Thinking About God
(Book 4)
Unit 4. Lesson 5
Science and Theology
Purpose
• To understand the relationship
between science and theology.
• To examine whether the two fields
can co-exist or...
Outline
• What is Science
• What is knowledge
• What are the limitations of science
• How can Science complement Theology
...
What is science?
• systematic knowledge of the physical or
material world gained through observation
and experimentation.
...
Scientific Knowledge
• Scientific knowledge is a relationship
between observations
• The observations are subject to refin...
Scientific Knowledge
• Science formulates quantifiable questions
• Science uses units, numbers, direction
along with mathe...
Assumptions of Science
• The world is real. (time and matter)
• The real world is knowable and
comprehensible.
• There are...
Limitations of science
• Scientific method cannot give knowledge
about the non-physical world
• Science does not have excl...
What is knowledge
• knowl·edge
(http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/knowledge)
• noun 1. acquaintance with facts, truth...
What is knowledge?
• There is much to know beyond the natural
world.
• Knowing ourselves. Who am I?
• Art also seeks to kn...
Scientism
• Scientism is the acceptance of scientific theory and scientific
methods as applicable in all fields of inquiry...
Science and Theology
• Science and Theology are complementary
• Both areas are addressing the same issues from
different p...
Some Famous Clergy who were scientists
1. Robert Grosseteste (Bishop of Oxford, and the man
who reinvigorated the science ...
1. Mendel
2. Newton "When I wrote my treatise about our system, I had my
eye upon such principles as might work with consi...
Science and Religion in Conflict? Evolution
1. We do not take Genesis Account Literally!
2. We don’t see it as in conflict...
Example of Science Complementing Theology
Anthropic Principle
1. Basic physical laws, physical constants finely balanced
t...
eπi+1 = 0 Euler’s Formula
• e = natural Log (banking, fractals, calculus, etc.)
• π = ratio of circumference to diameter
•...
Resources:
• www.grossmont.edu/johnoakes/s110h/sci
enceandreligionlecture.ppt
• http://teacher.nsrl.rochester.edu/phy_labs...
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Book4 unit1-lesson5

  1. 1. Thinking About God (Book 4) Unit 4. Lesson 5 Science and Theology
  2. 2. Purpose • To understand the relationship between science and theology. • To examine whether the two fields can co-exist or even complement each other
  3. 3. Outline • What is Science • What is knowledge • What are the limitations of science • How can Science complement Theology • How can Theology complement Religion
  4. 4. What is science? • systematic knowledge of the physical or material world gained through observation and experimentation. (dictionary.reference.com) • Knowledge • Subject = material world • Means = observation & experimentation • Definition of science is not an easy one: – http://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2009/ mar/03/science-definition-council-francis-bacon • How is science done? – Scientific method
  5. 5. Scientific Knowledge • Scientific knowledge is a relationship between observations • The observations are subject to refinement • Scientific knowledge is progressive and tentative • Scientific knowledge is neither true nor false, but rather consistent with the observations and consistent with prior knowledge (This slide is taken from www.grossmont.edu/johnoakes/s110h/scien ceandreligionlecture.ppt )
  6. 6. Scientific Knowledge • Science formulates quantifiable questions • Science uses units, numbers, direction along with mathematics to express knowledge • Numbers are quantitative. • Units are not a quality. Units are dimensions representing time, energy, weight, volume, length, brightness. Dimensions are independent variables • (This slide is taken from www.grossmont.edu/johnoakes/s110h/sci enceandreligionlecture.ppt )
  7. 7. Assumptions of Science • The world is real. (time and matter) • The real world is knowable and comprehensible. • There are laws that govern the real world. • Those laws are knowable and comprehensible. • Those laws don't [radically] change according to place or time, since the early stages of the big bang. • (This slide is taken from www.grossmont.edu/johnoakes/s110h/sci enceandreligionlecture.ppt )
  8. 8. Limitations of science • Scientific method cannot give knowledge about the non-physical world • Science does not have exclusive authority as sole means of acquiring knowledge. • Science does not address “quality” only quantity – Values, morality, good, love, etc. • Faith required to accept the assumptions.
