Revolution1911.1949

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Revolution1911.1949

  1. 2. End of monarchy <ul><li>Last imperator Pu Yi </li></ul><ul><li>1 January 1912 – republic of China </li></ul><ul><li>Provinces became independent </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese civil war </li></ul>
  2. 3. The First World War <ul><li>Japanese conquered Kiatschou/Tsingtau </li></ul><ul><li>Help of allies </li></ul><ul><li>China declared war on Entente </li></ul>
  3. 4. Japanese Expansion and Second World War <ul><li>„ Marionettenstaat“ (Mandschukuo) </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest number of victims </li></ul><ul><li>Massacre of Nanking </li></ul>
  4. 5. Kuomintang <ul><li>Party of the republic of China </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts between communists and nationalists </li></ul><ul><li>People´s republic was proclaimed </li></ul><ul><li>Leninism </li></ul>
  5. 6. Mao´s long march <ul><li>Saved Mao Zedong and communist party from Kuomintang </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang Kai Shek launched an attack </li></ul><ul><li>Red armies evaded Kuomintang </li></ul><ul><li>Kuomintang - Communists </li></ul>
  6. 8. Influence <ul><li>„ Chinese Soviet Republic“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Own bank, money, tax bureau </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>„ Two Chinas“ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Private agreement between China & SU </li></ul>
  7. 9. Everyday life <ul><li>Lot of students </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of modern schools </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on education </li></ul><ul><li>„ Literal revolution“ </li></ul>

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