HW: 1. WRITE YOUR NAME IN HIEROGLYPHICSON THE (CARTOUCHE) NAME TAG PROVIDED2. PUT YOUR NAME IN ENGLISH AT THE BOTTOM• Do Now: Make a flashcard for:• Shenu: • Also called a Cartouche; an oval ring placed around the names of royalty and gods in hieroglyphic inscriptions
SCRIBES OF EGYPT• Anyone, whatever their background, could undertake this profession, if they had the right education and training.• An Ancient Egyptian scribe had the opportunity rise to high ranks and even become a royal scribe bringing him wealth, land and power.• An Ancient Egyptian scribe was exempt from the daily toil of physical labor and was viewed with respect by society.
JOBS OF SCRIBES• Tax Collectors• Law administrators• Writing letters and legal documents such as marriage contracts• Recording harvests, food supply and distribution• Documenting rainfall and water levels of the Nile• Controlling the food supply and distribution• Conducting census of the population• Overseeing the construction of buildings including planning, surveying and supervising
FASHION• Men wore short kilts• Women wore simple dresses & robes• Everyone wore sandals
SIMPLE DRESS WITH SHAWL
HAIR• Egyptians braided/plaited their hair• They also wore wigs
EGYPTIAN MAKE-UP• Both men and women wore eye make up, rouge and perfumed oils that softened the skin and prevented burning in the sun and damage from the sandy winds.• Kohl is a mixture of soot and galena. Kohl was stored in richly decorated containers called kohl pots.• The malachite stone was crushed and then mixed as the green eye make up.• Red ochre is a pigment made from clay & used as blush• Henna is from the leaves of the henna shrub & was used as red hair dye & fingernail coloring
• Kohl pots
• HIEROGLYPHICS • “Words of the gods” • This form of writing began c. 3000 BCE • Egyptian hieroglyphs were a combination of sound-signs, pictograms, and ideograms. • There are over 700 symbols • Only consonants - no vowels • No punctuation
• Hieroglyphs are written in rows or columns and can be read from left to right or from right to left.• You can tell which direction to read because the human or animal figures always face towards the beginning of the line.
CARTOUCHE / SHENU• The oval boarder for the names of gods & royalty is called a cartouche or a shenu• “Cartouche” named for the similarity of French bullet cartridges• “Shenu” named for the circular shen symbol of the sun & eternity
• Heh is the god of eternity & holds the shen in both talons.• Horus & other vulture gods also hold the shen.• The sun symbol also worked as protection for the named person inside it.