Syntax -1

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Syntax -1

  1. 1. course : LANE 334 instructor: Dr.Shadia Banjar done by Nawar abullrhman khan 0879681
  2. 2. syntax Presentation:
  3. 3. We are going to concentrate on making noun phrases by using the following formulas: Determiner | Noun Determiner | Adjective | Noun Determiner | Adjective | Adjective | Noun
  4. 4. Determiners are used in front of nouns to indicate whether you are referring to something specific or something of a particular type. <ul><li>Determiners are words that are used with nouns: </li></ul><ul><li>to define something or someone </li></ul><ul><li>to state the amount of people, things or other nouns </li></ul><ul><li>to state possessives </li></ul><ul><li>to state something or someone is specific </li></ul><ul><li>to state how things or people are distributed </li></ul><ul><li>to state the difference between nouns </li></ul><ul><li>to state someone or something is not specific </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>There are different types of determiners. The type of determiner depends on the type of noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Singular nouns always need a determiner. </li></ul><ul><li>Plural nouns the determiner is optional. </li></ul><ul><li>Uncountable nouns the determiner is also optional. </li></ul>There are about 50 different determiners in the English language they include: Articles Possessives Demonstratives Numbers Quantifiers Ordinals
  6. 6. Articles : a, an , the Demonstratives : this, that, these, those, which etc. Possessives : my, your, our, their, his, hers, whose, my friend's, our friends', etc. Quantifiers : few, a few, many, much, each, every, some, any etc. Numbers : one, two, three, twenty, forty Ordinals : first , second , 1st 2nd, 3rd, last , next , etc.
  7. 7. Determiners general determiners specific determiners
  8. 8. For example:- &quot; The dog barked at the boy.&quot; &quot; These apples are rotten.&quot; &quot; Their bus was late.&quot; You use a specific determiner when people know exactly which thing (s) or person/people you are talking about. The specific determiners are: the definite article ( the), Demonstratives , possessives You use general determiners to talk about people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. The general determiners are: the indefinite articles ( a, an), a few, a little, all ,another any, both ,each ..etc For example:- &quot; A man sat under an umbrella.&quot; &quot;Have you got any English books that I could have?&quot; &quot;There is enough food to feed everyone.&quot;
  9. 9. Either and neither are used in sentences concerning a possible choice between two items. Either can mean one or the other (of two) or each of two. For example:- I've got tea and coffee, so you can have either . (One or the other) The room has a door at either end. (Both) Neither means not the first one and not the second one. For example:- Neither of the students were listening. Either Neither

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