The Big Bang Simulation


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The Big Bang Simulation

  1. 1. The Big Bang Simulation! By: Ben Irving, Georgina Johnson, and Scott Kaufman
  2. 2. What is the Big Bang Simulation? <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists in Switzerland have built a machine that will create a  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>similar scenario to the actual Big Bang. The machine being used  is </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>called the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The collider is located in a   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>27km-long tunnel (approximately 17 miles) that ranges from 50 to 175  </li></ul><ul><li>meters below the ground. It runs </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>under the Geneva airport and  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>its surrounding villages and  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>farmland. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a picture of the inside of the LHC --->  </li></ul>
  3. 3. How Does the Large Hadron Collider Work? <ul><li>The machine will create a similar situation to the Big Bang by  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>smashing certain particles together. As the particles are smashed  </li></ul><ul><li>together they will break apart into smaller, more fundamental  </li></ul><ul><li>components. Physicists will have a chance to observe those  </li></ul><ul><li>particles, some of which have never been seen before! </li></ul>
  4. 4. What the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) Can Help Us Learn: <ul><li>By simulating the Bang Bang, we can start to piece together how the  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>earth we know today was formed. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>We can learn vital information about the history of our planet and  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>how it has changed over the years. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>It may also help us learn how organisms were created. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fears About the Big Bang Simulation <ul><li>Some people fear that the Large Hadron Collider could  </li></ul><ul><li>lead to the End of the World! </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible that the machine will create many miniature  </li></ul><ul><li>black holes that could swallow up the earth. Because of  </li></ul><ul><li>this concern, the architects of the LHC have been brought  </li></ul><ul><li>to court many times to try and stop the project. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Cost of the Large Hadron Collider: <ul><li>Original Expected Cost: </li></ul><ul><li>-The Accelerator - $3 Billion </li></ul><ul><li>-CERN Contribution to Experiments - $700 Million </li></ul><ul><li>-Construction of the Machine - $1.6 Billion </li></ul><ul><li>-Completing the Experiments -  </li></ul><ul><li>$140 Million </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Total: 5.44 Billion Dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Actual Cost: </li></ul><ul><li>-The Accelerator - $3 Billion </li></ul><ul><li>-CERN Contribution to Experiments - $700 Million </li></ul><ul><li>-Construction of the Machine - $1.6 Billion </li></ul><ul><li>-Completing the Experiments -  </li></ul><ul><li>$140 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Because of delays and problems with the LHC more money was spent trying to fix it. </li></ul><ul><li>- Extra amount of money used - unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Total: Over 7 Billion Dollars </li></ul>
  7. 7. Acknowledgements: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  8. 8. Acknowledgements Continued: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  9. 9. Seminar Questions <ul><li>Group 1: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What are your thoughts on the simulation? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Do you think this is a good way to simulate the Big Bang or are the risks too great? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Even though this machine is not as big as the actual Big Bang, do you think it can create an accurate simulation? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Do you think there could </li></ul><ul><li>be another way to  </li></ul><ul><li>simulate the Big Bang? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Do you think the machine </li></ul><ul><li>is too costly? </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What are your thoughts about the risks involved in recreating a simulation of the Big Bang? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What is the value in trying to simulate the Big Bang? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What results would you hope to discover from this simulation? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Funding for scientific experiments is limited, do you think the billions spent on the LHC are justified? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Do you believe the LHC scientists can get accurate data from this machine? </li></ul>