  9. 9. What is knowledge • knowl·edge (http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/knowledge) • noun 1. acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation; general erudition: knowledge of many things. • 2. familiarity or conversance, as with a particular subject or branch of learning: A knowledge of accounting was necessary for the job. • 3. acquaintance or familiarity gained by sight, experience, or report: a knowledge of human nature. • 4. the fact or state of knowing; the perception of fact or truth; clear and certain mental apprehension. • 5. awareness, as of a fact or circumstance: He had knowledge of her good fortune.
  10. 10. What is knowledge? • There is much to know beyond the natural world. • Knowing ourselves. Who am I? • Art also seeks to know. • Poems seek to know.
  11. 11. Scientism • Scientism is the acceptance of scientific theory and scientific methods as applicable in all fields of inquiry about the world, including morality, ethics, art, and religion • Scientific Materialism accepts only one reality: the physical universe, composed as it is of matter and energy. Everything that is not physical, measurable, or deducible from scientific observations, is considered unreal. Life is explained in purely mechanical terms, and phenomena such as Mind and Consciousness are considered nothing but epiphenomena - curious by-products, of certain complex physical processes (such as brain metabolism) • No soul, after life, God, love, will, etc.
  12. 12. Science and Theology • Science and Theology are complementary • Both areas are addressing the same issues from different point of view • One explains the cause the other effect • Bible was written to show how to go to heaven not how the heavens go. • Judeo Christian world view helped scientific progress. World is discoverable 2 books book of revelation and book of nature. • http://www.pbs.org/faithandreason/ • http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2006/003/26.44.html • GodAndScience.org
  13. 13. Some Famous Clergy who were scientists 1. Robert Grosseteste (Bishop of Oxford, and the man who reinvigorated the science of geometric optics) 2. Roger Bacon (a Franciscan monk, sometimes known as the medieval Galileo) 3. the fifteenth century proto-physicist Nicholas of Cusa (a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church and the man who first championed the idea of an infinite universe); 4. Nicholas Copernicus (a canon at Frauenburg Cathedral, and the man who more than any other introduced the idea of a sun-centered cosmos.)
  14. 14. 1. Mendel 2. Newton "When I wrote my treatise about our system, I had my eye upon such principles as might work with considering men for the belief of a deity; and nothing can rejoice me more than to find it useful for that purpose." 3. Newton, Kepler, Copernicus (Heliocentric view) part of their theology 4. Upto 17th century close cooperation 5. 18th century 2 spheres 6. 19th century at odds with Darwin’s Origin of the Species
  15. 15. Science and Religion in Conflict? Evolution 1. We do not take Genesis Account Literally! 2. We don’t see it as in conflict with Christian Faith, 3. Oxford University biochemist Arthur Peacocke (an ordained minister in the Anglican Church), believes that evolution can even enhance understanding of the Judeo-Christian God. Whereas biblical literalists insist that creation was a once only event that happened at the beginning of time, Peacocke notes that evolution is compatible with the Christian idea of creatio continua, the notion that God is continuously creating. 4. As he explains: "Whatever we meant by God being creator, it wasn't something that God did once in the past, and then walked off ... It's something that's going on all the time." 5. Creation Science (Creationists) – flood geologists who argue that earth is only 6000 years old.
  16. 16. Example of Science Complementing Theology Anthropic Principle 1. Basic physical laws, physical constants finely balanced that intelligent force or planed creation makes sense. 2. Gravitational, Electric, Magnetic force obey inverse proportional [1/d^2.] 3. If gravitational force was stronger stable solar systems could not form because planets would quickly spiral into the sun. 4. Electric force was any stronger, stable atoms could not form because electrons would spiral into the nucleus. 5. Gravitational force was any weaker, planets would tend to drift off into space and not remain in orbit.
  17. 17. eπi+1 = 0 Euler’s Formula • e = natural Log (banking, fractals, calculus, etc.) • π = ratio of circumference to diameter • i = square root of -1 • Demonstrates the beauty of the System
  18. 18. Resources: • www.grossmont.edu/johnoakes/s110h/sci enceandreligionlecture.ppt • http://teacher.nsrl.rochester.edu/phy_labs/ AppendixE/AppendixE.html • http://www.pbs.org/faithandreason/ • http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2006/003/26 .44.html • GodAndScience.org
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