Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Export measues
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Export measues

49

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
49
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. www.StudsPlanet.com 1 FOREIGN TRADE POLICY, 2009-14
  • 2. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION India’s Foreign Trade Current Economic Crisis Foreign Trade Policy – Components and Schemes Foreign Trade Policy – New Initiatives Role of CAs in trade facilitation as in FTP www.StudsPlanet.com 2
  • 3. INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE In the last five years, robust growth in merchandise exports From US$ 63 billion in 2003-04 to US $ 185 billion in 2008-09. Share of global trade (WTO estimates): 2003 2008 Merchandise trade 0.83% 1.45% Commercial Services exports 1.4% 2.8% Goods & Services Trade 0.92% 1.64% www.StudsPlanet.com 3
  • 4. INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE EXPORTS & IMPORTS (FIGURES IN US$ BILLION) Year Export Target Actual Export % Growth Imports % Growth 2004-05 75 83.53 30.8 111.52 42.7 2005-06 100 103.09 23.4 149.17 33.8 2006-07 125 126.26 22.5 185.60 24.4 2007-08 160 162.90 29.0 235.9 27.0 2008-09 175 (Revised) 185.29 13.6 287.76 14.3 2009-10 (April-Oct’09)* 91.05 146.77 www.StudsPlanet.com 4
  • 5. IMPACT ON INDIAN EXPORTS (FIGURES IN US$ BILLION) Period 2007-08* (US $ Billion) 2008-09**(US $ Billion) Increase(+) / Decrease (-) April- Sept. 73.558 108.907 + 48.1 October 14.675 14.131 -3.7 November 12.909 11.163 -13.5 December 14.625 13..368 -8.6 January 2009 14.889 12.869 -13.6 February 15.221 11..941 -21.5 March 17.254 12..916 -25.1 April’ 08 to March’ 09 163.13 185.295 +13.6 Month 2008-09@ 2009-10 Increase(+) / Decrease (-) April 2009 18.460 11.909 -35.5 May 18.687 11.368 -39.2 June 19.181 13.059 -31.9 July 19.030 13.623 -28.4 August 17.759 14.289 -19.5 September 15.789 13.608 -13.8 www.StudsPlanet.com 5
  • 6. DECLINE IN EXPORTS www.StudsPlanet.com 6 Impact on Indian exports: •Suffered a decline in the last 11 months since October 2008. •April - September 2009 exports show a decline of 28.5% (in $ terms) and 18.6% (in Rupee terms) vis-à-vis last year. Employment intensive sectors have been severely affected. Tea (-37.2%), Spices (-27.8%), Cashew (-27.5%), Oil-meals (- 42.9%) Iron-ore (-29.5%), Leather and Leather Manf. (-26.6%), Gems & Jewellery (-28%), Basic Chemicals (-26.9%), Engineering Goods (-32.1%), Electronic Goods (-32.2%). Cotton Yarn /Fabrics /Made-ups (-31.5%), Jute Mfg. incl. Floor Covering (-39.8%), Carpets (-29.8%), Handicrafts (-29.8%), Petroleum Products (-43.1%), Plastics & Linoleum (-23.2%).
