Book 1 Part01
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Book 1 Part01

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Slides of the first part of Book 1

Slides of the first part of Book 1

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Book 1 Part01 Book 1 Part01 Presentation Transcript

  • In the Fullness ofTime(Book 1)
  • Purpose• Not Commentary• Simple introduction, with particular reference to author, context, purpose and special outlook.• To help us to go deeper into the context of each book & get nourishment in spiritual life.• (Ex. Reading from St. Luke’s gospel in Church…)
  • UNIT I -Introduction to the New Testament
  • Classification of NT Books GOSPELS ACTS Pauline Catholic Revelation Epistles EpistlesType Gospels History Epistle Epistle ApocalypticNum 4 1 13+1 7 1
  • Lesson 1 – Relationship between theNew Testament and Old Testament• “The New Testament is hidden in the Old Testament. In the New Testament, the Old Testament becomes illuminated.” – Augustine• Testament = covenant, contract• Old Testament = Yahweh made covenant with Israel (Ex. 19, 24)• Both deal with same God• Both deal with Chosen Nation (Church = New Israel)• OT fulfilled in NT (ex. St. Matthew)• Both one salvation history
  • Lesson 3 – Jewish Historical Background of The NT• Fullness of Time (Gal 4:4) – importance of History• Foreign Domination – Syrians – Antiochus Epiphanes (175-157 BC) • Maccabean Revolt (St. Shmuni) – Romans – 65 BC • Regional administrators – Herod I (at time of Christ’s birth) – Region divided among 3 sons – Herod Antipas (“that fox” – St. Lk 13:32) in St. Lk Christ brought before Herod (St. Lk 23:6-12) – Judea under Archelaus (St. Matt. Joseph & Mary when returning from Egypt)who was banished to France and replaced by Roman Procurator
  • Lesson 4 – Religious backgroundof the people of Israel• Hope for Messiah (anointed one) multiple expectations – Political liberator – David, Elijah, Moses, on Clouds, – Confession of St. Peter (St. Matt 16:16)• Belief in Resurrection• Temple & Synagogue – Jesus begins his public ministry in Synagogue of Galilee (St. Lk 4)
  • Lesson 5 – Geography of Israel
  • Lesson 6 – Formation of NT • Bible – books written by the Church for the Church • First books to be written – St. Paul’s letters • Gospels were not initially written – Preference for preached word (Kerygma) – Acts 2:42; handed down (St. Lk 1:2) – Hope in the second coming (parousia) • Gospels written b/c – Eyewitnesses dwindling – Church spreads to many regions • NT Canon – Measuring rod – “In the worshipping community the Gospels and the letters of Paul were read and gradually the church considered them also as valuable as the OT books.” – See the 3 norms – St. Athanasius of Alexandria in AD 365 wrote a letter with the list of 27 books.
  • UNIT II –Synoptic Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles
  • Lesson 2 - Gospel• Gospel (Evangelion) – good news• There is only one Gospel. – Gospel about Jesus Christ (The Gospel according to)• St. Mary Magdalene – Apostle to the Apostles• Synoptic Gospels (the first 3) – same perspective – 1 year ministry; sharp statements, parables, miracles• Synoptic Problem – how to deal with the similarities and differences in the 3 gospels
  • Lesson 3 – St. Mark’s gospel• Earliest written Gospel• St. Mark – Son of Mary in whose house they gathered• St. Peter’s companion and interpreter and St. Mark wrote based on St. Peter’s sermons• Before 70 AD (destruction of Jerusalem); written for non-Jewish Christians in Rome.• Console Christians enduring persecution and importance of suffering in Christian life. Cross
  • Lesson 3 – St Mark’s Gospel• Son of Man – Suffering servant of God – Judge• Reading on 3rd Sunday of Great Lent – Lame Man (St. Mark 2:1-12)
  • Lesson 4 – St. Matthew’s Gospel• One of the 12 Apostles• In Syria between 80 and 90 AD for Greek speaking Jewish Christians showing that Jesus Christ came to fulfill the Law.• Church as the new Israel
  • Lesson 4 – St. Matthew’s Gospel• The New Moses – “You have heard it told to your forefathers, but I tell you.” – Sermon on Mt (5-7) – Missionary Exhortation (10) – Parables about K.O.G (13) – Church discipline (18) – Exhortation on end of Times (24-25)• Church – “on this rock I will build my church” (10:1-4) – Christ is the spiritual center of Church• Reading on Kudos Etho (St. Matt. 16:13- 23)
  • Lesson 5 – St. Luke’s Gospel• 2 Part book (St. Luke-Acts)• Jesus as savior of the world• Written to Theophilus• Features : – Social vision – alms giving, Lazarus & rich man (St. Luke 16) – Women- Mary, Elizabeth, Hannah, Martha, Mary – Parables• Reading on Sunday of Visitation of Mary to Elizabeth – St. Luke 1:39-56 - Magnificat