INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL
• Economic interdependence
• Forms of international Business:
• 1. trade: exporting and importing
• 2. international licensing of technology
• 3. foreign direct investment
• International law is the set of rules generally
regarded and accepted as binding in relations
between states and nations.
• It serves as the indispensable framework for the
practice of stable and organized international
• International law differs from national legal
systems in that it primarily concerns nations rather
than private citizens.
• International law is consent-based governance.
• This means that a state member of the international
community is not obliged to abide by international
law unless it has expressly consented to a particular
course of conduct.
• This is an issue of state sovereignty.
THE TERM "INTERNATIONAL LAW"
CAN REFER TO THREE DISTINCT LEGAL
• Public international law, which governs the relationship
between provinces and international entities. Conduct of
nations in their relationship with each other and with
individuals. Eg resolving territorial or boundary disputes.
includes these legal fields: treaty law, law of sea, international
criminal law, the laws of war or international humanitarian
law and international human rights law.
• Private international law, or conflict of laws, which addresses
the questions of (1) which jurisdiction may hear a case, and
(2) the law concerning which jurisdiction applies to the issues
in the case. Eg sales contracts, international shipping
• Supranational law or the law
of supranational organizations, which concerns regional
agreements where the laws of nation states may be held
inapplicable when conflicting with a supranational legal
system when that nation has a treaty obligation to a
THE TWO TRADITIONAL BRANCHES OF THE
• jus gentium — law of nations
• jus inter gentes — agreements between nations
SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
• 1. Primary source
• 2. Secondary source
• Primary source:
• (a) international treaties and conventions
• (b) international custom or customary law
• (c) the general principles of law recognized by civilized
• Secondary source:
• (a) Judicial decisions of international courts and tribunals.
• (b) Scholarly writings: teachings of highly qualified jurists of
• (c) annual surveys published by international law societies in
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