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Non finite clause

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  • 1. Non-finite clause Dr.Shadia Banjar presented by: Helah Ali Almohaser Lane 334
  • 2. Non-finite verbs - Non-finite verbs are tenseless because they can not carry tense. - The form of non-finite verbs is either: to+ infinitive She wants to hold the baby. bare infinitive She made him hold the baby .
  • 3. -ing participle She left him holding the baby -en participle Bored by the baby , she left
  • 4. Non- finite clause Non-finite clauses serve a variety of functions : 1) Post-modifier non-finite clause can function as post- modifiers to head nouns The letter for you to type is on your desk NP (pre-modifiers)+HEAD (+post-modifiers) post modifiers Non finite clause (s)
  • 5. S1 NP VP Det N vgp pp N S2 Aux v p NP TENSE Det N The letter for you to type (pres) is on your desk
  • 6. 2) Adverbial Whistling cheerfully he (past)typed the letters A S P dO s1 s2 NP VP pro vgp NP Aux v det N TENSE whistling cheerfully he (past) typed the letters
  • 7. 3) Subject Going to parties (pres) is fun S P sC S1 S2 VP vgp AP Aux V A TENSE Going to parties (pres) is fun
  • 8. 4)Direct object She (pres) wants to hold the baby S P dO S1 NP VP Pro vgp s2 aux v TENSE She (pres) wants to hold the baby
  • 9. You can check that this is the direct object by substituting a pronoun: She wants something to hold the baby When a non-finite clause function as a subject or object ,it seems that the main clause is incomplete s1She wants s2 him hold the baby
  • 10. 5)Complement of Adjective She (past) made him sorry to go S P do oC S1 NP VP Pro vgp NP AP Aux V pro A S2 TENSE she (past) made him sorry to go