The verb phrase-3

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  • thank's a lot... this material is very help me :)
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  • How can I building a tree structure with:
    That Bill misses Susan means that he loves her.
    Does the word that inside the constituent labeled CP1 c-command the dp (Susan)?
    Does the CP1 c-command CP2 ?
    Is CP2 in the scope of the DP (Bill) ?

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  • The function: sC
  • The verb phrase-3

    1. 1. The verb phrase<br />Presented by :<br />HananSaleh Al-gomari<br />ID:0765385<br />
    2. 2. The verb phrase:<br />The verb phrase may consist of the main verb, and auxiliary verb, plus optional complements, and other modifiers.The material of verb phrase ( VP ) depends on the type or CLASS of verb used.<br />
    3. 3. Types or classes of verb:-<br />Transitive Verb.<br />Intransitive Verb.<br />Ditransitive verb.<br />Intensive Verb.<br />Complex-trasitive Verb.<br />Prepositional verb. <br />
    4. 4. Rules to remember:-<br />Transitive verb: VP transitive verb + dO<br />dO NP<br />Intransitive verb: VP intransitive verb<br />Ditransitive verb: VP ditransitive verb + iO + dO<br />iO NP<br />dO NP<br />OR<br />ditransitive verb + dO + iOVP<br />NPdO<br />NPiO<br />
    5. 5. Complex – transitive verb : <br />VP Complex – transitive verb + dO + oC<br />dO NP <br />oC NP or PP or AP <br />Prepositional verb: VP prepositional verb + pO<br />pO PP <br />
    6. 6. Transitive Verb:<br />A verb phrase using a transitive verb normally has to have a direct object to be complete.<br />There are many transitive verbs <br />for example:<br />Kate hugged the baby<br />The dog found a bone<br />The rule :<br />VP transitive verb + dO<br />dONP<br />
    7. 7. The tree diagram for this class of verb is as follows:Kate hugged the baby<br />S<br /> NP VP<br /> N V NP <br /> [trans] DET N<br />Kate hugged the baby. <br />P dO S <br />
    8. 8. Intransitive verb:<br />By contrast, the intransitive Verb, is a class of verb doesn’t take an object. In fact it requires <br />nothing else to complete the verb phrase.<br />for example: <br />Ken snores. <br />The rule :<br />Transitive verb: VP transitive verb + dO<br />dO NP<br />
    9. 9. The tree diagram for this class of verb is as follows:Ken snores<br />S<br /> NP VP <br /> N V<br /> [intrans]<br /> Ken snores. <br />
    10. 10. Ditransitive Verb :<br />Another class of verb is ditransitive. This type of <br />Verb requeires two objects. One of these is the familiar direct object dO, the other an INDIRECT OBJECT or iO for short.<br />for example: <br />Ray told the children a story. <br />The rule :<br />VP ditransitive verb + iO + dO<br />iO NP<br />dO NP<br />OR<br />ditransitive verb + dO + iOVP<br />NPdO<br />NPiO<br />
    11. 11. The tree diagram for this class of verb is as follows:Ray told the children a story.<br /> S<br />NP VP<br /> N V NP NP<br /> DET N DET N <br /> Ray told the children a story. <br />[ditrans]<br />S<br />P<br />dO<br />iO<br />
    12. 12. Ray told a story to the children.<br /> S<br />NP VP<br /> N V NP PP<br /> DET N P NP<br /> DET N <br /> Ray told a story to the children. <br />[ditrans]<br />S<br />dO<br />iO<br />P<br />
    13. 13. Intensive verb:<br />Belong to a small group which include verbs like, be,seem appear, become, look and so on.<br />for example: <br />Sally became a doctor.<br />George is in the garden<br />Sue seems unhappy.<br />The rule :<br />VP intensive verb + sC<br />sC NP or PP or AP<br />
    14. 14. The tree diagram for this class of verb is as follows:Sally become a doctor.<br /> S<br />NP VP <br />N V NP<br /> DET N <br /> Sally become a doctor.<br />[intens]<br />
    15. 15. Complex-transitive Verb :<br />A verb that takes a direct object (dO) plus an object complement ( oC ).<br />for example: <br />Kate thought John a fool. <br />The rule :<br />VP complex-transitive verb + dO + oC<br /> NPdO<br />oC NP or PP or AP<br />
    16. 16. The tree diagram for this class of verb is as follows:Kate thought John a fool.<br /> S <br /> NP VP<br /> N V NP NP<br /> N DET N<br />kate thought John a fool. <br />[Complex]<br />S<br />oC<br />P<br />dO<br />
    17. 17. Prepositional Verb: <br />Prepositional verb is one which requires a prepositional phrase in order to be complete. <br />Verbs like glance at, lean on, refer to, fall into this class.<br />for example: <br />sally leant on the table. <br />The rule :<br />VP prepositional verb + pO<br />pO PP <br />
    18. 18. The tree diagram for this class of verb is as follows:Sally leant on the table.<br /> S<br /> NP VP<br /> N V PP<br /> P NP<br /> DET N<br /> Sally leant on the table. <br />[Complex]<br />pO<br />S<br />P<br />
    19. 19. Imperative Verb.<br />Used to give commands or instructions. <br />e.g. Close the door!<br /> S<br /> VP<br /> V NP <br /> [trans] DET N<br /> close the door<br /> p do<br />
    20. 20. Thank you<br />

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