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International organisations



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  • 1. UNITED NATIONS • The United Nations (abbreviated UN in English, and ONU in French and Spanish), is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. • The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.
  • 2. • There are 193 member states, including every internationally recognized sovereign state in the world but Vatican City. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. • The organization has six principal organs:
  • 3. SIX PRINCIPAL ORGANS: • General Assembly • Security Council • Economic and Social Council • Secretariat for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); • International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ) • United Nations Trusteeship Council
  • 4. OTHER PROMINENT UN SYSTEM: • World Health Organization • World Food Programme (W F P ) • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • 5. UN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL - FOR GLOBAL ECONOMICAL AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS - • responsible for cooperation between states on economic and social fields (raising the general standard of living, solve economic, social and health problems, promotion of human rights, culture and education, as well as humanitarian aid) • therefore it has established numerous functional and regional commissions • also coordinates the cooperation with the numerous specialized agencies of the United Nations • has 54 members, who are elected by the UN General Assembly to serve staggered three-year mandates
  • 6. INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE - UNIVERSAL COURT FOR INTERNATIONAL LAW (BASED IN THE HAGUE) - • decides disputes between states that recognize its jurisdiction and creates legal opinions • the 15 judges are elected by the UN General Assembly for nine years. It renders judgement with relative majority • parties on the ICJ can only be countries, however no international organizations and other subjects of international law (not to be confused with the ICC)