China Neu

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China Neu

  1. 1. One-child policy and its consequences
  2. 2. Why and when? <ul><li>established in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>To : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>regulate the immense population growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduce social and environmental problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ensure that they can feed all its people </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Who can be parents? <ul><li>permission of government </li></ul><ul><li>application and form </li></ul><ul><li>married couples </li></ul>
  4. 4. Success <ul><li>prevented 300 million births since 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>official birth rate: 1,8 kids per woman </li></ul><ul><li>population growth decreased from 26 % to 7,9 % in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>China needs the permanent control, says the government </li></ul>
  5. 5. Social problems <ul><li>single children are spoiled by parents and grandparents </li></ul><ul><li>not the whole attention of teacher at school </li></ul><ul><li>special courses for parents for the best education </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sanctions <ul><li>financial penalties (about 700 €) </li></ul><ul><li>forced abortions </li></ul><ul><li>forced sterilizations </li></ul><ul><li>sequestered homes and crop earnings </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tricks <ul><li>rich people are willing to pay </li></ul><ul><li>countryside – no registration </li></ul><ul><li>sending pregnants to relatives </li></ul><ul><li>claiming the baby is adopted </li></ul>
  8. 8. Boys vs. Girls <ul><li>boys are more wanted </li></ul><ul><li>girls are aborted or killed after their birth </li></ul><ul><li>boys care for the parents </li></ul><ul><li>106.3 boys for every 100 girls </li></ul>
  9. 9. New women <ul><li>sophisticated and picky girls </li></ul><ul><li>independent women </li></ul><ul><li>do not need a man </li></ul><ul><li>reject the typical gender role </li></ul>
  10. 10. Consequences <ul><li>kidnapping </li></ul><ul><li>women trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>up to 900 € per women </li></ul>
  11. 11. Benefits <ul><li>if the first baby is female, families get the chance to have another child </li></ul><ul><li>special financial support if the second child is also a girl </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. old-age pension </li></ul>

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