  • 7. REASONS FOR EXPORT DECLINE Major Hurdles faced by Indian Exporters: Unprecedented Rupee Appreciation by about 12% in the year 2007-08; Global Economic Slowdown and Recession in Developed Economies during 2008-09 and its impact. High Interest Rates Non-availability of trade credit Withdrawal of GSP Benefits by US on certain products such as Gems and Jewellery items, certain leather products etc. Ban on exports of certain food products since 2007. High Incentives provided by some of the countries like China, Bangladesh etc. www.StudsPlanet.com 7
  • 8. Apprehension of severe downturn in November 2008  Series of stimulus measures announced o Fiscal incentives o Monetary liberalization www.StudsPlanet.com 8
  • 9. MEASURES TAKEN BY GOVT. AND RBI  Measures taken by the Government: • Interest subvention of 2% extended till 31.3.2010, to labour intensive sectors for exports:- Textiles (including Handlooms), Handicrafts, Carpet, Leather, Gems & Jewellery, Marine Products and SMEs; • Continuation of Duty Entitlement Passbook (DEPB) Scheme upto 31st December, 2010; • Restoration of DEPB rates for all items where they were reduced in November, 2008 and increase in Duty Drawback rates on certain items effective from 1st September, 2008; • DEPB and Freely transferable Incentive Schemes allowed without the initial requirement of BRC; www.StudsPlanet.com 9
  • 10. STIMULUS PACKAGE – KEY FEATURES • CENVAT reduced from 14 per cent to 8 per cent • Service tax reduced from 12 percent to 10 per cent • Additional Plan expenditure for critical rural & infrastructure schemes • Monetary policy measures  Repo rate reduced from 9 percent to 4.75 per cent  Reverse repo rate reduced from 6 per cent to 3.25 percent  CRR reduced from 9 percent to 5 percent • Large program for construction of affordable housing announced • Assistance under the JNNURM for the purchase of buses for their urban transport systems. • Accelerated depreciation of 50 percent for commercial vehicles • Removal of ban on Government departments for replacement of vehicleswww.StudsPlanet.com 10
  • 11. MEASURES TAKEN BY GOVT. AND RBI (CONTD…) • Back-up guarantee of Rs.350 crores made available to ECGC to provide guarantees for exports to difficult markets / products; • Additional funds of Rs 350 crore provided to cover handicraft items etc. in Vishesh Krishi and Gram Udyog Yojana (VKGUY); • Market Linked Focus Product Scheme extended for bicycle parts, Motor Cars and Motor Cycles, Apparels and Clothing accessories, Auto Components etc. • Additional Rs 1100 crore provided to ensure full refund of claims of CST / Terminal Excise duty /Duty drawback. • Additional funds of Rs 1400 crore provided for textile sector to clear the backlog claims of TUF; • Export duty on iron ore fines eliminated, and for lumps, reduced to 5%; • Some pending issues relating to Service Tax refund on exports resolved. www.StudsPlanet.com 11
  • 12. MEASURES TAKEN BY GOVT. AND RBI (CONTD…) • A Committee constituted under the Chairmanship of Finance Secretary to fast track resolution of procedural issues. Secretaries of Department of Revenue and Commerce other Members of the Committee;  Measures taken by RBI: • Increase in Liquidity to the banks for improving credit flow by reduction of CRR from 9% to 5%, SLR reduced from 25% to 24%; Repo rate from 7.5% to 4.75% and Reverse Repo rate from 6% to 3.25%. • Refinance facility to the EXIM Bank for Rs. 5000 crores for providing pre-shipment and post-shipment credit. • Increase in FOREX Liquidity • Easing of Credit Terms by Enhancing the period of pre- shipment and post-shipment Rupee Export Credit by 90 days each, Increasing the time period of export realization for non-status holder exporters to 12 months etc.www.StudsPlanet.com 12
