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Passive voice 3

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  • 1. welcome
  • 2. passive voice English Grammar 142 Present by: Entisar Gharawi . Instructor: Shadia Banjar.
  • 3. In grammar, voice is divided in to: Passive voice Active voice the cat eats the meat The meat is eaten by the cat
  • 4. Use of the Passive Voice : We use the passive when:
    • we want to make the object more important .
    • The car was repaired by Sam.
    • we do not know the subject .
    • He was killed with a gun.
  • 5. SIMPLE PRESENT, SIMPLE PAST and SIMPLE FUTURE The active object becomes the passive subject. am/is/are +  past participle was/were + past participle Will going to + be + past participle Passive: Simple Present I am fascinated by the movie. Jack is bored by the movie. They are surprised by the movie. Active: Simple Present The movie fascinates me. The movie bores Jack. The movie surprises them . Passive: Simple Past I was bored by the movie. Jack was fascinated by the movie. They were surprised by the movie. Active: Simple Past The movie bored me. The movie fascinated Jack. The movie surprised them. Passive: Simple Future The work will be finished by 5:00 PM. A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight. Active: Simple Future Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM. Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
  • 6. PRESENT, PAST and FUTURE CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) Passive form:  am/is/are + being + past participle was/were + being + past participle Will going to+ be + being + past participle Active: Present Continuous I am helping Shannon. June is helping Su and Ling. Active: Past Continuous The cat was eating the meat They were eating the apple . Susan was eating the fruit and vegetable.   Passive: Present Continuous Shannon is being helped by me. Su and Ling are being helped by June. Passive: Past Continuous The meat was being eaten by the cat The apple  was being eaten by them. The fruit and vegetable were being eaten by Susan. Passive :Future Continuous At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John. At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John Active: Future Continuous At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes. At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes.
  • 7. PRESENT PERFECT, PAST PERFECT and FUTURE PERFECT Passive form :  have/has been + past participle had been + past participle Will going to + have been+ past participle Passive: Present Perfect The gift has been mailed by me. The gifts have been mailed by Jack. Active: Present Perfect I have mailed the gift. Jack has mailed the gift s . Passive: Past Perfect The movie had been directed by Steven Spielberg. The movies had been directed by Penny Marshall. Active: Past Perfect Steven Spielberg had directed the movie. Penny Marshall had directed those movies. Passive: Future Perfect The project will have been finished by next month. The projects will have been finished before then. Active: Future Perfect John will have finished the project next month. They will have finished the projects before then.
  • 8. passive Voice with MODAL AUXIARIES modal + be + past participle Passive: WILL / WON'T Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon. Jeff won't be invited to the party by Sharon. Active: WILL / WON'T Sharon will invite Tom to the party. Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party. Passive: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) The cake can be made by Mai. The future can't be foretold by Terry. Active: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) Mai can make the cake . Terry can't foretell the future. Passive: MAY / MAY NOT Katya may be given a new office by her company. The homework may not be done by the lazy students. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Katya might be given a new office by her company. The homework might not be done by the lazy students. Active: MAY / MAY NOT Her company may give Katya a new office. The lazy students may not do the homework. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Her company might give Katya a new office. The lazy students might not do the homework. Passive: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T English verbs should be memorized   by students. Cigarettes shouldn't be smoked   by children. Active: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T Students should memorize English verbs. Children shouldn't smoke cigarettes. Passive: OUGHT TO English verbs ought to be memorized by students. Active: OUGHT TO Students ought to learn English verbs.
  • 9.
    • Note
    we always use by to introduce the passive object: Fish are eaten by cats BUT When can we use by?
    • Include by+ agent only if the subject of the active voice sentence is important.
    • If the subject is obvious or unimportant, omit it. Many passive sentence do not Include by+ agent .
    Focus on doer Focus on event Galileo first used the telescope in astronomy Active the telescope was first used in astronomy by Galileo. Passive Somebody killed him with a gun . Active
    • He was killed with a gun.
    Passive
  • 10. Thank You
  • 11. REFERENCES:  Interactions2 Grammar book .   www.commnet.edu www.englishpage.com www.englishclub.com