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ISES 2013  - Day 3 - Jane McRae (CEO, Sustainable Cities International) - Sustainable Cities
 

ISES 2013 - Day 3 - Jane McRae (CEO, Sustainable Cities International) - Sustainable Cities

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The world’s cities occupy only 2 % of the Earth, but account for up to 80 % of the overall energy consumption and 75 % of the carbon emissions. About half of the world’s population lives in cities ...

The world’s cities occupy only 2 % of the Earth, but account for up to 80 % of the overall energy consumption and 75 % of the carbon emissions. About half of the world’s population lives in cities today. How can cities contribute to a more sustainable future?

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  • Sustainable Cities International (SCI) is a registered charity and non-profit organization founded in 1993 and based in Vancouver, Canada. With core staff in Vancouver and a network of international associates, SCI works with cities around the world to bring about change towards urban sustainability. SCI focuses on building human capacity within cities so that innovation and change - which is required for sustainability - can occur. Our mission is: to catalyze action on urban sustainability in cities around the world
  • Sustainable Cities International (SCI) is a registered charity and non-profit organization founded in 1993 and based in Vancouver, Canada. With core staff in Vancouver and a network of international associates, SCI works with cities around the world to bring about change towards urban sustainability. SCI focuses on building human capacity within cities so that innovation and change - which is required for sustainability - can occur. Our mission is: to catalyze action on urban sustainability in cities around the world
  • Will Cities save us from impacts of global climate change? Cities are being viewed as both the source of the problem and as our greatest hope for change. They use large amounts of energy, contribute significantly to GHG emissions, and generate the majority of the planetary solid waste, air pollution and water pollution, Yet although “ urban development trends do pose serious problems with respect to ecosystem services and human well-being… urbanization is not in itself inherently bad for ecosystems ” . The high density of urban settlements can make mass transit systems highly effective and efficient, while the smaller dwellings typical of cities reduce energy consumption for heating, cooling and lighting by households. There is no doubt that Cities are important energy actors and in many regions, serve as the regulatory body for a variety of other actors Whether cities can respond effectively to meet our global energy challenges depends entirely on the involvement and cooperation of all actors.
  • There are many examples of strategies cities are developing and implementing that illustrate a variety of measures within their control and mandate, such as….
  • KEY MESSAGES: Coordination and integration across different sectors and scales are the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for cities to transition into a low carbon environment. -structured as an innovation platform – means shared value will be developed as participants and resource team work collaboratively to address common barriers Energy is the defining issue of the 21 st century. Our cities, the powerhouses of our economies and home to more than half the humanity require reliable supplies of energy to meet the needs of individuals, companies and institutions. Coordination and integration across different sectors and scales are the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for cities to transition into a low carbon environment. Structured as an Innovations Lab, the goal of SCI Energy Lab is to provide a multidisciplinary forum for collaborative problem solving and idea generation around all aspects of the design, implementation and regulation of urban renewable and local energy systems.
  • The Energy Lab is aimed at cities already considered leaders in sustainable energy or interested in learning from more advanced cities. Cities ’ selection was based on: Have already made gains in setting targets, goals and/or are already implementing sustainable energy strategies Commitment to and interest in working in a collaborative environment Capacity to engage and apply learnings Looked for diversity - so capturing ideas from wide variety of geographic and political contexts
  •   Mix of mid-size cities – between 200k and 3 million
  • There are a wide variety of factors that are preventing a more rapid transition to sustainable energy - including lack of capacity and understanding of local generation opportunities, the up-front cost of renewable energy installations, by-laws restricting these installations, the lack of legal frameworks, few incentives for cleaner energy, and the multiple players and levels of jurisdictions for urban energy provision. STEP 1 – identify priority needs/interests/projects to pursue as collaboration with the Lab 4 key areas were identified by cohort cities as priorities in preliminary surveys…policy + by-law frameworks, governance and partnerships, financing mechanisms and energy planning approaches. The common thread is not the idea itself (for ideas are often the easiest part of innovation) but “ how ” it was made to happen.
  • Sample of Cohort City responses to needs survey
  • What is being done….
  • The City of Brussels has, over the past 3 years, developed and supported a market process for the implementation of energy efficiency in buildings by encouraging the demand in sustainable construction and supporting technology innovation. Regional passive building standard imposed in 2010 on all new public construction Target of zero energy for all new constructions by 2015. Further measures of the city include large-scale training programs for architects, engineers, developers, project managers and energy managers totaling 800 participants and 15,000 hours of training only in 2012.
  • The Energy Lab Approach … involves assembling a resource team of facilitators, energy experts and innovation design strategists who are skilled at moving quickly between big-picture conceptual thinking and the detail-orientated action steps required to make ideas happen.
  • The Energy Lab will… draw upon current applied research…(site visit to bio waste research facility in cohort City of Edmonton)
  • AND… use a variety of tools and methods to help the cohort frame divisive issues, tackle ambiguities, mix different perspectives, and develop individual plans to effectively shape, organize and realize their goals. Key learning objectives: … enhanced understanding of the variety of challenges in driving higher penetration of renewable energy into the energy mix … look at what is working and generate new ideas through an integrated view of technology, policy, finance and governance
  • EXAMPLE: City of Vancouver (pop 600K) The City of Vancouver is aiming to become the Greenest City in the world by 2020, and has introduced an overarching action plan that tackles the areas of carbon reduction, waste management and ecosystem management. Moreover, the city has approved a strategy to accelerate the development and expansion of renewable energy-based district scale heating systems. Biggest learning – value of using tools like structured decision making so understand costs + benefits + tradeoffs of dif alternatives
  • District Energy Development Policy incorporated elements not originally envisioned by staff Air Quality Regulator is changing regulation to incorporate insights gained Historic opponents were either silent or spoke to Council in strong support Council approved Policy for assessing district energy proposals Process gave Council confidence to require biomass plant for hospital developme
  • Anticipated outcomes for first year: … baseline assessment of readiness … create innovation teams around specific energy related issues … set near term goals for what the lab is going to accomplish over the next six months. … .identify the resources needed to meet those goals and where (both inside and outside of this network) we can get them.  … begin implementation of collaborative initiatives In summary…the Lab is a pilot, its about innovation and its about shared value creation.
  • A – Cities in Europe have advantage of strong national commitment whereas North American cities are often forced to act in the absence of senior government leadership . B- Trend to integrated approaches is driven by recognition that Business as Usual is not working D- Not all attempts at integrated approaches have been successful – vast array of technical solutions have been developed to allow a transition to energy efficiency and low carbon futures… However we are still not seeing the rate of uptake required to make this transition…. We are seeing movement from isolated to integrated approaches – trend to integrated approaches is driven by recognition that Business as Usual is not working However, Not all attempts at integrated approaches have been successful Challenges: Messy, complex, takes time, competing priorities, little existing capacity (within individuals and organizations). Need to learn from mistakes and keep going
  • Anticipated outcomes for first year: … baseline assessment of readiness … create innovation teams around specific energy related issues … set near term goals for what the lab is going to accomplish over the next six months. … .identify the resources needed to meet those goals and where (both inside and outside of this network) we can get them.  … begin implementation of collaborative initiatives In summary…the Lab is a pilot, its about innovation and its about shared value creation.
  • THANK YOU!
  • The pace of green growth According to the Pew Centre on Global Climate Change, “between 2004 and 2007, global investments in renewable energy more than doubled…. If large hydropower is included, 2008 was the first year in which renewable power generation attracted more investment than traditional fossil fuel generation.” Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Clean Energy Markets: Jobs and Opportunities (Washington: Pew Centre on Global Climate Change, 2010), 4. Available online at http://www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/Clean_Energy_Update__Final.pdf (accessed February 9, 2011).

