lorenzo the Magnificent died on April 8, 1492. </li></ul>Lorenzo de’ Medici (1449 – 1492) http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T003&prodId=SRC-1&docId=A180863181&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0 http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=SRC-1&docId=EJ2102101236&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0
  5. 5. Pope Leo X <ul><li>Pope Leo X was born as Giovanni de’ Medici on December 11, 1495 in Florence, Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent and Clarice Orsini. </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni had his head shaved at the age of thirteen and was appointed a cardinal. </li></ul><ul><li>He loved literature, music, the theatre, and even hunting. </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni became the head of the de’ Medici family in 1503 after his elder brother, Piero died. </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni was crowned Pope Leo X in 1513, after the death of Pope Julius II the month before. </li></ul><ul><li>His accession was celebrated by many people in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, Giovanni left a huge debt of 400,000 ducats to his next successor. </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni died on December 1, 1521 in Rome. </li></ul>Pope Leo X (1495 -1521) http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=SRC-1&docId=EJ2105100784&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0 http://www.lib-art.com/imgpainting/7/1/15817-pope-leo-x-with-cardinals-giulio-de-raffaello-sanzio.jpg
  6. 6. Cosimo I de’ Medici <ul><li>Cosimo I de’ Medici was born on June 12, 1519. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the great-great grandson of Lorenzo the Elder, brother of Cosimo the Elder and son of Giovanni di Bicci. </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo was elected the head of the republic in January 1537. </li></ul><ul><li>In September 1537, with the permission of Charles V, Cosimo appointed himself Duke of Florence. </li></ul><ul><li>He married Eleonora de Toledo in 1539. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, five members of Crosio's family died within a six year period. </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo became the Duke of Tuscany in 1569 after unifying the state of Tuscany. </li></ul><ul><li>Cosimo died on April 21, 1574. </li></ul>Cosimo I de’ Medici (1519 – 1574) http://www.dl.ket.org/webmuseum/wm/paint/auth/bronzino/cosimo.jpg http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/139151/Cosimo-I
  7. 7. Catherine de’ Medici <ul><li>Catherine de’ Medici was born on April 13, 1519. </li></ul><ul><li>She was the daughter of Lorenzo de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino, and Madeleine de La Tour d’Auvergne. </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine was educated, trained, and disciplined by nuns. </li></ul><ul><li>She married Henry II in 1933 and was the Queen of France from 1560 – 1574. </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine stopped two civil wars, and was able to claim peace in France during her reign. </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine Died on January 5, 1589. </li></ul>Catherine de’ Medici (1519 – 1589) http://z.about.com/d/arthistory/1/0/D/W/lorenzo_II_03.jpg http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/99657/Catherine-de-Medicis Catherine De Medici: The Power Behind the French Throne by Barbara A. Somerville
  8. 8. Fall of the de’ Medicis <ul><li>The de’ Medici family started to decline in the 16 th century as Tuscany and Florence stopped developing. </li></ul><ul><li>Duke Cosimo III had no heir, since he did not have any grandchildren. </li></ul><ul><li>The death of Duke Cosimo III and his sons gave the Austrians control of Tuscany since the only remaining de’ Medicis were girls. </li></ul><ul><li>After two centuries dominated by the de’ Medicis, the Asburgo Lorena family took control in 1737. </li></ul>Family Tree of Well Known de’ Medicis http://galileo.rice.edu/images/people/Medici_fam.gif http://galileo.rice.edu/lib/student_work/florence96/alexc/medici.html http://galileo.rice.edu/gal/medici.html
  9. 9. Impact of the de’ Medicis <ul><li>The de’ Medicis made a big impact in Italy in many ways. </li></ul><ul><li>They became known as a prominent family known for their contributions to the arts and literature during the Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>All of Italy flourished under their rule, especially Florence, becoming the most powerful state in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Their generosity helped famous artists such as Michelangelo, Raphael, and Donatello succeed in the arts. </li></ul><ul><li>The de’ Medicis were one of the most influential families during the Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>The de’ Medicis dominated Florence for over two centuries. </li></ul>Uffizi Gallery – Built under orders of Duke Cosimo I de’ Medici for the Florentine magistrates. It is currently one of the oldest museums in Italy. http://www.bergoiata.org/fe/Paysages-divers/Uffizi%20Gallery,%20Florence,%20Italy.jpg http://galileo.rice.edu/gal/medici.html http://galileo.rice.edu/lib/student_work/florence96/alexc/medici.html
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>2009. Private collection. Grand Duke of Tuscany Armorial . N.p.: Fredrik Brodin, 2009. Web. Web. 7 Dec. 2009. <http://armorialblog.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/tuscany.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bradford, Sarah. &quot;A true Renaissance man.(Magnifico)(Book review).&quot;   Spectator. 307. 9383 (June 28, 2008): 51(2). Student Resource Center - Gold . Gale. Colony High School. 5 Dec. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T003&prodId=SRC-1&docId=A180863181&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bronzino, Agnolo. Cosimo I de' Medici . Private collection, Florence. Web. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.dl.ket.org/webmuseum/wm/paint/auth/bronzino/cosimo.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Catherine de Médicis .&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica . 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 03 Dec. 2009 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/99657/Catherine-de-Medicis>. </li></ul><ul><li>Clouet, François . Catherine de Medici . Musée Carnavalet, Paris. Web. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://z.about.com/d/arthistory/1/0/D/W/lorenzo_II_03.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Cosimo I.&quot; Encyclopædia Britannica . 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 04 Dec. 2009 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/139151/Cosimo-I>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gill, Paul E. &quot;Leo, X, Pope (1475-1521).&quot; DISCovering World History . Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Gold . Gale. Colony High School. 4 Dec. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=SRC-1&docId=EJ2105100784&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0>. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Haden, Al V. &quot;The Medici Family.&quot; The Galileo Project N.p., 25 Oct. 2004. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://galileo.rice.edu/gal/medici.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Medici, Lorenzo de' (1449-1492).&quot; DISCovering Biography . Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Gold . Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=SRC-1&docId=EJ2102101236&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0>. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanzio, Raphael . Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de' Medici and Luigi de' Rossi . 1518. Uffizi, Florence. Web. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.lib-art.com/imgpainting/7/1/15817-pope-leo-x-with-cardinals-giulio-de-raffaello-sanzio.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Scionti, Joseph N. &quot;Medici, Cosimo de' (1389-1464).&quot; Encyclopedia of World Biography . Ed. Suzanne M. Bourgoin. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998. 17 vols. Student Resource Center - Gold . Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=GBRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=SRC-1&docId=EK1631004449&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=onta38245&version=1.0>. </li></ul><ul><li>Somerville, Barbara A. Catherine De Medici: The Power Behind the French Throne . Minneapolis: Compass Point Books, 2006. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Medici Family.&quot; The Galileo Project N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://galileo.rice.edu/lib/student_work/florence96/alexc/medici.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Thompson, Stephen P. The Renaissance . San Diego: Greenhaven Press Inc., 2000. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuscany N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.tuscany-toscana.info/history_of_the_medici_family.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Uffizi Gallery of Florence, Italy . Florence. Web. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.bergoiata.org/fe/Paysages-divers/Uffizi%20Gallery,%20Florence,%20Italy.jpg>. </li></ul>

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