  • 13. INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE MAJOR EXPORT DESTINATIONS Country 2008-09 ($ bn) % share in Total 1 USA 19.7 12% 2 United Arab Emirates 17.8 11% 3 China 8.5 5% 4 Singapore 7.6 5% 5 Hong Kong 6.4 4% 6 United Kingdom 6.2 4% 7 Germany 5.9 4% 8 Netherlands 5.9 4% 9 Saudi Arabia 4.8 3% 10 Belgium 4.3 3% www.StudsPlanet.com 13
  • 14. INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE MAJOR IMPORT COMMODITIES Commodity 2008-09 ($ bn) % share in Total 1 Petroleum, Crude and products 93.1 32.36% 2 Machinery, Electrical and non-electrical 24.3 8.44% 3 Electronic goods 21.5 7.48% 4 Gold and silver 19.5 6.76% 5 Fertilizer, crude and manufactured 13.6 4.72% 6 Pearls, precious and semi-precious 12.8 4.44% 7 Organic and inorganic chemicals 12.8 4.43% 8 Coal, coke and briquettes 10.5 3.64% 9 Iron & Steel 9.5 3.30% 10 Metaliferrous ores and metal scrap 8.3 2.89% www.StudsPlanet.com 14
  • 15. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY 2009-14 Short Term Objectives: • To arrest and reverse the declining trend of exports; and • To provide additional support to those sectors which have been hit badly by recession in the Developed World. Medium term Policy Objectives : • To achieve an Annual Export growth of 15% with an Annual Export Target of US$ 200 billion by March 2011. • To achieve an Annual Export growth of around 25% by 2014. • To double India’s exports of goods and services by 2014. Long Term Objective : • To double India’s share in Global Trade by 2020. www.StudsPlanet.com 15
  • 16. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY IMPORT / EXPORT CONTROLS Import: • Around 5% Tariff Lines are under Import Controls. • 11600 Tariff Lines are free for import. • Almost total control on imports in 1991, • Restrictions removed over the next 10 years, removing almost all the Quantitative Restrictions. • Presently:  Prohibited items - 53 Lines  Restricted items - 485 Lines  State Trading Items - 33 Lines. www.StudsPlanet.com 16
  • 17. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY IMPORT / EXPORT CONTROLS Exports • Controls primarily on account of security, public health, public morals, exhaustible resources and environment grounds. Prohibited items - 59 Restricted items - 155 State Trading Items - 12. • Restrictions fall under two Categories Dual Use Items (SCOMET items) – Special provision for these items under Weapons of Mass Destruction Act, 2005. General Trading Items - Export Facilitation Committee looks into applications for license for these items. www.StudsPlanet.com 17
  • 18. www.StudsPlanet.com 18 CENTRAL DUTIES: CUSTOMS DUTY—Basic, Addl customs (CVD including 4% Addl. duty, Education Cess, Anti- dumping, Safeguard duties etc. EXCISE DUTY--- Basic, Addl Excise duty etc. CENTRAL SALES TAX (CST) SERVICE TAX EXPORT CESS INCOME TAX [Exemption for SEZs ;EOUs (upto 31.3.2011) FBT (Withdrawn) OTHERS: ELECTRICITY DUTY, SALES TAX, OCTROI, etc. GST-- Implications
  • 19. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY SCHEMES FOR DUTY EXEMPTION/REMISSION Principle - Goods and Services are to be exported and not the Taxes and Levies. Purpose: Procure inputs and capital goods without the component of Central Indirect Taxes & Levies Pre Export Schemes : 1. For Inputs: Advance Authorisation Scheme Duty Free Import Authorisation (DFIA) Scheme Schemes for Gems & Jewellery Sector 2. For Capital Goods: Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) Scheme Post Export Schemes : Duty Entitlement Pass Book (DEPB) Duty Drawback Scheme Terminal Excise Duty (TED) Refund www.StudsPlanet.com 19
  • 20. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY SCHEMES FOR DUTY EXEMPTION/REMISSION Advance Authorization Scheme • For making available duty free Inputs required to manufacture the export product. • Inputs allowed as per Standard Input Output Norms and with Actual User condition • Facility available for Physical exports (including supplies to SEZ units & SEZ Developers), deemed exports and Intermediate supplies. • Minimum 15% V.A. • Time period for import & export • Penalty clauses  2008-09 – 19,146 authorizations issued for CIF value of Rs. 1,04,333 crores www.StudsPlanet.com 20
