• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
عرض سهام الاسمري(1)
 

عرض سهام الاسمري(1)

on

  • 1,281 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,281
Views on SlideShare
1,278
Embed Views
3

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0

1 Embed 3

http://www.slideshare.net 3

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    عرض سهام الاسمري(1) عرض سهام الاسمري(1) Presentation Transcript

    • Non-Finite Subordinate Clauses Presented by: Siham abdullah al-asmari Instructor Dr. Shadia Banjar Syntax Lane 334
      • Non-Finite Clauses
      • -That is clauses where the verbs cannot carry tense .
      • -The form of non-finite verbs is either
      • - To+ infinitive
      • e.g. She wants to hold the baby .
      • - Bare infinitive (that is infinitive without to )
      • e.g. She made him hold the baby.
      • - The - ing and - en participle
      • e.g. She left him holding the baby
      • e.g. Bored by the baby, she left
      • Non-Finite Clauses:
      • Also like finite subordinate clauses , non-finite clauses serve a variety of functions.
      • - Post-modifier
      • - Adverbial
      • - Subject
      • - Direct Object
      • - Complement of Adj
      • 1- Post-modifier
      • Non-finite clauses can function as post-modifiers to head nouns.
      • The letter for you to type is on your desk
      • [ s 1 The letter [ s 2 for you to type ] is on your desk ]
      • for you to type is non-finite clauses
      • - The form of this non-finite verb is to + infinitive (to type) and by post-modifying letter , non-finite verb forms part of the subject NP.
      • -ing and -en
      • The cat lying on the doorstep is asleep
      • Those books scattered over the floor are yours
      S P s C S S P P s C s C
      • 2- Adverbial
      • Non-finite clauses can also function as adverbials.
      • E.g. -ing participle
      • Whistling cheerfully he typed the letters
      • -en participle
      • exhausted by his efforts he left early
      • To + infinitive
      • To type the letters accurately he worked hard
      • 3- Subject
      • Like noun clauses,nonfinite clauses can appear as subject:
      • E.g. Going to parties is fun
      • S P sC
      • Also using to + infinitive for example:
      • E.g. for cinderella to go to the ball is impossible
      • S P sC
      • 4-Direct objects:
      • Non-finite clause ,like noun clauses, can function as direct objects:
      • She wants to hold the baby
      • S P dO
      • When a non-finite clause functins as a subject or object,
      • it seems that the main clause is incomplete :
      • [ She wants [ S2 ]]
      • [ S1 she wants [ S2 him to hold the baby]]
      • 5- Complement of Adj
      • The last function is Complement of Adj:
      • [She made him sorry [ to go ] ]
      • AP
      • A S1
      • sorry to go
    • Since the subordinate clause is part of the AP, it has the same sentence function, in this case , object complement. She made him sorry to go S P dO oC
    • Thank you