Introduction Some morphologic sentence elements are commonly grouped into : .  The Noun Cluster .  The Verb Cluster
The noun cluster  divides into two categories   Principal   Secondary    Nouns   Numerals     Pronouns   Adjectives   Arti...
ADJECTIVES   <ul><li>&quot; Adjective &quot;   is the sentence element used to qualify/determine a noun or a noun-equivale...
CATEGORIES OF ADJECTIVES   <ul><li>First of all, adjectives are : </li></ul>Qualifying qualifying adjectives are (generall...
POSITIONING QUALIFYING ADJECTIVES WITHIN THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE   The   man  was  alive . In this case  &quot;alive&quot; ...
COMPARING ADJECTIVES   <ul><li>Only  Qualifying adjectives  may be compared. </li></ul><ul><li>The comparison is performed...
POSITIVE   no comparison is performed   Example:   The  tall   man  went into the restaurant. The word  tall   is an  adje...
COMPARATIVE   simple comparison   What are comparative adjectives? Comparative adjectives are used to   clarify the differ...
SUPERLATIVE   Relative   Absolute   qualities related to others   qualities of all   Examples :   The summer  is   the   h...
A  -  Comparison with   - er /- est How to Use Comparative Adjectives   and  Superlative Adjectives  We use  - er /- est  ...
2 d- adjectives with  two syllables ,  ending in  - ow B  -  Comparison with   more/less  –  most/least narrow est narrow ...
C - Irregular adjectives D  -   Special adjectives Some adjectives have two possible forms of comparison .   smallest smal...
Difference in meaning with adjectives : Eng 142 / grammar (2) Prepared and presented  by: Samah Eid References : http :// ...
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Adjectives

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Course Title Grammar (2)
Course Code& Number Eng 142
Credit hours 2X2= 4 hrs
Pre-requisite Eng 141
Instructor Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar

Published in: Education
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Adjectives

  1. 1. Introduction Some morphologic sentence elements are commonly grouped into : . The Noun Cluster . The Verb Cluster
  2. 2. The noun cluster divides into two categories Principal Secondary   Nouns Numerals   Pronouns Adjectives Articles
  3. 3. ADJECTIVES <ul><li>&quot; Adjective &quot; is the sentence element used to qualify/determine a noun or a noun-equivalent construction. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to clarify nouns . </li></ul><ul><li>It can be one word or a group of words . </li></ul><ul><li>It can also be used with certain verbs (such as the verb &quot;to be&quot;). </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to clarify the subject that is doing the action . </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to describe color, material, shape, size, amount, price, quality, origin, personality, weight, temperature, age, direction, etc . </li></ul>
  4. 4. CATEGORIES OF ADJECTIVES <ul><li>First of all, adjectives are : </li></ul>Qualifying qualifying adjectives are (generally) employed as: Possessive Demonstrative Relative Interrogative Indefinite Predicative Adjectives   Attributes Determining The group of determining adjectives is a bit more complex; it includes :
  5. 5. POSITIONING QUALIFYING ADJECTIVES WITHIN THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE The   man  was  alive . In this case &quot;alive&quot; refers to the noun &quot;man&quot; although it is positioned near the copulative verb &quot;was&quot; . After particular verbs Syntactically, these are Predicative Adjectives Note: although they are position near the verb, these adjectives still qualify the noun, only. The   new   house   welcomes us . The  house   aflame  was a terrible loss. Before or after the noun they qualify Syntactically, they are Attributes Examples Position
  6. 6. COMPARING ADJECTIVES <ul><li>Only  Qualifying adjectives  may be compared. </li></ul><ul><li>The comparison is performed for: A. Inferiority B. Equality C. Superiority </li></ul><ul><li>The points A and C above take three  &quot; Degrees of Comparison &quot; , as follows:   </li></ul>POSITIVE SUPERLATIVE COMPARATIVE
  7. 7. POSITIVE no comparison is performed Example: The tall man went into the restaurant. The word tall is an adjective . It describes the noun , man . It is very common to use   adjectives   with   nouns . Adjectives   are used to describe the   noun .
  8. 8. COMPARATIVE simple comparison What are comparative adjectives? Comparative adjectives are used to clarify the difference between 2 objects / nouns . Comparative adjectives are used to compare 2 nouns . To state that one noun has more of something then the 2nd noun . Examples : The black dog is old er than the white dog . My house is big ger than my sister's house . The yellow hat is more expensive than the green hat .
  9. 9. SUPERLATIVE Relative Absolute qualities related to others qualities of all Examples : The summer is the hott est time of the year . Your family is the nice st that I have ever met .
  10. 10. A - Comparison with - er /- est How to Use Comparative Adjectives and Superlative Adjectives We use - er /- est with the following adjectives : 1- adjectives with one syllable 2- adjectives with two syllables and the following endings : 2 a- adjectives with two syllables , ending in - y 2 b- adjectives with two syllables , ending in – er   2 c- adjectives with two syllables , ending in - le cheap est cheap er cheap new est new er new clean est clean er clean pretti est pretti er prett y happi est happi er happ y easi est easi er eas y dirti est dirti er dirt y clever est clever er clev er simpl est simpl er simp le
  11. 11. 2 d- adjectives with two syllables , ending in - ow B - Comparison with more/less – most/least narrow est narrow er narr ow <ul><li>difficult - most/least difficult </li></ul><ul><li>honest – most/least honest </li></ul><ul><li>modern – most/least modern </li></ul><ul><li>expensive – most/least expensive </li></ul><ul><li>comfortable – most/least comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>difficult - more/less difficult </li></ul><ul><li>honest – more/less honest </li></ul><ul><li>modern – more/less modern </li></ul><ul><li>expensive – more/less expensive </li></ul><ul><li>comfortable - more /less comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; more/less - most/least &quot; is used for words that : </li></ul><ul><li>have 2 syllables , if the word doesn't end in - y . </li></ul><ul><li>* have 3 or more syllables </li></ul>
  12. 12. C - Irregular adjectives D - Special adjectives Some adjectives have two possible forms of comparison .   smallest smaller little   least less little countable nouns most more many uncountable nouns most more much   worst worse bad   best better good surest / most sure surer / more sure sure subtlest subtler / more subtle subtle stupidest / most stupid stupider / more stupid stupid simplest / most simple simpler / more simple simple politest / most polite politer / more polite polite pleasantest / most pleasant pleasanter / more pleasant pleasant likeliest / most likely likelier / more likely likely commonest / most common commoner / more common common
  13. 13. Difference in meaning with adjectives : Eng 142 / grammar (2) Prepared and presented by: Samah Eid References : http :// www . englisch - hilfen . de http :// www . corollarytheorems . com / Grammar http :// www . english - the - easy - way . com / Adjectives / Adjectives_Page . htm The instructor : Dr. Shadia Banjar order next x distance nearest nearer near people ( family ) eldest elder people and things oldest older old   last x   x latter   latest later late distance   or time furthest further distance farthest farther far
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