  • 21. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY SCHEMES FOR DUTY EXEMPTION/REMISSION Duty Free Import Authorisation (DFIA) Scheme made operational from 1.5.06. • This was introduced to facilitate transfer of the authorisation or the inputs imported, once export is completed • Minimum 20% value addition stipulated. • Based on SION • 22 sensitive items • Validity – similar to advance authorisation • Sectors availing  2008-09 – 3,815 authorizations issued for CIF value of Rs. 8,779 crores www.StudsPlanet.com 21
  • 22. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY SCHEMES FOR DUTY EXEMPTION/REMISSION Duty Entitlement Passbook Scheme (DEPB) • Post Exports scheme to neutralize the Basic customs duty on inputs. • Post export Freely transferable Duty Credit Scrips issued at notified percentage of FOB value of Exports.  Duty Credit Scrips used for payment of customs duty on imports  DEPB rates notified for 2137 items • Most popular scheme • DEPB on pre realisation and post realisation • Validity • Usability • Sectors availing  2008-09 – 1,12,764 DEPB scrips issued for duty credit worth Rs.7,713 crores. www.StudsPlanet.com 22
  • 23. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY SCHEMES FOR DUTY EXEMPTION/REMISSION Gems & Jewellery Scheme Duty Free Procurement of precious metal (Gold / Silver / Platinum) from the nominated agencies either in advance or as replenishment. Duty Drawback scheme notified Duty Free Import of Consumables for export production upto a specified percentage of FOB value of previous years’ export. www.StudsPlanet.com 23
  • 24. PROMOTIONAL MEASURES/ INCENTIVE SCHEMES • Vishesh Krishi and Gram Udyog Yojana (VKGUY) • Focus Market Scheme (FMS) • Focus Product Scheme (FPS) • Market Linked Focus Product Scheme (MLFPS) • Served From India Scheme (SFIS) www.StudsPlanet.com 24
  • 25. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY PROMOTIONAL MEASURES/ INCENTIVE SCHEMES Vishesh Krishi & Gram Udyog Yojana (VKGUY) • To promote exports of : (i) Agricultural Produce and their value added products; (ii) Minor Forest Produce and their value added variants; (iii) Gram Udyog Products; (iv) Forest Based Products; and (v) Other Products, as notified from time to time. • VKGUY benefits are granted with an aim to compensate high transport costs, and to offset other disadvantages. • Duty Credit Scrip benefits, at 5% of FOB value of exports; Lower rate of 3% when specific DEPB/ Drawback more than 1% /Advance Authorisation benefit availed; Additional 2% provided for a few items. • 2008-09 - Duty credit scrips issued under VKGUY Rs.2676 croreswww.StudsPlanet.com 25
  • 26. FOCUS MARKET SCHEME • Objective is to offset high freight cost and other externalities to select international markets with a view to diversify the markets and to enhance India’s export competitiveness in these countries. • Currently 109 markets have been notified; • Exports of all products (except some in-eligible items / categories) to notified countries entitled for Duty Credit Scrips equivalent to 3 % of FOB value of exports. • Pre realisation & post realisation • Validity • Utility • 2008-09 - Duty credit scrips issued under FMSRs.347 crores www.StudsPlanet.com 26
  • 27. FOCUS PRODUCT SCHEME • Objective is to incentivise export of such products which have high export intensity / employment potential, so as to offset infrastructure inefficiencies and other associated costs involved in marketing of these products. • Exports of notified products to all countries entitled for Duty Credit scrip equivalent to 2 % of FOB value of exports. • Currently over 1000 Products (at 8 digit level) covered under FPS. • Validity • Utility • 2008-09 - Duty credit scrips issued under FPS Rs 215 crores. www.StudsPlanet.com 27
