Adjective phrase

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LANE 334: Syntax ,
Second Semester 2010 ,
Instructor: Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar .

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Adjective phrase

  1. 1. Adjective Phrase<br />Adjective Phrase<br />Fatima AmerAl.Saiari<br />Fatima AmerAl.Saiari<br />
  2. 2. Adjectives:<br />Adjective (A) is a part of speechwhich modifies a noun, usually making its meaning more specific. Adjectives are sometimes called “describing words” in that, as far as meaning is concerned, they define attributes characteristics. Commonly occur with nouns. For instance, <br />The dog chased a girl<br />the dog could have the adjective fat added to it:<br />The fat dog chased a girl<br />Adjectives are used in:<br />1. an attributive manner (precede the noun for example: a long letter)<br /> or<br />2. a predicative manner (follow a linking verb for example: the letter waslong)<br />
  3. 3. Adjective Phrase: <br />An adjective phrase (AP) like all other phrases can consist of one or more than one word. For example, <br />The fat dog chased a girl.<br />The (very) fat dog chased a girl.<br />The inclusion of an adverb phrase is optional,<br /> so that the constitution of an adjective phrase is:<br />AP -> (AdvP) + A <br />
  4. 4. AP<br />AdvP<br />A<br />deg<br />very<br />fat<br />When adjectives and adjective phrase work in this way to modify nouns, they form part of the noun phrase.<br />NP = the fat dog<br />It is, of course, possible to modify a noun with more than one adjective as in:<br />The fat brown dog chased the girl.<br />
  5. 5. FUNCTIONS OF ADJECTIVE PHRASES:<br />Subject Complement:<br />A subject complement (sC) follows a linking verb( be, seem, appear, look, and so on ); it is normally an adjective or a noun that renames or defines in some way the subject.<br /> For Example:<br />Sally seems unhappy.<br /> S P sC<br />S<br />VP<br />NP<br />V<br />AP<br />N<br />]intense[<br />A<br />Sally<br />seems<br />unhappy<br />
  6. 6. 2. Object Complement:<br />An object complement follows and modifies or refers to a direct object. It can be a noun or adjective or any word acting as a noun or adjective.<br /> Kate called John stupid<br /> S P dOoC<br />S<br />VP<br />NP<br />V<br />AP<br />NP<br />N<br />]complex[<br />A<br />N<br />Kate<br />called<br />stupid<br />John<br />
  7. 7. 3. Pre-modifier within NP:<br />Adjective phrase are also used to pre-modify nouns.<br />The fat dog chased a girl<br /> S P dO<br />S<br />NP<br />VP<br />N’<br />DET<br />Vgp<br />NP<br />]trans[<br />AP<br />N<br />AUX<br />V<br />DET<br />N<br />A<br />TENSE<br />(past)<br />fat<br />The<br />dog<br />chased<br />a<br />girl<br />
  8. 8. The phrase Structure Rule of an Adjective Phrase<br />Adjective phrase (AP)<br />AP -> (AdvP) + A<br />Function: 1. sC<br /> 2. oC<br />e.g. 1. The dog (quite disgustingly) fat<br /> 2. John made Kate angry<br />OR:<br />Function: pre-modifier within NP<br />e.g. The fat brown dog chased a girl.<br />
  9. 9. Thank You<br />Fatima AmerAl.Saiari<br />

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