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Adverb and adverb phrase.2pptx
 

Adverb and adverb phrase.2pptx

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    Adverb and adverb phrase.2pptx Adverb and adverb phrase.2pptx Presentation Transcript

    • Adverb and adverb phrase
    • -Adverbs: often add information in relation to circumstances of manner ,time or place , they answer the questions as How ? when? where ? …
      -For example
      -Ken snores loudly
      S P Adverbial
      -Loudlyis an Adv and it is called Circumstance Adverb ,it modifies the verb snores
    • -The Adv P Rules :
      Adv P( deg ) + adv
      Function :Adverbial
    • -Adverb phrase (Adv P): it can be one or more constituent .
      -ken snores loudly adv p
      S P Adverbial
      -ken snores very loudlyadv p
      S P Adverbial
      - In this case , loudly is the circumstance adverb and very is a degree adverb (deg) .
    • -Degree adverb , tells us what degree something is done , it modifies or limits the sense of an adverb .
      - It includes words like quite , too , highly …
    • -The Tree Diagram :
      S
      NP VP
      N V Adv p
      deg adv
      Ken snores very loudly
      - Adv P (deg ) + Adv
    • -Adverb Phrase not only modifies the verbs but a whole sentence and adjective too .
      -adverbs modify the adjectives for example :
      -the disgustingly fat dog … AP
      Adv PA
      Adv
      disgustingly fat
    • - sentence adverbs: can appear in range of sentence positions and often express an attitude or evaluation . For Example :
      -Unfortunately , the cat killed the mouse
      - The cat unfortunately killed the mouse
      - The cat killed the mouse ,unfortunately
    • - The tree diagram would look like the following :
      S
      Adv P NP VP
      Det N V NP
      Det N
      unfortunately the cat killed the mouse
    • -The Adv P node is immediately dominated by the S node as in this example :
      S
      Adv P
      unfortunately
    • - The Adv P functions as adverbial :
      -Ken snores very loudly
      S P Adverbial
      -Rules to remember : Adverb Phrase (Adv P):
      Adv P (deg ) + Adv
      Function : Adverbial
    • Khadijah Ali Al-Mathami