  • 28. MARKET LINKED FOCUS PRODUCT SCHEME (MLFPS) • To promote exports of products of high export intensity but which have a low penetration in countries; • Export of Products/Sectors of high export intensity / employment potential (which are not covered under present FPS List) would be incentivized at 2 % of FOB value of exports. • Validity • Utility • Currently over 1550 products (at 8 digit level) covered under MLFPS. www.StudsPlanet.com 28
  • 29. SERVED FROM INDIA SCHEME (SFIS) • To accelerate growth in export of Services to create a powerful and unique “Served from India” Brand; • All service providers (except a few ineligible sectors / services) entitled to duty credit scrips equivalent to 10 % of free foreign exchange earned during the year; • Validity • Utility • Actual User  2008-09 – 785 SFIS scrips issued for duty credit worth Rs.736 crores. www.StudsPlanet.com 29
  • 30. SCHEMES FOR TECHNOLOGICAL UPGRADATION • Export Promotion Capital goods Scheme (EPCG) • Status Holders Incentive Scrip (SHIS) www.StudsPlanet.com 30
  • 31. EXPORT PROMOTION CAPITAL GOODS (EPCG) SCHEME • Import of capital goods for modernization and technological upgradation at a concessional import duty of 3% and at Zero duty for certain export sectors (against normal basic customs duty of 5% to 7.5%) • Zero Duty Scheme valid for specified sectors and till 31.3.2011. • Export obligation: Block-wise E.O. monitoring; Specific E.O.:- Subject to export obligation of 8 times duty saved over 8 years (3% duty scheme) and 6 times duty saved over 6 years (zero duty scheme); Exceptions for Small scale, tiny industries, agri sector etc. Average E.O.:- Exemption to certain sectors. E.O. extension: EPCG committee Physical, deemed and Third party exports • Penalty clauses • 2008-09 - 19,931 authorisations issued for duty saved amount Rs.17,038 crores www.StudsPlanet.com 31
  • 32. STATUS HOLDERS INCENTIVE SCRIP • With an objective to promote investment for upgradation of technology of specified sectors Status Holders shall be entitled to incentive scrip @1% of FOB value of exports in those sectors made during 2009-10 and during 2010-11, in the form of duty credit scrip. • Mutually exclusive with EPCG www.StudsPlanet.com 32
  • 33. EXPORT ORIENTED UNITS (EOUS), ELECTRONICS HARDWARE TECHNOLOGY PARKS (EHTPS), SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY PARKS (STPS) AND BIO- TECHNOLOGY PARKS (BTPS) EOUs are permitted for manufacture of goods including repair, remaking, reconditioning, re- engineering and rendering of services. Trading activity is not permitted. Duty free imports of all inputs. Exemption from Income Tax under Section 10 B (presently extended till 31.3.2011.) Refund of Central Sales Tax (CST) paid on supply of goods from Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) to EOU. 50% of FOB value of exports allowed to be sold in the DTA on payment of concessional duty (50%). EOUs have to be a positive net foreign exchange earner. NFE is to be achieved cumulatively in a block of 5 years. www.StudsPlanet.com 33
  • 34. DEEMED EXPORT DRAWBACK / TERMINAL EXCISE DUTY REFUND Supply of goods manufactured by Domestic Units to certain authorisation holders / recognised projects which are otherwise entitled for Duty Free Imports. Purpose is: •Import Substitution. Benefits available in the form of: •Advance Authorisation / DFIA; •Deemed Export Duty Drawback and TED Refund. www.StudsPlanet.com 34
  • 35. www.StudsPlanet.com 35 AGREEMENT ON SUBSIDIES AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES PROHIBITED SUBSIDIES: A) CONTINGENT UPON EXPORT PERFORMANCE B) CONTINGENT UPON THE USE OF DOMESTIC OVER IMPORTED GOODS (IMPORT SUBSTITUTION SUBSIDY)--. EXCEPTION: FOOT NOTE 61 OF ANNEX II TO THE AGREEMENT: EXEMPTION OR REMISSION OF DUTY (INDIRECT TAX) ON THE INPUTS (WHICH ARE PHYSICALLY INCORPORATED) OR OIL, FUEL, ENERGY, CATALYST USED IN THE EXPORT PRODUCTION PERMITTED.
