动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课

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动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课

  1. 1. <ul><li>谈现代教育技术与数理综合探究课的整合及创新素质培养的几点尝试和体验 </li></ul><ul><li>邱发文 </li></ul>The Discovery Lesson of the Comprehensiveness of Math and Physics under the Dynamic and Opening Environment <ul><li>Qiu Fawen </li></ul>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 中国沈阳 · 东北育才学校 The Combination of the Modern Educational Technique and the Discovery Lesson of Comprehensiveness of Math and Physics for Supernormal Children and the Exploration and Experience for Training and Developing the Innovative Quality
  2. 2. <ul><li>摘 要: 基于电脑和网络所营造的“ 动态、开放 ”的环境,在“ 教育以人为本,知识实践创新 ” 的宗旨下,本着“ 为迁移而教,为创造而学 ”的原则,以选修课的方式,从“ 数理综合 ”的视角,通过 自主、合作、探究 的学习方式,对超常儿童的 创新素质 进行培养的尝试和体验… … </li></ul><ul><li>关键词: 数理综合 现代教育技术 创新 动态 开放 探究 实践 </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  3. 3. 主要内容 Main Contents <ul><li>三、重视原型启发 实现概括迁移 </li></ul><ul><li>Stress on Original Shape to Realize Generalization Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>一、强调探究过程 注重知识整合 Stress on probing process and knowledge conformity 二、突出 动态过程 培养创造思维 Stress on Dynamic Process and Cultivate Creative thinking
  4. 4. <ul><li>六、培养现代意识 加速社会化进程 </li></ul><ul><li>Developing modern consciousness and accelerating socializing advancement </li></ul><ul><li>主要内容 Main Contents </li></ul>四、 发挥网络优势 开展专题研究 Bring Network into Play and Begin Specialized Research 五、珍视创造成果 师生互为主体 Cherish creative findings and both students and instructors as principal part
  5. 5. <ul><li>学习任何知识的最好方法是亲历的探究(“ The best way to learn anything is to discover it by yourself” )。计算机不仅是 教具 ,更是 学具 最有潜力的认知工具。 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The best way to learn anything is to discover it by yourself” Computer, a potential acquisition tool, is used in learning and teaching in my elective course. </li></ul>一、强调探究过程 注重知识整合 Stress on probing process and knowledge conformity <ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ 既然数学对理解自然科学,信息科学及工程学具有中心的重要地位,因而我们再次强调需要把数学与这些学科以 综合 的方式去教。” </li></ul><ul><li>“ For mathematics is essential to the understanding of natural science, information science and engineering science, consequently; we owe again need emphasize teaching through the combination of mathematics and these branches of learning.” </li></ul>一、强调探究过程 注重知识整合 Stress on probing process and knowledge conformity
  7. 7. <ul><li>在借助计算机进行数理知识整合和学生探索发现方面我们做了很多工作。基本实现了中学数学物理交叉知识点的数学原理和物理表象的整合。 </li></ul><ul><li>In the aspect of conformity between mathematics and physics as well as probing discovery by using computers </li></ul><ul><li>“ 蝴蝶定理的推广”和“椭圆的特殊构造”被全国中小学计算机教育研究中心评为学生发现特别奖,并在《计算机教育通讯》上组织讨论 。 </li></ul><ul><li>“ the Spread of Butterfly Theorem” and “the Special Structure of Ellipse” have been awarded an outstanding prize by the Center of National Primary and Secondary School Computer Science and given a discussion at 《 Computer Teaching Communication 》 . </li></ul>一、强调探究过程 注重知识整合 Stress on probing process and knowledge conformity
  8. 8. <ul><li>把电脑变成 点石成金的金手指 而不仅满足于一块金子是我对 CAI 的体会。 </li></ul><ul><li>My experience about CAI is that one will not be satisfied with only a piece of gold but with turning computer into a gold finger which can change stone into gold. </li></ul>一、强调探究过程 注重知识整合 Stress on probing process and knowledge conformity
