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  • 1. In the Fullness ofTime(Book 1)
  • 2. Unit IV : St. John’s Gospel• Leon Morris says in his Commentary on John: "John is like a pool, in which a child may wade and an elephant may swim. It is most simple and profound; it is for the beginner in the faith and for the mature Christian. Its appeal is immediate and never-failing."
  • 3. Author• St. John the Beloved Disciple• St. John 21:24• Disciple whom Jesus loves (13:23; 19:26; 20:2; 21:7; 21:20)• St. John’s name is never mentioned.• Probably written 90-100 AD
  • 4. St. John• One of the sons of Zebedee and Salome (St. Matt 27:56; St. Mark 15:40)• One of the Three (Sts. Peter, James and John)• John the son of Thunder; Boanerges - sons of thunder (St. Mk 3:16-17 cf. St. Lk 9:54)• Initially a disciple of St. John the Baptist• Entrusted with care of St. Mary (St. Jn 19:26-27)• Lead the church in Ephesus• Emperor Domition – cast out to Patmos• Returned to Ephesus where he wrote the Gospel and letters.• 5 of 27 by St. John• Called St. John the Theologian because mystery of incarnation explained – St. John 1:14
  • 5. Aim of the Evangelist• But these are written that you may (come to) believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through this belief you may have life in his name. St. John 20:31• Critical of Jewish authorities• Against the disciples of St. John the Baptist (St. Jn 3:30; Acts 18:25-19:7; modern day Mandeans)• Mystery religions –• Gnostic – gnosis (wisdom);• Incarnation – flesh (not docetic) “My Lord and my God” (20:28)
  • 6. Main Themes• life - used 36 times. More than any other book.• Witness - used 47 times. Only 4 times in synoptics combined. (remember the story of the man born blind)• Believe - used 98 times.• world - used 78 times.• love, truth, light, darkness, bread, water, shepherd, door,• “I am”, “signs”• Opposites - light/darkness (1:4; 3:19; 8:12; 11:9; 12:35, 46); truth/falsehood (8:44); life/death (5:24; 11:25); above/below (8:23); freedom/slavery (8:33, 36).
  • 7. Differences with SynopticSynoptics Johncovers ~ 1 yearactions, facts, word covers ~ 3 yearsPictures little action, speculative~ 60 parables Discourseteaching “kingdom of God” no parablesdescriptive teaching about Jesus Reflective Omits much – sermon on mount, institution Includes material not in the other – Nicodemus, samaritan woman, washing of the feet of the disciples, St. Thomas
  • 8. Outline of Gospel• 1:1-18 Prologue• 1:19-12:50 : Part I – The book of signs – The Word reveals himself to the world and the world rejects him (7 signs) – Initial days of revelation (1:19-2:11) – First and second miracle in Cana (2-4); (cleansing temple; Nicodemus; Samaritan woman) – OT Feasts and their replacement (5-10) • Sabbath – (5) • Passover – the Bread of life (6) • Tabernacles – source of living water (7:37- 38) • Dedication – 10:22-42 – (Jesus is consecrated – read on Hudos Etho) – Raising of Lazarus and the after math
  • 9. Outline (continued)• Part II : Book of Glory (13-20) – “To those who accept him, the Word shows his glory by returning to the Father in death, resurrection and ascension.” (Brown, pg. 334) – Last Supper and Jesus’ Last Discourse (13-17) • Last Supper - 13 • Last Discourse (14-17) – Part 1 – ch. 14 – Part 2 – 15-16 vine, world’s hatred, Paraclete – Part 3 – 17 High Priestly Prayer – Passion and death (18-19) – Resurrection 20:1-29 (2 at tomb; 2 at room)• Epilogue : 21:1-25 Galilean resurrection appearances
  • 10. The word became Flesh (John 1:1-14) Prologue • Logos is God and Creator (1-5) • Baptist’s status and Mission (6-8) • Coming of the Logos (9-13) • Word made Flesh and plan of Salvation (14-18) • One incarnate nature of God the word – St. Cyril (that exalted and veritable tower of knowledge, who expounded the doctrine of the incarnation of God the Word, our Lord Jesus Christ, declaring and showing clearly that he became incarnate; vachanamaya deyvam sareeriayi theernu ennu nammude karthavesu masihayadu)
  • 11. 7 I AM ("Before Abraham was, I Am” John 8:58)1. I am the ____ of life. He who comes to me will never be hungry. (John 6:35)2. I am the ____ of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness. (John 8:12)3. I am the ____; whoever enters through me will be saved. (John 10:9)4. I am the good ____. The good ____ lays down his life for the sheep. (John 10:10)5. I am the ____ and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies. (John 11:25)6. I am the ____ and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. (John 14:6)7. I am the true ____, and my Father is the gardener. (John 15:1) • Bread • Light • Door • Shepherd • Resurrection • Way • Vine
  • 12. Seven Signs and their meaning1. Turning water into wine (Jn 2:1-11) Transformation made by Christ2. Curing the son of the official (4:43-54) Cures by Faith3. Curing the Paralytic (5:2-9) on Sabbath Restores the lost power of mankind4. Feeding of the Five Thousand(6:4-13) Bread of Life who sustains us5. Walks on Water (6:16-21) Christ is our guide6. Curing the Man born blind (9:1-7) Christ is the light of the world7. Raising Lazarus (11:1-44) resurrection and life*not including the miraculous catch in Galilee
  • 13. Signs and their significane• John makes it clear that many more signs were done (20:30)• Point to who Christ is• Accompanied by long discourse
  • 14. The Upper Room discourse• Last Supper in St. John is not Passover meal but the day before Passover – JOHN 13:1 Now before the Feast of the Passover – JOHN 13:21 Judas "Buy those things we need for the Feast, – JOHN 18:28 Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the Passover. (NKJV)• Jesus is crucified as the passover lamb in preparation for passover.• Christ is the lamb of God
  • 15. Upper Room discourse• Ch. 13 – Last Supper (washing of the feet of the disciples)• Ch. 14 – Christ’s death and coming again – I will not leave you orphans (14:18) – Promise of H. Spirit - 14:26• Ch. 15-16 – Relationship btwn Christ and his disciples – Vine• Ch. 17 – High Priestly Prayer – – Prays for himself v. 1-5 – Prays for apostles v. 6-19 – Prays for universal church v. 20-26
  • 16. Holy Spirit (Paraclete) • Jesus promises the Paraclete as the Presence of God or as a replacement from Jesus upon his departure. The Paraclete is modeled on Jesus : – 1. Both are sent / come from the Father (3:16-17; 14:26) – 2. Holy (6:39; 14:26) – 3. Truth (14:6; 14:17) – 4. Teacher (13:13-14; 14:26) – 5. Bears witness and reveals (4:25-26; 15:26-27) – 6. Convince and convict the world (1:12; 16:8-12) • Paraclete continues the revelation of God begun in the incarnation (16:14; 14:26; 16:13, 15).
  • 17. Sacramental Teachings of St. John • Grace through physical universe (Christ foundation – John 1:14) • Baptism (3:3 conv with Nicodemas) • Qurbana (6:25-58) “Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, you have no life in you” (6:53)