  • 36. www.StudsPlanet.com 36 AGREEMENT RECOGNISES THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF SUBSIDIES IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND TRANSFORMATION OF CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMIES TO MARKET CONDITIONS. LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES HAVING LESS THAN US$ 1000 PER CAPITA GNP ARE EXEMPTED FROM DISCIPLINE OF PROHIBITED SUBSIDIES. PROHIBITED SUBSIDIES: (Exceptions)
  • 37. www.StudsPlanet.com 37 --PROHIBITION NOT APPLICABLE TO ANNEX VII COUNTRIES WHICH INCLUDES INDIA PROVIDED “EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS” IN A PRODUCT NOT REACHED; (EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS –EXPORT OF THE PRODUCT REACHED A SHARE OF AT LEAST 3.25% IN WORLD TRADE OF THAT PRODUCT FOR TWO CONSECUTIVE CALENDAR YEARS– PHASE OUT OVER A PERIOD OF 8 YEARS) --HOWEVER EXPORT SUBSIDIES GRANTED BY ANNEX VII COUNTRIES CAN BE SUBJECT TO COUNTERVAILING DUTY ACTION. ASCM and DISCIPLINE ON EXPORT SUBSIDIES -Export subsidies generally prohibited
  • 38. ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE (EDI) INITIATIVES • One of the first Government Departments to enable online processing of applications. • DGFT website updated on daily basis. • All DGFT Offices computerised and networked to the DGFT – NIC Server. • Applications for Export / Import are made online with digital signature and Electronic Fund Transfer Facility. www.StudsPlanet.com 38
  • 39. HOME PAGE OF DGFT WEBSITE www.StudsPlanet.com 39 (return to Next slide in the Main Presentation)
  • 40. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Higher Support for Market and Product Diversification • 26 new markets added under FMS (16 in Latin America, 10 in Asia-Oceania) • Incentive under FMS raised from 2.5% to 3%. • Incentive under FPS raised from 1.25% to 2%. www.StudsPlanet.com 40
  • 41. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Higher Support for Market and Product Diversification (contd.) • New products under FPS - Engineering products Plastic (value added products), Jute and Sisal products, Technical Textiles, Green Technology products Project goods, vegetable textiles and certain Electronic items. • New products/markets under MLFPS - Pharmaceuticals, Synthetic textile fabrics, value added rubber products, value added plastic goods, textile madeups, knitted and crocheted fabrics, glass products, certain iron and steel products and certain articles of aluminium among others. Benefits to these products will be provided, if exports are made to 13 identified markets (Algeria, Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Brazil, Mexico, Ukraine, Vietnam, Cambodia, Australia and New Zealand). • The above markets also included for existing products i.e. Auto Components, Motor cars, Bicycles & Parts, Apparels. www.StudsPlanet.com 41
  • 42. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Stability/ continuity of the Foreign Trade Policy • DEPB Scheme extended beyond 31-12-2009 till 31.12.2010. • Interest subvention of 2% for pre-shipment credit for 7 specified sectors has been extended till 31.3.2010 in the Budget 2009-10. • Income Tax exemption to 100% EOUs and to STPI units under Section 10B and 10A of Income Tax Act, has been extended for the financial year 2010-11 in the Budget 2009-10. • The adjustment assistance scheme initiated in December, 2008 to provide enhanced ECGC cover at 95%, to the adversely affected sectors, is continued till March, 2010. www.StudsPlanet.com 42
  • 43. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Gems & Jewellery Sector • To neutralize duty incidence on gold Jewellery exports, Duty Drawback to be allowed. • A new facility for import on consignment basis of cut & polished diamonds for the purpose of grading/ certification purposes has been introduced [Branch of Gemological Institute of America (GIA) at Mumbai has been notified for the purpose]. • In an endeavour to make India a diamond international trading hub, plans are to establish “Diamond Bourse (s)”. www.StudsPlanet.com 43
  • 44. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Pharmaceutical Sector • Pharma sector extensively covered under MLFPS for countries in Africa and Latin America; some countries in Oceania and Far East. • Export Obligation Period for advance authorizations issued with 6-APA as input increased from the existing 6 months to 36 months. www.StudsPlanet.com 44
  • 45. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Agriculture Sector • To reduce transaction and handling costs, a single window system to facilitate export of perishable agricultural produce has been introduced. The system will involve creation of multi-functional nodal agencies to be accredited by APEDA. www.StudsPlanet.com 45
