Sophie Punte Ism Lecture Air Quality 20 Jan10

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Sophie Punte Ism Lecture Air Quality 20 Jan10

  1. 1. Air Pollution & Climate Change Sophie Punte Executive Director CAI-Asia Center International School Manila 20 January 2010
  2. 2. What is sustainability? <ul><li>Looking at the world through 3 glasses </li></ul>Economy (money & work) Social (people) Environment (nature & our planet) Climate Change and Air Pollution
  3. 3. What is climate change? CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 cattle
  4. 4. What is climate change? Before After
  5. 5. What is climate change?
  6. 6. How does climate change affect us?
  7. 7. How does climate change affect us? Droughts and Floods Many animals and plants disappear Melting ice & rising sea levels Less food More tropical diseases (dengue, malaria)
  8. 8. Was Ondoy the result of climate change?
  9. 9. … back to sustainability <ul><li>Is climate change an environmental, social or economic issue? </li></ul>Economy (money & work) Social (people) Environment (nature & our planet)
  10. 10. What is air pollution? http://media.canada.com/b17a5268-e809-4db2-a84b-06fc4c00d03e/m1x00198_9.jpg CO Carbon monoxide O3 Ozone SO2 Sulfur dioxide NOx Nitrogen oxides VOCs Volatile organic compounds Pb Lead Air toxics PM Particulate matter CH4 Methane CH4 Methane Is there a link with climate change?
  11. 11. Where does air pollution come from? Industry Power plants Vehicles Open burning Volcanoes Construction Forest fires Cooking Is there a link with climate change?
  12. 12. Where does air pollution go? www.pittrxman.com/chinasea_sea_2004296.jpg
  13. 13. Dust traveling from China to US (1998) http://capita.wustl.edu/asia-fareast/ Manila
  14. 14. Dust traveling from China to US (1998) Manila
  15. 15. How does air pollution affect you? http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/general/images/airpollution.png
  16. 16. How does air pollution affect you? <ul><li>Sore eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Snotty nose </li></ul><ul><li>Coughing </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to breathe </li></ul>
  17. 17. How does air pollution affect you? <ul><li>Particulate matter or dust </li></ul>
  18. 18. Who suffers most from air pollution? www.ec.gc.ca/ Young children Elderly People working outside Sporting people Poor people
  19. 19. What other problems does air pollution cause? Corrosion of buildings Food production & tree growth Tourism Health costs & lost work days Is there a link with climate change?
  20. 20. Which car it hotter to touch in the sun?
  21. 21. Air pollution can make climate change happen faster Which glacier melts faster in the sun?
  22. 22. Air pollution can make climate change worse Which city is hotter?
  23. 23. … back to sustainability <ul><li>Is air pollution an environmental, social or economic issue? </li></ul>Economy (money & work) Social (people) Environment (nature & our planet) Health costs Growing of trees People getting sick
  24. 24. How is air pollution measured? http://www.environmental-expert.com/files/19861/images/recordum26.jpg http://www.ssp-europe.com/chroma_1j.jpg http://www.lisburncity.gov.uk/filestore/images/IMG_0465.JPG http://gtresearchnews.gatech.edu/images/mobileairu.jpg
  25. 25. How is air pollution measured? http://www.knmi.nl/goa
  26. 26. How do we know if the air is polluted? Air Pollution Index: Translates pollution levels (ozone, particulates, nitrogen oxide, sulphur dioxide) into a code you and I can understand
  27. 27. What can we do? Protect yourself Wear a mask Use an air filter at home Keep windows closed at night
  28. 28. What can we do? Reduce air pollution Vehicle emission testing and repair Cycle to work Walk to work Take public transport Use cleaner fuels Drive a smaller car Is there a link with climate change?
  29. 29. What can we do? Role of government Make cities green Make new laws Make bikeways, walkways, and public transport -- not only roads Give fines to smoke belchers Promote cleaner fuels and vehicles Is there a link with climate change?
  30. 30. What about Manila?
  31. 31. Fine dust in Manila 2003 www.observatory.ph/uaq.php Dispersion Model
  32. 32. Air Pollution in Manila
  33. 33. Manila on a very bad air day
  34. 34. But air pollution is reducing Aggregated Annual Ambient AQ Trends,  g/m 3 (1993 to 2007) Source: CAI-Asia, 2008
  35. 35. Manila on a good air day
  36. 36. Thank you! Photo by Lee Schipper

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