Genetherapypres by Coda, Afemi, and Mason


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Genetherapypres by Coda, Afemi, and Mason

  1. 1. Genetic Enhancers in Professional Athletes By: Coda Danu-Asmara Mason Borden Afemi Banx
  2. 2. What is gene therapy? <ul><li>Gene therapy is the practice of inserting different genes into the cells to improve their performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, it is only legally used for medical reasons to make patients live longer. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is gene therapy being used for athletes? <ul><li>Athletes are always under pressure to become stronger and faster. </li></ul><ul><li>Some coaches take risks and drastic measures like steroids. </li></ul><ul><li>Many athletes and coaches will be tempted to find new ways to give the athletes an advantage. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, many people are now turning to Gene therapy to make themselves stronger. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Are there any risks involved in gene therapy? <ul><li>Gene therapy is currently risky for several reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>The gene may be rejected by patient. </li></ul><ul><li>Because the genes are foreign material, people's immune system may reject the gene and destroy it, causing the operation to fail. </li></ul><ul><li>If the operation is done poorly enough, the immune system's response may be severe enough to kill the patient (i.e., shutting down organs, including the brain). </li></ul><ul><li>Also, gene therapy does not last for a long period of time, so multiple operations are required until the therapy actually works and cures the patient. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Has this method ever been used? If so, is it effective? <ul><li>This does not stop many athletes and coaches attempting to try it out. </li></ul><ul><li>Many medical centers claim to have the latest &quot;breakthrough&quot; in genetic therapy, and they claim to be cheap and effective. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the more popular advertised therapies is the insertion of synthetic genes into athletes, which can produce chemicals linked to muscle building. </li></ul><ul><li>Another molecular manipulation regulates or increases the production of energy-efficient muscle fibers. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006, a German track and field coach tried to allow genetic juicing to his athletes for the 2008 Olympics in China, but was caught before anyone could be treated. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What are people doing to stop this? <ul><li>In an attempt to stop genetic manipulation in athletics, the World Anti-Doping Agency (an organization set up by the Olympics to stop athletes from using enhancing drugs in sports) preemptively outlawed all genetic therapy in athletes. </li></ul><ul><li>Additionally, scientists are working on ways to catch genetic enhancements by looking at and isolating suspicious genes. </li></ul><ul><li>Sadly, these preventive methods will probably do little to stop desperate coaches and players, and genetic enhancements in athletes may replace steroids. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the side effects of genetic therapy are much more dangerous than steroids, and will probably result in death for many players. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Acknowledgments <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>