Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Adjectives
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply
Published

Course Title Grammar (2) …

Course Title Grammar (2)
Course Code& Number Eng 142
Credit hours 2X2= 4 hrs
Pre-requisite Eng 141
Instructor Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar

Published in Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
2,904
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
114
Comments
0
Likes
2

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Introduction Some morphologic sentence elements are commonly grouped into : . The Noun Cluster . The Verb Cluster
  • 2. The noun cluster divides into two categories Principal Secondary   Nouns Numerals   Pronouns Adjectives Articles
  • 3. ADJECTIVES
    • " Adjective " is the sentence element used to qualify/determine a noun or a noun-equivalent construction.
    • It is used to clarify nouns .
    • It can be one word or a group of words .
    • It can also be used with certain verbs (such as the verb "to be").
    • It is used to clarify the subject that is doing the action .
    • It is used to describe color, material, shape, size, amount, price, quality, origin, personality, weight, temperature, age, direction, etc .
  • 4. CATEGORIES OF ADJECTIVES
    • First of all, adjectives are :
    Qualifying qualifying adjectives are (generally) employed as: Possessive Demonstrative Relative Interrogative Indefinite Predicative Adjectives   Attributes Determining The group of determining adjectives is a bit more complex; it includes :
  • 5. POSITIONING QUALIFYING ADJECTIVES WITHIN THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE The   man  was  alive . In this case "alive" refers to the noun "man" although it is positioned near the copulative verb "was" . After particular verbs Syntactically, these are Predicative Adjectives Note: although they are position near the verb, these adjectives still qualify the noun, only. The   new   house   welcomes us . The  house   aflame  was a terrible loss. Before or after the noun they qualify Syntactically, they are Attributes Examples Position
  • 6. COMPARING ADJECTIVES
    • Only  Qualifying adjectives  may be compared.
    • The comparison is performed for: A. Inferiority B. Equality C. Superiority
    • The points A and C above take three  " Degrees of Comparison " , as follows:  
    POSITIVE SUPERLATIVE COMPARATIVE
  • 7. POSITIVE no comparison is performed Example: The tall man went into the restaurant. The word tall is an adjective . It describes the noun , man . It is very common to use   adjectives   with   nouns . Adjectives   are used to describe the   noun .
  • 8. COMPARATIVE simple comparison What are comparative adjectives? Comparative adjectives are used to clarify the difference between 2 objects / nouns . Comparative adjectives are used to compare 2 nouns . To state that one noun has more of something then the 2nd noun . Examples : The black dog is old er than the white dog . My house is big ger than my sister's house . The yellow hat is more expensive than the green hat .
  • 9. SUPERLATIVE Relative Absolute qualities related to others qualities of all Examples : The summer is the hott est time of the year . Your family is the nice st that I have ever met .
  • 10. A - Comparison with - er /- est How to Use Comparative Adjectives and Superlative Adjectives We use - er /- est with the following adjectives : 1- adjectives with one syllable 2- adjectives with two syllables and the following endings : 2 a- adjectives with two syllables , ending in - y 2 b- adjectives with two syllables , ending in – er   2 c- adjectives with two syllables , ending in - le cheap est cheap er cheap new est new er new clean est clean er clean pretti est pretti er prett y happi est happi er happ y easi est easi er eas y dirti est dirti er dirt y clever est clever er clev er simpl est simpl er simp le
  • 11. 2 d- adjectives with two syllables , ending in - ow B - Comparison with more/less – most/least narrow est narrow er narr ow
    • difficult - most/least difficult
    • honest – most/least honest
    • modern – most/least modern
    • expensive – most/least expensive
    • comfortable – most/least comfortable
    • difficult - more/less difficult
    • honest – more/less honest
    • modern – more/less modern
    • expensive – more/less expensive
    • comfortable - more /less comfortable
    • " more/less - most/least " is used for words that :
    • have 2 syllables , if the word doesn't end in - y .
    • * have 3 or more syllables
  • 12. C - Irregular adjectives D - Special adjectives Some adjectives have two possible forms of comparison .   smallest smaller little   least less little countable nouns most more many uncountable nouns most more much   worst worse bad   best better good surest / most sure surer / more sure sure subtlest subtler / more subtle subtle stupidest / most stupid stupider / more stupid stupid simplest / most simple simpler / more simple simple politest / most polite politer / more polite polite pleasantest / most pleasant pleasanter / more pleasant pleasant likeliest / most likely likelier / more likely likely commonest / most common commoner / more common common
  • 13. Difference in meaning with adjectives : Eng 142 / grammar (2) Prepared and presented by: Samah Eid References : http :// www . englisch - hilfen . de http :// www . corollarytheorems . com / Grammar http :// www . english - the - easy - way . com / Adjectives / Adjectives_Page . htm The instructor : Dr. Shadia Banjar order next x distance nearest nearer near people ( family ) eldest elder people and things oldest older old   last x   x latter   latest later late distance   or time furthest further distance farthest farther far