  9. 9. 二、突出 动态过程 培养创造思维 Stress on Dynamic Process and Cultivate Creative thinking <ul><li>“ 热情与好奇”是人赖以生存的两大因素。超常儿童对待新事物有强烈的好奇心和求知欲且富于想象,而这恰恰是创造力发展的基础 ---- 创新素质 ,也正是需要我们通过教学加以保护和培养的。 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Enthusiasm and Curiosity” are two important factors in human being, especially in those supernormal children who possess great imagination and intense curiosity. These characteristics need protection and development through teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>借助电脑的高速运算,通过参数的连续变化,使原来抽象的数学表达和模糊的物理理解变成形象直观的动态图景,这往往可以启发学生 问题、想象和猜想 ,从而激发创造性思维。 </li></ul><ul><li>Computers’ high speed calculation and continuous changes of reference numbers make the abstract math expression and vague physical understanding become a vivid, direct, dynamic picture which can inspire students to ask questions, arouse their imagination and guessing in order to enlighten their creative thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>二、突出 动态过程 培养创造思维 Stress on Dynamic Process and Cultivate Creative thinking </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>在电脑提供的 动态、开放、交互 的环境中,学生的思考得到及时反馈,通过学生的 动手实践总 会有新的发现,从而使好奇心和求知欲得到满足和加强。 </li></ul><ul><li>Under the dynamic, open and cooperative condition, student’s thinking can get feed back quickly. New discoveries will always be made by their practice, so their curiosity and desire for knowledge will be satisfied. </li></ul><ul><li>二、突出 动态过程 培养创造思维 Stress on Dynamic Process and Cultivate Creative thinking </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>个人的见解 是教学过程中最希望得到的。儿童主要是借助想象进行创造的,教师要乐于听取学生的不同意见,有接受不同意见的雅量。对于学生的猜想 暂缓批判 ,在选修课上创设了“ 异想天开 ”和“ 伪科学 ”探索栏目 </li></ul><ul><li>What is expected in class is each individual’s opinion. Children take advantage of imagination for creation. Teachers are supposed to accept different opinions and should not give critical comment on their guesses. </li></ul><ul><li>尊重学生从尊重他们的想法和作品开始! </li></ul><ul><li>If one respects students, she should respect their ideas and works. </li></ul><ul><li>二、突出 动态过程 培养创造思维 Stress on Dynamic Process and Cultivate Creative thinking </li></ul>
  13. 13. 三、重视原型启发 实现概括迁移 Stress on Original Shape to Realize Generalization Transformation <ul><li>知识在于 积累 ,有积累才有创新,创新不是“无中生有”,而是“ 推陈出新 ”。 </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge lies in accumulation which in turn produce creativity which does not come from nothing but from “weeding through the old to bring forth the new.” </li></ul><ul><li>心理学的研究表明创新同样需要 原型 的启发。 </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological research reveal that creativity needs original shape also. </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>几年的实践积累正丰富着的“ 数理知识资源库 ”为学生提供了大量的原型范例。实践表明一些新奇的范例经常会撞击出学生创造性思维的火花。 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mathematics and Physics Resource Warehouse” provides students with lots of original shapes. Practice shows that some new and ingenious examples will result in creative thinking sparks. </li></ul><ul><li>三、重视原型启发 实现概括迁移 Stress on Original Shape to Realize Generalization Transformation </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>概括 精神是科学技术进步的重要理性动力。 </li></ul><ul><li>Generalization spirit is an important rational power in science and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>电脑软件提供的环境中介使数学的表达更为直接。学生容易总结出概括化的原理,让学生在 动态直观开放 的环境中去观察和实践原理,从而实现创新能力的 迁移 。 </li></ul><ul><li>Students can summarize generalized principle easily so that their ability to generalize and summarize has been improved. Meanwhile, let them make use of principle transformation and observe and put theory into practice under the dynamic, direct, open environment so as to realize the creativity transformation. </li></ul><ul><li>三、重视原型启发 实现概括迁移 Stress on Original Shape to Realize Generalization Transformation </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>“ 为迁移而教 ”的思想应该渗透到每一项教学活动中去。蝴蝶定理的再推广的论文《蝴蝶齐飞》就是在范例《广义蝴蝶定理》的启发下概括总结的,而这一能力在“特殊振动的合成”、“三角形各心轨迹”的研究等方面得到了很好的迁移。 </li></ul><ul><li>There are many examples of generalization transformation in mathematics and physics probing class. The dissertation 《 Butterfly Fly Together 》 comes from the example of 《 Generalized Butterfly Theorem 》 . This ability has been fully transformed in the research on “Peculiar Vibration Combination” and “Triangle Each canter C Locus”. </li></ul><ul><li>三、重视原型启发 实现概括迁移 Stress on Original Shape to Realize Generalization Transformation </li></ul>
