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Slides on Kingdom of God in the New Testament.

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Part02 a unit3

  1. 1. In the Fullness ofTime(Book 1)Unit III
  2. 2. Kingdom of God• Kingdom of God is the central teaching of Jesus Christ. Synoptics focus on K.O.G• In Matthew the preferred term is Kingdom of Heaven but means the same thing.• Centrality – Matt 4:17, 23; Mark 1:15; Luke 4:42.• There are 50 sayings or parables about K.OG in Synoptics
  3. 3. Kingdom of God – Term analysis• Kingdom – authority and power of the king• Basiliea (Gk.) – Royal Power• Malkuth (Heb.) – same• Rev. 12:10; 2 Chron. 29:11• Period when God’s salvation realized
  4. 4. Kingdom of God in OT• God is King and is ruler of all. (Ps. 82; 145:13)• 1 Sam 8:7-9; God is disappointed with Israel’s call for a human king.• David as King is the seal of the covenant.• The expression KOG is absent but the idea of God’s rule or reign is ever present• Future reign of God as King – Isaiah 52:7 and so is connected to end of the times. There is a hopeful longing for the end of the age.
  5. 5. Kingdom of God in religiousthought prior to NT• In intertestamental period following factors heightened the focus on KOG: – Absence of King on David’s throne. – Presence of Romans (an alternate King) – If the Israelites are the chosen people and their God is the King why are they under a foreign God.• So expression KOG began to be used in this period as an expression of the hope that God will disclose himself as king- messiah. (Pss Solomon, 1 Enoch,
  6. 6. Jesus and the KOG• Kingdom has come near – Mark 1:15; Luke 16:16; Matt 12:28 – Time of waiting is over. God is now beginning his royal saving work in the world. – St. Luke gives an example – Luke 4 (Isaiah 61) – Royal proclamation of amnesty and release• Time has come (kairos – opportune time)• “Acts of power” – dunameis manifestation of the kog. Jesus’ reply to the disciples of JB – Matt 11:5 (Isaiah 35:5-6)• Climax of the coming of KOG in power is the cross – (see the words of centurion in Mark 14)
  7. 7. Jesus and the Kingdom of God• Kingdom should be searched for (Matt 6:10)• Paradox is already but not yet.• Kingdom which become fully disclosed in the future but implications are in the present• Jesus is the mediator in the present of the kog in the future
  8. 8. KOG in the NT Letters• Enthronment of Christ – Phil 2:6-11; Col 1:15-20; 1 Tim 3:16• New Creation in Christ – 2 Cor 5:17• Believer transferred into the KOG – Col 1:13• H. Spirit - the guarantee of the participation in the final Kingdom (Ephesians 1:13-14)
  9. 9. Kingdom of God and believer• Repentance to trust in the King• Faith of the people. “Jesus is unable to heal” - Mark 6:5-6
  10. 10. Church and the Kingdom of God• Church is the first fruit of the KOG• Church is seen as the new Israel – (extension of Israel to include Gentiles)
  11. 11. Kingdom of God and the Kingdomof Caesar• Eungelion – “Good News” rivals the good news of the ascension of Roman Emperor – Emperor Augustus’ autobiography – Calls himself the “Son of God”• Satan was seen as the real power behind the throne (see Revelation)
  12. 12. Eucharist and KOG• Eucharist is the banquet of the KOG• Messianic banquet• Eighth day – sabbath of history. History is interrupted with the reign of God.• When Jesus took the bread and the cup and gave them to his disciples as his body and blood, hewas making the disciples a gift. Since his person was identified with the reign of God, the gift of bread and wine as his body was a gift fully identified with the reign of God, and presented in aform that people can fully consume and become one with. As the disciples eat, they make thekingdom of God fully their own, and are identified with the reign of God. Jesus giving himself for them was a carrying out of his mission to present the reign of God on their behalf.• - J. Denny Weaver• Future KOG is made present in the eucharist