  • 46. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Thrust to Value Added Manufacturing • Coverage of Project Exports and a large number of manufactured goods under FPS and MLFPS. • To encourage Value Added Manufactured export, a minimum 15% value addition on imported inputs under Advance Authorization Scheme has now been prescribed. www.StudsPlanet.com 46
  • 47. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Flexibility provided to exporters • Payment of customs duty for Export Obligation (EO) shortfall allowed through debit of Duty Credit scrips. Earlier the payment was allowed in cash only. • Import of restricted items, as replenishment, shall now be allowed against transferred DFIAs. • Time limit of 60 days for re-import of exported gems and jewellery items, for participation in exhibitions extended to 90 days in case of USA. • Transit loss claims received from private approved insurance companies in India allowed for the purpose of EO fulfillment, as against only public sector general insurance companies earlier. www.StudsPlanet.com 47
  • 48. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Waiver of Incentives Recovery, On RBI Specific Write off In cases, where RBI specifically writes off the export proceeds realization, the incentives under the FTP shall now not be recovered from the exporters subject to certification by the Indian missions abroad and the RBI. www.StudsPlanet.com 48
  • 49. FOREIGN TRADE POLICY – 2009-14 NEW INITIATIVES Simplification of Procedures • Exemption from payment of excise duty up to two stages rather than refund, for supply against advance authorisation. Earlier, exemption was allowed upto one stage only. • Greater flexibility for conversion of Shipping Bills from one Export Promotion scheme to other scheme. Customs shall now permit this conversion within three months, instead of one month stipulated earlier. • Regional Authorities authorised to issue licences for import of sports weapons by ‘renowned shooters’, on the basis of NOC from the Ministry of Sports & Youth Affairs. • The procedure for issue of Free Sale Certificate has been simplified and the validity of the Certificate has been increased from 1 year to 2 years. • Automobile industry, having their own R&D establishment, would be allowed free import of reference fuels (petrol and diesel), upto a maximum of 5 KL per annum.www.StudsPlanet.com 49
  • 50. CERTIFICATES / AUTHORISATIONS ISSUED BY REGIONAL OFFICES OF DGFT. • IEC Number • Authorisations under Duty Neutralization Schemes and Export Promotion Schemes (Incentive Schemes) • Import licences for Restricted Items • Export Licences including SCOMET licences • Status Certificates • Preferential (GSP) & Non-preferential certificates of origin • Tariff rate quota allocation • Authorisations for Imports at concessional duty for R& D purpose for Pharmaceuticals and Bio-technology Sectors • Authorisation for Duty Free import of consumables by Gems & Jewellery Sector • Terminal Excise Duty (TED) refund and Duty Drawback on deemed exports www.StudsPlanet.com 50
  • 51. CRITERIA FOR RECOGNITION OF STATUS Status Category Export Performance FOB/FOR Value (Rupees in Crores) Export House (EH) 20 Star Export House (SEH) 100 Trading House (TH) 500 Star Trading House (STH) 2500 Premier Trading House (PTH) 7500 About 4000 Status Holders, including about a dozen PTH. (return to Next slide in the Main Presentation) www.StudsPlanet.com 51
  • 52. www.StudsPlanet.com 52 --STATUS CERTIFICATE ISSUANCE– EXPORT FIGURES (ANF 3A) -- DUTY NEUTRALISATION SCHEMES: APP. 23 FOR ADV AUTHORISATION & DFIA EPCG SCHEME – ANF 5A TO 5D; APPEND. 26 & 26A GEMS & JEWELLERY SCHEME– ANF 4 I -- REWARD SCHEMES: EXPORT CERTIFICATION FOR ALL SCHEMES -- TURNOVER CFT FOR MARBLE IMPORT ENTITLEMENT ETC Major contributions from CAs:
  • 53. www.StudsPlanet.com 53 IMPACT OF GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS MODERATE • Relatively lower share of exports to GDP • Strong demand stimulus • Farm Loan waiver • Higher food procurement prices • Sixth Pay Commission • Increased Infrastructure spending 53 Country Share of exports to GDP (Percent) OECD 58 CHINA 35 INDIA 22
  • 54. IMPACT ASSESSMENT • GDP growth figures for India for 2008 is 5.4%; and it has been projected at a higher level of 6.5% for the Year 2009, with due credit to Stimulus Measures announced by the Government of India and the RBI. • IIP figures for May, 2009 onwards show that certain industrial sectors like steel, commercial vehicles, cement, two wheelers, intermediate goods etc have started looking up. • Rate of decline in export growth is somewhat reducing, which indicates that while the impact of global recession is still continuing on our exports, the stimulus packages have started showing their impact in arresting the steep decline in exports.www.StudsPlanet.com 54
  • 55. www.StudsPlanet.com 55 DETAILS AVAILABLE IN THE SITE: DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE: HTTP://COMMERCE.NIC.IN DGFT: HTTP://DGFT.GOV.IN
  • 56. www.StudsPlanet.com 56 Thank You

×