Factor influencing ihrm

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Factor influencing ihrm

  1. 1. StudsPlanet Leading Education consultant in India www.StudsPlanet.com
  2. 2. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-2 International Business Environments and Operations, 13/e Global Edition Part 6 Managing International Operations
  3. 3. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-3 Chapter 20 Human Resource Management
  4. 4. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-4 Chapter Objectives • To discuss the importance of human resource management • To profile the staffing frameworks used by MNEs • To explain the types and competencies of expatriates • To examine how MNEs select, prepare, compensate, and retain expatriates • To profile MNEs’ relations with organized labor
  5. 5. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-5 Human Resource Management • Human resource management refers to activities that staff the organization. • HRM and the Global Company – HRM is more difficult for the international company than its domestic counterpart due to • Environmental differences • Organizational challenges
  6. 6. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-6 Factors Influencing HRM in International Business
  7. 7. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-7 The Strategic Function of International HRM • Strategizing HRM • The Perspective of Expatriates • HRM Frameworks in the MNE
  8. 8. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-8 The Perspective of Expatriates • Trends in Expatriate Assignment • The Young, The Old, and The Restless • The Impact of Market Disruption
  9. 9. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-9 HRM Frameworks in the MNE • Three perspectives anchor an MNE’s staffing policy: – Ethnocentrism – Polycentricism – Geocentricism
  10. 10. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-10 Managing Expatriates • Selecting Expatriates • Expatriate Failure • Preparing Expatriates • Compensating Expatriates • Repatriating Expatriates
  11. 11. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-11 Selecting Expatriates • Technical Competence • Adaptiveness – Self-Maintenance – Satisfactory Relationships with Host Nationals – Sensitivity to Host Environments • Leadership Ability
  12. 12. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-12 Expatriate Failure • Costs of Failure • Preventing Failure – Dealing with Adjustment and Stress
  13. 13. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-13 Preparing Expatriates • Focusing on Adaptiveness and Related Characteristics – General Country Understanding – Cultural Sensitivity – Practical Skills – Approaches: Specialized Knowledge versus Cultural Sensitivity
  14. 14. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-14 Compensating Expatriates • The Pay-Performance Link • Types of Compensation Plans – Home Based, Headquarter Based, and Host Based Methods • Complications Posed by Nationality Differences
  15. 15. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-15 Key Aspects of Expatriate Compensation • In designing compensation packages for expatriates, HRM considers the following topics – Base Salary – Foreign Service Premium – Allowances – Fringe Benefits – Tax Differentials
  16. 16. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-16 Repatriating Expatriates • Returning home from a foreign assignment, the act of repatriation, is fraught with difficulties. • Readjustment to Home Country Organization • Changes in Personal Finances • Readjusting to Life • Managing Repatriation
  17. 17. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-17 International Labor Relations • How Labor Sees MNEs • How Labor Responds to the MNE • Labor’s Struggle: Barriers to International Unanimity
  18. 18. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-18 Future: Which Countries Will Have the Jobs of the Future? • Worker populations will grow faster in developing countries • Wealthier countries will continue to grow in the number of retirees • Adjustments for developed economies: – Nationalism – Men versus Machines – Brains: Drains, Recycle, or Halt
  19. 19. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education 20-19 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Printed in the United States of America.

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