ISES 2013  - Day 3 - Jane McRae (CEO, Sustainable Cities International) - Sustainable Cities ISES 2013 - Day 3 - Jane McRae (CEO, Sustainable Cities International) - Sustainable Cities Presentation Transcript

  • Jane McRae Chief Executive Officer , Sustainable Cities international jcmcrae@icsc.ca
  • Sustainable Cities International is a registered not-for –profit organization based in Vancouver, Canada. Sustainable Cities Profile Founded in 1993, its mission is to catalyze action on urban sustainability in cities around the world.
  • Industry Utilities Construction Companies Municipality … Municipality as an energy actor Stakeholders Partnerships Municipality-wide Policy Action Citizens Transport Companies •SOURCE: THINK TANK Municipalities Energy actors
  • SCI Energy Lab Energy is the defining issue of the 21st century. Cities are the powerhouses of our economies Coordination and integration across different sectors and scales are the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity An Innovations Lab A multidisciplinary forum for collaborative problem solving and idea generation
  • SCI Energy Lab 2013-2016 Cohort 10 international cities from Europe, North America, Latin America, Africa/ Middle East
  • Cohort Cities DemographicsBetween 200,000 & 3.5 Millions
  • Vancouver (600,000)• Single industry = tourism • Resource depletion • High interest in renewables for security + diversification Aswan (761,000)Los Cabos (226, 000) Los Cabos
  • Focus Areas The common thread is not the idea itself (for ideas are often the easiest part of innovation) but “how” it was made to happen
  • Energy Conservation Energy Strategy to reduce city wide energy usage by 10% Collaboration with industrial partners Implementation of solar energy solutions in residential areas Durban, South Africa (3.3 M)
  • Sustainable Construction Brussels, Belgium (1.13 M) Subsidies for high energy efficiency investments (since 2004) Competition for exemplary building program (since 2007) Passive concept for new constructions : houses, offices, schools. (for 2015)
  • Aswan (761,000) • Large scale renewables – solar • Nationally driven • Interest = locally driven Aswan, Egypt
  • Involve facilitators, energy experts and innovation design strategists skilled at moving quickly between big-picture conceptual thinking and the detail-orientated action steps required to make ideas happen SCI Energy Lab Approach
  • Draw upon current applied research
  • Use a variety of tools and methods to help the cohort frame divisive issues, tackle ambiguities, mix different perspectives, and develop individual plans to effectively shape, organize and realize goals
  • Structured Decision Making An approach to making difficult or complex decisions involving stakeholders with a diversity of interests Vancouver (600,000)
  • Evaluate Trade-Offs Would you Endorse, Accept or Oppose each option?
  • Baseline Assessment Innovation Teams 6 mo - 3 year Goals Resources Identification Collaborative Initiatives Anticipated Outcomes
  • Transition to low carbon cities From isolated to integrated approaches Learn from mistakes and keep going We have a long way to go Cities are doing a lot.
  • Sponsored by:
  • Brussels Aswan Nis Porto Los Cabos Vancouver Zagreb DurbanSao Jose dos Pinhais
  • The Good news “between 2004 and 2007, global investments in renewable energy more than doubled…. If large hydropower is included, 2008 was the first year in which renewable power generation attracted more investment than traditional fossil fuel generation.” — Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Clean Energy Markets: Jobs and Opportunities •Photo: Paul Gipe
  • City of culture, knowledge and service University and industry partnerships Green public infrastructure (bike lift) Part of Nordic City network – dedicated to developing Nordic cities as attractive, innovative and competitive knowledge Cities Title Trondheim (180,000)