Elements of Worship:• I. Adoration – express our fear, love and devotion toGod.• "The first element in worship is adoration. The Hebrews expressed this by theirpostureand not alone my their word. For they prostrated themselves before God. Ocome, letus worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord our Maker. They did notcomewith an easy familiarity into the presence of God, but were aware of hisgreatness andmajesty, and came with a sense of privilege to His house." H.H. Rowley"WorshipinAncient Israel" p. 257• Jacob at Bethel – Genesis 28: 16-17• Glory and Thanksgiving, praise and adoration, andexaltation unceasing, truly at all times and all hours,may we ascribe unto Thee, O Lord.
Elements of Worship:• II. Penitence and Confession• Aware of our sins and to confess them.• Isaiah 6:5 – Woe is me! For I am lost; I am aman of unclean lips.• Have mercy upon us- Kyrielaison. Eleos similarto Olive oil.
Elements of Worship:• III. Thanksgiving• “Praise the Lord! O give thanks to the Lord, for he isgood; for his steadfast love endures forever!” (Ps.106:1; 107:1)• King Solomon gave thanks when the ark of thecovenant was moved into the temple (2 Chronicles5)• Leviticus 7:12 If he offers it by way of thanksgiving,then along with the sacrifice of thanksgiving he shalloffer unleavened cakes mixed with oil, andunleavened wafers spread with oil, and cakes of wellstirred fine flour mixed with oil. (Peace Offering)• Bhayabhakthiyodu koode namuku karthavinesthothram Cheyyam
Elements of Worship:• IV. Intercession– Expression of our love and concern for others– As members of the royal priesthood of Christ• Numbers 11:2 – Moses on behalf of Israel• Diptychs and Litany
Elements of Worship:• V. Meditation– Silence– Seeking the face of God (Ps. 27:8)– Short prayers such as Jesus Prayer– To Spread the light of the presence of God in our mind
Sacrifice• Primary act of worship was Sacrifice• God had given the instructions in Exodus andLeviticus on how God is to be worshiped .• Secondly, worship in the temple reflectsworship in Heaven.• Exodus 25 - 27 provides details on temple,structure, ark, tabernacle, vestments, incense,altar, daily offerings
Sacrifice• Desire for union with God• Gift to God acknowledging God’s dominion• Altar is presence of God; blood is the life.So when blood touches altar the life of theofferer is dedicated to God.• Christ fulfilled the sacrifices (Hebrews9:11-13)
Ark of the Covenant• Contained – Tablets, Manna, and Aaron’srod (Exodus 16:34, Numbers 17:10)• Present even before the Temple• Shekhinah – Glory of the Lord• Symbolized the presence of God• 2 Cherubim behind the altar• Mannanikshepitha cheppum …pg. 232
The Tabernacle• Portable Dwelling place for God’s presence• Used from Exodus till temple• Also known as Tent of Meeting• Holy of Holies – Ark placed• Holy – Where Lampstand, altar of incense• “Then Moses summoned Bezalel andOholiab and every skilled person to whomthe LORD had given ability and who waswilling to come and do the work.” Ex. 36:2• In Shiloh – 2 Sam 7
Jewish Feasts and Festivals• Christian Feasts can be understood in lightof Jewish Festivals• Three Great Feasts :– Passover (Ex. 12)– Pentecost – Festival of weeks (Ex. 34:22; Deut16:10) Feast of first fruits (Ex. 34:22; Num28:26). Commemoration of Sinai Covenant.(Seenayi giri nin)– Feast of Tabernacles – Sukkoth (September-October) Lev. 23:40-43
Jewish Feasts and Festivals• Minor Feasts :– Purim - Esther– Hanukkah – Feast of Dedication– Feast of Trumpets– Sabbath
Synagogue• Greek word to bring together• Place where Jewish people gatheredtogether for prayer, devout reading,meditation• Synagogues originated in BabylonianExile.• No sacrifices• Led by elders / rulers; some had morethan one ruler (Acts 13:15)
Synagogue• Elements of worship in Synagogue– Confession of faith; Shema Deut 6:4-9– Public Prayers – 18 Benedictions– Scripture Reading – St. Luke 4– Instruction / Sermon – Acts 13:15– Psalms– Final Benediction by leader
Cycles of liturgy• the daily, weekly and yearly cycles ofworship• Liturgical Year - Seasons• Day as Evening – Day (There was eveningand there was morning, the first day.)• Weekly Cycle – Sabbath
Cycles of Liturgy• Hours of the Day :• “Seven times a Day I praise you for yourrighteous ordinances.” (Psalm 119:164)• Acts 3:1• Three hour gap– Evening– Compline– Midnight (With 4 watches)– Morning– Third– Sixth– Ninth