Mongolian Empire

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Mongolian Empire

  1. 1. The Mongol Empire
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Military Setup </li></ul><ul><li>The Yuan Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Marco Polo </li></ul><ul><li>Genghis Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Vassals of the Mongol Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Life </li></ul>
  3. 3. Facts <ul><li>Empire from 1206–1368 </li></ul><ul><li>surface of 33 000 000 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>capital was Karakorum </li></ul><ul><li>religions where Shamanism, Buddhism, Christians and Islam </li></ul>
  4. 5. military setup <ul><li>Organization was simple but very effective </li></ul><ul><li>lance forces, horse archers, ingeneers </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Yuan Dynasty <ul><li>Founded by Kublai Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted from 1271 to 1368 </li></ul><ul><li>Preceded the Ming Dynasty </li></ul>
  6. 7. Marco Polo <ul><li>born 1254, died 1324 </li></ul><ul><li>Venetian trader and explorer </li></ul><ul><li>first traveler on the Silk Road to China </li></ul>
  7. 8. Genghis Khan <ul><li>born 1162, died 1227 </li></ul><ul><li>founder of the Mongol Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Real name was Temüjin (ironworker) </li></ul><ul><li>He was the most powerful emperor </li></ul>
  8. 9. Vassals of the Mongol Empire <ul><li>Mongolia was divided into 5 parts </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolia, Southern Siberia and Manchuria; </li></ul><ul><li>North China and Tibet; </li></ul><ul><li>Khorazm, Mawarannahr and the Hami Oases </li></ul><ul><li>Persia, Georgia, Armenia, Cilicia and Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Horde. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Daily Life <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>„ white foods“ and „red foods“ </li></ul><ul><li>also animals as: rabbit, deer, wild boar, squirrels and marmots (Murmeltier) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Daily Life <ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>coins (such as dirhams) or silver Akçe </li></ul><ul><li>but also paper currency such as Sukhe </li></ul>
  11. 12. Daily Life <ul><li>Domestic animals </li></ul><ul><li>The five most important domestic animals were: </li></ul><ul><li>Horses </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul><ul><li>Camels </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep/Goats </li></ul>
  12. 13. Thanks for your attention!

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