The Verb Phrase<br />By<br />Aziza Saiaf Al-Shahrani<br />ID: 0879206<br />Syntax 334 Lane <br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<b...
The verb phrase :✿ The verb phrase may consist of  the main verb, and auxiliary verb, plus optional complements, and other...
The rules:<br />VP        transitive verb + d O<br />d O       NP<br />*************************************************<b...
VP       intensive verb + sC<br />sC        NP  or  PP  or  AdjP<br />*************************************************<br...
: Intransitive Verb<br />On the other hand, an intransitive verb cannot take a direct object..<br />The rule :<br />VP    ...
e.g.  Sara moved  .  <br />S<br /> NP                       VP<br />Pro                        V<br />                    ...
Intensive Verb :<br />Intensive verbs are commonly known as linking verbs, or copular verbs like: be, seem, smell, become,...
e.g. Sara is a teacher .<br />S<br />NP                  VP<br />                 N              V               NP      <...
Transitive Verb :<br />The meaning of a transitive verb is incomplete without a direct object..<br />The rule :<br />VP   ...
e.g.   Sara ate the apple .<br />S<br />NP                VP<br />                    N          V               NP<br /> ...
Ditransitive Verb :<br />Ditransitive verb requires both a direct object (dO)  and  indirect object (iO)..<br />The rule :...
e.g. Sara gave Hind the cake . <br />S<br />NP                          VP<br />                      N           V       ...
e.g. Sara gave the cake to Hind .<br />S<br />NP                         VP<br />                      N           V      ...
Complex-transitive Verb :<br />A verb that takes a direct object (dO)  plus an object complement ( oC )..<br />The rule :<...
e.g. Sara thought Hind a fool .<br />S<br /> NP                     VP<br />                    N            V          NP...
Prepositional Verb :<br />Prepositional verbs are made of:<br />verb + preposition<br />Because a preposition always has a...
e.g. The children glanced at the picture. <br />S<br />NP                           VP<br />     DET         N            ...
Imperative :<br />The imperative mood is used to give orders , commands , and instructions. The form used is usually the s...
Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />Thank <br />You<br />(◡‿◡✿)<br />
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The verb phrase by aziza saiaf al shahrani - 0879206 __ syntax 334 lane

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The verb phrase by aziza saiaf al shahrani - 0879206 __ syntax 334 lane

  1. 1. The Verb Phrase<br />By<br />Aziza Saiaf Al-Shahrani<br />ID: 0879206<br />Syntax 334 Lane <br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  2. 2. The verb phrase :✿ The verb phrase may consist of the main verb, and auxiliary verb, plus optional complements, and other modifiers..✿ The material of verb phrase ( VP ) depends on the type or CLASS of verb used ..✿We have six classes of verb :-TRANSITIVE , INTRASITIVE , DITRANSITIVE , INTINSIVE , COMPLEX-TRANSTIVE , PREPOSITIONAL .. <br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  3. 3. The rules:<br />VP transitive verb + d O<br />d O NP<br />*************************************************<br />VP intransitive verb<br />*************************************************<br />VP ditransitive verb + iO + dO<br />iO NP<br />dO NP<br />OR<br />Vp ditransitive verb + dO + iO<br />dO NP<br />iO NP<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  4. 4. VP intensive verb + sC<br />sC NP or PP or AdjP<br />*************************************************<br />VP complex-transitive verb + dO + oC<br />dO NP <br />oC NP or PP or AdjP<br />*************************************************<br />VP prepositional verb + pO<br />pO PP <br />*************************************************<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  5. 5. : Intransitive Verb<br />On the other hand, an intransitive verb cannot take a direct object..<br />The rule :<br />VP intransitive verb<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  6. 6. e.g. Sara moved . <br />S<br /> NP VP<br />Pro V<br /> [intrans]<br /> Sara moved <br /> S P <br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  7. 7. Intensive Verb :<br />Intensive verbs are commonly known as linking verbs, or copular verbs like: be, seem, smell, become, taste, sound, appear, look and so on .<br />They have the following structure :- <br />Subject + Linking Verb + Subject Complement.<br />The rule :<br />VP intensive verb + sC<br />sC NP or PP or AdjP<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  8. 8. e.g. Sara is a teacher .<br />S<br />NP VP<br /> N V NP <br /> [intens] <br /> DET N <br />teachera Sara is <br /> S P sC<br />_____________________________________________<br />e.g. Sara is a teacher . >>sC NP<br />Sara is in the class . >> sC PP e.g. <br />AdjPe.g. Sara seems unhappy . >>sC<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  9. 9. Transitive Verb :<br />The meaning of a transitive verb is incomplete without a direct object..<br />The rule :<br />VP transitive verb + dO<br />dONP<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  10. 10. e.g. Sara ate the apple .<br />S<br />NP VP<br /> N V NP<br /> [trans] <br /> DET N<br /> Sara ate the apple <br /> S P dO<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  11. 11. Ditransitive Verb :<br />Ditransitive verb requires both a direct object (dO) and indirect object (iO)..<br />The rule :<br />VP ditransitive verb + iO + dO<br />iO NP<br />dO NP<br />OR<br />ditransitive verb + dO + iOVP<br />NPdO<br />NPiO<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  12. 12. e.g. Sara gave Hind the cake . <br />S<br />NP VP<br /> N V NP NP<br /> [ditrans] <br /> N DET N <br /> Sara gave Hind the cack<br /> S P iOdO<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  13. 13. e.g. Sara gave the cake to Hind .<br />S<br />NP VP<br /> N V NP PP <br /> [ditrans] <br /> DET N P NP <br /> N<br /> Sara gave the cake to Hind<br /> S P dOiO<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  14. 14. Complex-transitive Verb :<br />A verb that takes a direct object (dO) plus an object complement ( oC )..<br />The rule :<br />VP complex-transitive verb + dO + oC<br /> NPdO<br />oC NP or PP or AdjP<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  15. 15. e.g. Sara thought Hind a fool .<br />S<br /> NP VP<br /> N V NP NP<br />[complex]<br /> N DET N<br /> Sara thought Hind a fool<br /> S P dOoC<br />________________________________________<br />e.g. Sara thought Hind a fool . >>oC NP<br />Sara put the book on the desk.>> oC PP e.g. <br />AdjPe.g. Sara made Hind angry . >>oC<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  16. 16. Prepositional Verb :<br />Prepositional verbs are made of:<br />verb + preposition<br />Because a preposition always has an object, all prepositional verbs have direct objects. So all prepositional verbs are transitive. Also, the object must come after the preposition. <br />✿ e.g. believe in , look after, talk about, wait for.<br />The rule :<br />VP prepositional verb + pO<br />pO PP <br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  17. 17. e.g. The children glanced at the picture. <br />S<br />NP VP<br /> DET N V PP <br />[complex] <br /> P NP<br /> DET N<br /> The children glanced at the picture<br /> S P pO<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  18. 18. Imperative :<br />The imperative mood is used to give orders , commands , and instructions. The form used is usually the same as the base form. Sentences in the imperative may omit the subject NP ..<br />Open the booke.g.<br />S<br />VP<br />V NP<br />[trans] <br />N DET <br /> Open the door <br />P dO<br />Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />
  19. 19. Aziza Saiaf AL-Shahrani<br />Thank <br />You<br />(◡‿◡✿)<br />
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