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Non-Finite Subordinate Clauses Presented by: Siham abdullah al-asmari Instructor Dr. Shadia Banjar Syntax  Lane 334
<ul><li>Non-Finite Clauses </li></ul><ul><li>-That is clauses where the verbs  cannot  carry  tense . </li></ul><ul><li>-T...
<ul><li>Non-Finite Clauses: </li></ul><ul><li>Also like finite subordinate clauses , non-finite clauses serve a variety of...
<ul><li>1-  Post-modifier </li></ul><ul><li>Non-finite clauses can function as post-modifiers to head nouns. </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>2- Adverbial </li></ul><ul><li>Non-finite clauses can also function as adverbials.   </li></ul><ul><li>E.g.   -ing...
<ul><li>3- Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Like noun clauses,nonfinite clauses can appear as subject: </li></ul><ul><li>E.g.  Go...
<ul><li>4-Direct objects: </li></ul><ul><li>Non-finite clause ,like noun clauses, can function as direct objects: </li></u...
<ul><li>5- Complement of Adj </li></ul><ul><li>The last function is Complement of Adj: </li></ul><ul><li>[She made  him so...
Since the subordinate clause is part of the AP, it has the same sentence function, in this case , object complement. She  ...
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عرض سهام الاسمري(1)

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Transcript of "عرض سهام الاسمري(1)"

  1. 1. Non-Finite Subordinate Clauses Presented by: Siham abdullah al-asmari Instructor Dr. Shadia Banjar Syntax Lane 334
  2. 2. <ul><li>Non-Finite Clauses </li></ul><ul><li>-That is clauses where the verbs cannot carry tense . </li></ul><ul><li>-The form of non-finite verbs is either </li></ul><ul><li>- To+ infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. She wants to hold the baby . </li></ul><ul><li>- Bare infinitive (that is infinitive without to ) </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. She made him hold the baby. </li></ul><ul><li>- The - ing and - en participle </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. She left him holding the baby </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Bored by the baby, she left </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Non-Finite Clauses: </li></ul><ul><li>Also like finite subordinate clauses , non-finite clauses serve a variety of functions. </li></ul><ul><li>- Post-modifier </li></ul><ul><li>- Adverbial </li></ul><ul><li>- Subject </li></ul><ul><li>- Direct Object </li></ul><ul><li>- Complement of Adj </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>1- Post-modifier </li></ul><ul><li>Non-finite clauses can function as post-modifiers to head nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>The letter for you to type is on your desk </li></ul><ul><li>[ s 1 The letter [ s 2 for you to type ] is on your desk ] </li></ul><ul><li>for you to type is non-finite clauses </li></ul><ul><li>- The form of this non-finite verb is to + infinitive (to type) and by post-modifying letter , non-finite verb forms part of the subject NP. </li></ul><ul><li>-ing and -en </li></ul><ul><li>The cat lying on the doorstep is asleep </li></ul><ul><li>Those books scattered over the floor are yours </li></ul>S P s C S S P P s C s C
  5. 5. <ul><li>2- Adverbial </li></ul><ul><li>Non-finite clauses can also function as adverbials. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. -ing participle </li></ul><ul><li>Whistling cheerfully he typed the letters </li></ul><ul><li>-en participle </li></ul><ul><li>exhausted by his efforts he left early </li></ul><ul><li>To + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>To type the letters accurately he worked hard </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>3- Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Like noun clauses,nonfinite clauses can appear as subject: </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Going to parties is fun </li></ul><ul><li>S P sC </li></ul><ul><li>Also using to + infinitive for example: </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. for cinderella to go to the ball is impossible </li></ul><ul><li>S P sC </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>4-Direct objects: </li></ul><ul><li>Non-finite clause ,like noun clauses, can function as direct objects: </li></ul><ul><li>She wants to hold the baby </li></ul><ul><li>S P dO </li></ul><ul><li>When a non-finite clause functins as a subject or object, </li></ul><ul><li>it seems that the main clause is incomplete : </li></ul><ul><li>[ She wants [ S2 ]] </li></ul><ul><li>[ S1 she wants [ S2 him to hold the baby]] </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>5- Complement of Adj </li></ul><ul><li>The last function is Complement of Adj: </li></ul><ul><li>[She made him sorry [ to go ] ] </li></ul><ul><li>AP </li></ul><ul><li>A S1 </li></ul><ul><li>sorry to go </li></ul>
  9. 9. Since the subordinate clause is part of the AP, it has the same sentence function, in this case , object complement. She made him sorry to go S P dO oC
  10. 10. Thank you
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