-Plato (who recorded Socrates’ thought). -Aristotle, and the Greek skeptics.
They emphasized the idea (delusive appearance) that only the trained mind is prepared to conceder it.
-In the middle ages, Thomas Aquinas.
He heightened our awareness not only of the potential power of reasoning but also of the need for reasoning to be systematically cultivated and “cross-examined”.
-In the Renaissance(15th and16th) centuries. In Europe, -in England- a flood of scholars appears
They assumed that most of the domains of human life were in need of searching analysis and critique.
Others concerned about:
The way we misuse our minds in seeking knowledge.(self- deceived).
If people left to their own devices, they developed bad habits of thought. (which they called “idols”).
-Some fifty years later, - (More..Utopia). Scholars opened the way for science, democracy, human rights, and freedom for thought. In France, a method developed that critical thinking based on the principle of systematic doubt. -In(16th and 17th century England ), The critical mind to open up new vistas of learning. -In (17th and 18th century), Thing started to sound reasoning.
Others French thinkers, began with the premise that human mind is better to discipline by reason to figure out the world. 18th century, thinkers, extend our conception, developing our senses and its tools. 19th century, thinkers, extend it even further as thinking of the capitalism. 20th century, thinkers, recognized the deep need for critical thinking in life and in education to make good citizens.
To sum up, we recognize that critical thinking by its nature requires the systematic monitoring of thought. To be critical thinker we have to analyze and assess things and to see its clarity, accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth, and logicalness.
Learning the Art of Critical Thinkingwe have to:Clarify our thinking.Stick to the point.(be relevant). Make questions ..q Be reasonable.(be logical).
Expected from us Thinking more effectively in the workplace; Overcoming the unique obstacles. Using the strategic thinking : taking responsibility and Directing our thinking towards our most important goals and purposes. Using practical techniques for making more intelligent decisions by applying critical thinking to life’s key decisions.