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Greek alphabet chart

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  • 1. Greek Alphabet Charts α Α alpha a father β Β beta b big γ Γ gamma g God / γγ=ng (angle) / γκ=nk (ankle) δ ∆ delta d door ε Ε epsilon e met ζ Ζ zeta (zeyta) z zeal or kudzu η Η eta (eyta) ē obey θ Θ theta (theyta) th thing (not as in this) ι Ι iota i pit or police κ Κ kappa k keep λ Λ lambda l law µ Μ mu (moo) m mother ν Ν nu (noo) n number ξ Ξ xi (ksee) x fox ο Ο omicron o not [o-micron; small o] π Π pi (pee) p poor ρ Ρ rho r, rh rod, rhythm σ, ς Σ sigma s save [the form ς occurs only at end of word] τ Τ tau t time υ Υ upsilon u, y French u or German ü φ Φ phi (phee) ph phone χ Χ chi (chee) ch German ich ψ Ψ psi (psee) ps tipsy ω Ω omega ō vote [o-mega; big o]Diphthongs Breathing Marks αι ai aisle  smooth  = a; ν=ĕn ει ei neighbor  rough (h)  = ha; ν=hĕn οι oi oil Accents υι uee queen ´ acute αυ ow cow ~ or ˆ circumflex ου oo food ` grave ευ e+u met+rude (~feud) ηυ ē+u obey+rude Combinations of Accents & Breathings , ,  / , ,  // Α, Α, ΑPunctuation Iota Subscript Comma, period: Same as in English Raised dot (?) = Colon or Semicolon Only with 3 vowels: , ,  Semicolon (;) in Greek = Question mark Has no effect on pronunciationSyllables Diaeresis (dee-eye-re-sis) ultima (last) Keeps 2 vowels separate (¨) penult (next to last) Examples: Ησαḯας = Η-σα-ι-ας (Isaiah) antepenult (third from last) Κáïν = Κα-ιν (Cain) Elision — apostrophe (’) marks an omitted letter Practice the Greek alphabet at: http://www.aoal.org/Greek/greekalphabet.htm

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