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The past simple

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  • 1. THE PAST SIMPLE
  • 2. We use the past simple:
    To talk about things that started and finished in the past:
    Situations that were
    true in the past.
    Past habits.
  • 3. THE PAST SIMPLE:
    Irregular verbs:
    look at the list:
    Write- wrote
    See- saw
    Regular verbs: +ed
    Visit-visited
    Learn- learned
    Verb to be
    There was/there were
    YOU MUST
    LEARN THEM!
  • 4. Affirmative sentences:
    My uncle bought this house in 1999.
    Last summer, they visited London.
    (C+) Subject + V (past) +C.
  • 5. Negative sentences
    I didn’t visit my friend last week.
    Two days ago, she didn’t go to the doctor.
    (C+) Subject + DIDN’T + V (INFINITIVE) + C.
  • 6. Interrogative sentences:
    Did you eat meat last night?
    Where did they play football?
    (WH)+ DID + Subject + V (INFINITIVE) + C?
  • 7. Short answers:
    Yes, they did.
    No, she didn’t.
    Yes, I did.
    No, he didn’t.
    YES, Subject pronoun + DID.
    NO + Subject pronoun + DIDN’T.
  • 8. REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (1)
    Most of the verbs add ed: look-looked
    BUT…
    We only add d:
    Verbs ending with a silent e only + d: Live-lived
    We change the y to i +ed.
    Verbs endding in consonsnt + y:
    carry- carried study- studied
    (but… stay-stayed)
  • 9. REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (2)
    We double the last consonant+ ed:
    Monosyllabic verbs ending 1 vowel + 1 consonant : stop- stopped rob- robbed
    Two-syllable verbs with the stress on the last syllable: prefer- preferred permit- permitted
    Verbs ending in l: travel- travelled
  • 10. Verb to be (1) (ser/estar)
    AFFIRMATIVE
    I was (jo era/estava)
    You were
    He/she/it was
    We were
    You were
    They were
    NEGATIVE
    I wasn’t(Jo no era/no estava)
    You weren’t
    He/she/it wasn’t
    We weren’t
    You weren’t
    They weren’t
  • 11. Verb to be (2) (Ser/estar)
    QUESTIONS
    Was I? (Era/estava jo?)
    Were you?
    Was he/she/it?
    Were we?
    Were you?
    Were they?
    SHORT ANSWERS
    Yes, I/he/she/it was.
    No, I/he/she/it wasn’t.
  • 12. There was/ were (Hi havia)
    SINGULAR:
    There was a pencil on the table.
    There wasn’t a pencil on the table.
    Was there a pencil on the table?
    Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t.
    PLURAL:
    There were three children in the room.
    There weren’t three children in the room.
    Were there three children in the room?
    Yes, there were. No there weren’t.
  • 13. PRONUNCIATION: -ed
    WHEN THE REGULAR VERB FINISHES:
  • 14. Time expressions
    Yesterday (ahir)
    Yesterday morning/afternoon/evening
    Two days ago (fa dos dies)
    Two hours/weeks/months/years ago
    Last month (l’any passat)
    Last week/year/Friday/night
    In 2007
    In January

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