  17. 17. 四、 发挥网络优势 开展专题研究 Bring Network into Play and Begin Specialized Research <ul><li>电脑的应用已经对传统的教学产生冲击,而英特网的发展正引发教育的革命,它正成为我们学习的 第二空间 。 </li></ul><ul><li>Computer has been a shock to traditional teaching method. The development of interest has caused education revolution and it has become the second class. </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>技术的发展正改变实践的具体内涵。计算机在这里不仅仅是一个“展台”,更是 思维实践的场所 。计算机网络操作技能的意义超越了一种工具技能而是一种 社会实践的基本能力 。 </li></ul><ul><li>The development of the technique has been changing the concrete connotation of science. Computer is not only an exhibition stage but also a site of practical thinking. The meaning of computer network operation skill goes beyond a tool but a basic social practice ability. </li></ul><ul><li>四、 发挥网络优势 开展专题研究 Bring Network into Play and Begin Specialized Research </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>电脑加网络的学习环境使学生活动具 可选择性 。通过 资料查询、合作学习、探究发现、网络发布 等开展的“小科研”活动,有助于培养学生自我监控和独立学习的能力。 </li></ul><ul><li>Computer and network give students a chance to choose . The minor scientific activities such as gathering material, co-operative study, probing discovery and network issues have help students guide themselves and a study independently. The abundance exchanges of study materials will do good to self-guidance, </li></ul><ul><li>四、 发挥网络优势 开展专题研究 Bring Network into Play and Begin Specialized Research </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>学习材料的 丰富性 和 交互性 有助于自我指导从而实现知识内容和结构的 动态丰富 。同时我们也体验到“ 群件 ” --- 一种开放、合作课件开发的必要性。 </li></ul><ul><li>realizing content and structure abundance of knowledge At the same time, we could undergo the experience of “group-software” a necessity of open and co-operative soft-ware development. </li></ul><ul><li>基于 信息技术 的专题研究将成为信息社会创新教育的一个重要特征 . </li></ul><ul><li>The monographic subject research based on modern technique will become an important characteristics of information society. </li></ul><ul><li>四、 发挥网络优势 开展专题研究 Bring Network into Play and Begin Specialized Research </li></ul>
  21. 21. 五、 珍视创造成果 师生互为主体 Cherish creative findings and both students and instructors as principal part <ul><li>教育即是自由 ,“呼唤人的主体精神是当代时代精神的最核心的内容” 》叶澜 Education means freedom. “Calling for human being’s main spirit has become the canter of our times.” </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>学生以研究者的身份参与包括发现探索在内的获得知识的全过程,教师不是知识的灌输者,教师不是知识的灌输者,而是学生的 激发者、培养者和欣赏者 。 </li></ul><ul><li>What is student’s first duty? The answer is brief: to be himself. Teachers should not imbue knowledge into students but motivate, develop and appreciate them. </li></ul><ul><li>五、 珍视创造成果 师生互为主体 Cherish creative findings and both students and instructors as principal part </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>师生关系的比喻有“一桶水和一杯水”,也有“一条小溪与一杯水”,但都只强调教师对于学生的单向给予,而忽视了学生的能动性。我更欣赏“灯芯和煤油”的比喻,从某种程度上教师更依赖于学生。 </li></ul><ul><li>Modern information technique has changed the role of teach a cup of water”, and “a small stream and a cup of water”. I prefer “lamp wick and kerosene”. To some extent teachers depend on students. </li></ul><ul><li>五、 珍视创造成果 师生互为主体 Cherish creative findings and both students and instructors as principal part </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>人们的思维和行为的模式正由“主客模式”向“ 互主体模式 ”转变,教学相长,学生也是老师,“ 向学生学习 ”是一种时代的新理念。 </li></ul><ul><li>Modern interpretation science said that the thinking and behavior modes, have been changing from “subject-object” to mutual “subject-subject” relationship. Learning from students is a new ideal. </li></ul><ul><li>选修课上学生的“创意火花”往往可以带给老师启发,许多问题的解决都是师生共同完成的结果。 </li></ul><ul><li>Students’ “creative sparks” in the optional courses can often bring arousal to teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>五、 珍视创造成果 师生互为主体 Cherish creative findings and both students and instructors as principal part </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>未来社会是学习化的开放社会,人们面临越来越多的选择和自主决策,学生通过在开放的教学环境中 选择 自己的学习内容和方式,获得不同的发展,从而学会如何面对自由。 </li></ul><ul><li>Optional courses focus not only on probing into mathematics sand physics knowledge and making preparation for students’ grasping informational technology, but also on cultivation of students’ comprehensive qualities. </li></ul>六、培养现代意识 加速社会化进程 Developing modern consciousness and accelerating socializing advancement <ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>促进学生的全面发展和提高学生 综合素质 是教育的核心。“ 一个木桶的盛水量不是由最长的决定,而取决于最差和最短的那块桶板。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>Education is a systematic project, “What is the aim of education? Only to make people different.” To promote the all-round development and improve the comprehensive qualities is the core of education. How much water a barrel can contain doesn’t depend on the longest board but on the shortest one. </li></ul>六、培养现代意识 加速社会化进程 Developing modern consciousness and accelerating socializing advancement
  27. 27. <ul><li>开放的态度是征服世界的要素,知识的本身应该包含它的 传播 。学生把选修课上的发现、疑问建立了各种网站。比如论文专题网站,班级网站等等,我的学生还通过英特网和新加坡的学生合作完成题目并在新获大奖。 </li></ul><ul><li>The open attitude is the factor to conquer the world and the knowledge itself should in solve its spreading. Computers and internets make it convenient and quick to communicate and spread knowledge. Students put their findings and doubts from the optional courses on the web, for example, web site on the special subjects in internet my students cooperated with the students from sing a pore and worked out the subject, and in the end they won a prize in sing a pore. The net is limitless and the future society will be a multi-cultured society. There fore, “to be a Chinese in the world” is an expectation for the supernormal children. </li></ul>六、培养现代意识 加速社会化进程 Developing modern consciousness and accelerating socializing advancement
  28. 28. <ul><li>目前我的课程整合实验仅限于数学、物理和计算机 , 是学科综合的尝试和开端。 </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays my experiment on course conformity is limited to mathematics, physics and computer, and it is the beginning and attempt to synthesize subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>借助电脑通过参数的连续变化实现知识理解的动态图景 , 借助网络化学习( E-Learning )实现知识丰富动态结构 ,在计算机和网络提供的开放的环境中,学生自主、合作、“实践”的学习方式,有利于超常儿童创新素质的培养。也为一般的教育提供借鉴。 By means of computer the dynamic pictures are used to comprehend knowledge through the continual change of reference number. By means of E-learning the dynamic structures are used to enrich knowledge. In the open circumstances computers and internets create, the study method of self-reliance, cooperation and “practice” helps to cultivate supernormal children’s qualities and is made use of by ordinary education.
  30. 30. <ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>“ 动态开放 ”环境进一步完善和学生主体性的更好发挥是今后工作的研究方向。 the future research will be directed to further perfect “dynamic open circumstances” and give better play to the main body of student.
  31. 31. <ul><li>人 是教育的根本, </li></ul><ul><li>创新 是教育的目标, </li></ul><ul><li>实践 是创新的基础。 </li></ul><ul><li>动态开放环境下的数理综合探究课 </li></ul>Humans are the basic of education, creation is the goal of education and practice is the foundation of creation.
  32. 32. 中国沈阳 · 东北育才学校

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