We use the past simple: To talk about things that started and finished in the past: Situations that were true in the past. Past habits.
THE PAST SIMPLE: Irregular verbs: look at the list: Write- wrote See- saw Regular verbs: +ed Visit-visited Learn- learned Verb to be There was/there were YOU MUST LEARN THEM!
Affirmative sentences: My uncle bought this house in 1999. Last summer, they visited London. (C+) Subject + V (past) +C.
Negative sentences I didn’t visit my friend last week. Two days ago, she didn’t go to the doctor. (C+) Subject + DIDN’T + V (INFINITIVE) + C.
Interrogative sentences: Did you eat meat last night? Where did they play football? (WH)+ DID + Subject + V (INFINITIVE) + C?
Short answers: Yes, they did. No, she didn’t. Yes, I did. No, he didn’t. YES, Subject pronoun + DID. NO + Subject pronoun + DIDN’T.
REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (1) Most of the verbs add ed: look-looked BUT… We only add d: Verbs ending with a silent e only + d: Live-lived We change the y to i +ed. Verbs endding in consonsnt + y: carry- carried study- studied (but… stay-stayed)
REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (2) We double the last consonant+ ed: Monosyllabic verbs ending 1 vowel + 1 consonant : stop- stopped rob- robbed Two-syllable verbs with the stress on the last syllable: prefer- preferred permit- permitted Verbs ending in l: travel- travelled
Verb to be (1) (ser/estar) AFFIRMATIVE I was (jo era/estava) You were He/she/it was We were You were They were NEGATIVE I wasn’t(Jo no era/no estava) You weren’t He/she/it wasn’t We weren’t You weren’t They weren’t
Verb to be (2) (Ser/estar) QUESTIONS Was I? (Era/estava jo?) Were you? Was he/she/it? Were we? Were you? Were they? SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I/he/she/it was. No, I/he/she/it wasn’t.
There was/ were (Hi havia) SINGULAR: There was a pencil on the table. There wasn’t a pencil on the table. Was there a pencil on the table? Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t. PLURAL: There were three children in the room. There weren’t three children in the room. Were there three children in the room? Yes, there were. No there weren’t.
PRONUNCIATION: -ed WHEN THE REGULAR VERB FINISHES:
Time expressions Yesterday (ahir) Yesterday morning/afternoon/evening Two days ago (fa dos dies) Two hours/weeks/months/years ago Last month (l’any passat) Last week/year/Friday/night In 2007 In January