The Olympians PowerpointPresentation Transcript
The Olympians Anthony, Leigha, Matt, Madeline, Shane, Mary Jess, Jaclyn, Mikayla, and Katie V.
Gods The gods were created so when something went wrong on Earth the people would "blame" it on the gods. They had a huge impact on humans because the humans would worship and give offerings to the gods, so that the gods would help them with their troubles, or not give anymore punishments.
Zeus God of the gods and of the sky, pictured with a thunderbolt or lightning in his hand, Zeus was the most powerful god. He had overturned his father Cronus and seized power, and everything was ultimately in his hands. Zeus was a weather god, as well as the protector of the law, the state, the society, the city, the family and strangers.
Hera Zeus' sister and wife, daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Hera was the queen of heaven and the gods and goddess of women and marriage. She was generally described as an avenging goddess, punishing those that had displeased her severely. Her husband Zeus was constantly unfaithful to her, and she had a lot of persecuting to do because of this. Her children were Ares, Hephaestus, Hebe and Illyria and the Romans called her Juno. Hera was the patron goddess of the landscape Argolis. In Olympia her temple is even older than that of Zeus, and games to her honor were held there for women.
Poseidon Poseidon is god of the sea and protector of all waters. Poseidon is the brother of Zeus and Hades. When their father died they drew lots for shares of the earth. His prize was to become lord of the sea. He was worshiped by seamen. Poseidon married Amphitrite. Poseidon’s weapon is the trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is second to Zeus in power amongst the gods. Poseidon is very greedy. He had some fights with other gods when he tried to take over their cities.
Hades Hades is the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. When three brothers drew lots of the world, Hades got the worst pick, the underworld. He is now the god of the underworld, ruler of the dead. He is also the god of wealth, due to the precious metals mined from the earth. He has a helmet that makes him invisible. He rarely leaves the underworld. His wife is Persephone whom Hades abducted.
Aphrodite Aphrodite [Roman name Venus] was the goddess of love, beauty and fertility. When the Trojan prince Paris was asked to judge which of three Olympian goddesses was the most beautiful, he chose Aphrodite over Hera and Athena. She is the wife of the ugliest of the gods, Hephaestus.
Cupid Cupid was the god of love in Roman mythology. It was commonly believed that Cupid was the son of Venus - the Roman goddess of love . The ancient Romans often depicted Cupid as winged child or baby who carried a bow and quiver full of arrows. One story about Cupid story is his relationship with the beautiful woman named Psyche. His Greek name is Eros.
Apollo Apollo is the god of the sun and he is the patron god of musicians and poets. Son of Zeus and Leto, twin brother of Artemis. He is considered the ideal of manly beauty. He replaced the Titan Helios as the Sun god. He was believed to bring about epidemics of disease. That is because Artemis and Apollo were believed to shot arrows at people to make them sick. So they would pray to Apollo and hope that the epidemic would be stopped.
Ares Ares (or Mars) has a planet named after him. The third month of the year, March, in his honor. He was also a god of agriculture. He is the patron god of the Romans because they were warlike people. He was a god who took a savage delight in slaughter, and the hordes of slain upon the battlefield filled him with a fierce joy. (He loved war and killing others.)
Artemis Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin of Apollo. Artemis is the great Olympian goddess of hunting, wilderness and wild animals. She is also a goddess of childbirth, and the protectress of the girl child up to the age of marriage. Artemis is also bringer of sudden death and disease, she targeted mostly females.
Athena D aughter of Zeus, and only by him. She leaped from the head of Zeus, already adult, dressed with her armor. Zeus chose Metis as his first wife. A s she was about to give birth to Athena, Zeus deceived his pregnant wife with cunning words and took her into his own body. S he is, above all, the Goddess of the City, the protectress of civilized life, of artesian activities, and of agriculture.
Hephaestus Hephaestus was the God of fire, especially a blacksmith's furnace. He made all of the armor and weapons for the gods. He was a very peaceful man. He was the son of Zeus and Hera. He married Aphrodite but she never fully committed herself to him. Hephaestus was also called Vulcan, son of Jupiter and Juno. He was the God of fire and of volcanoes. He was the husband of Maia and Venus.
Hestia Hestia was the most gentle and charitable of all the gods. She is the goddess of the hearth, and doesn't play a role in any of the myths. She was the sister of Zeus and the oldest of the Olympians. Her Roman name was Vesta. Vesta was just like Hestia, but she also was the goddess of the personification of the ceremonial flame. Vestal virgins took a vow of chastity for 30 years during which they honored her.
Hermes Hermes supposedly invented boxing and gymnastics. He was the son of Zeus and the constellation Maia. He was the fastest of all the gods. Hermes carries around a magic wand and wears a winged sandals and hat. His roman name is Mercury. Hermes is the messenger god. He was a trickster and a friend of thieves.
Demeter Demeter is the goddess of harvest. Her Roman name is Ceres. She was the sister of Zeus. Her daughter is Persephone. Her daughter lives with Hades each winter and during that time no crops will grow.
Persephone Persephone is the daughter of Demeter and Zeus (before Zeus' marriage with Hera). Her sisters are Athena and Aphrodite. After she was kidnapped, Hades (Zeus' brother) tricked her into eating a pomegranate, which made her Queen of the dead. Also by eating it, it meant she couldn't return to her mother, so she made a compromise she would visit her mother occasionally, but when she was in the underworld, it was winter- which her mother made terrible because of her grief of her daughter. She was married to Hades.
Dionysus Dionysus is the son of Zeus and Semele (a mortal). God of wine and festivities. Dionysus is called "twice born. "He is called this because of the unusual manner in which he grew, which was in the womb, and the thigh. Hera tricked Semele to prove her knowledge of Zeus being a God. So, Zeus had no choice but to reveal himself. The lightning brightness that was his divinity killed Semele, but first, Zeus took the unborn from her womb and sewed it inside his thigh. There it developed until it was time for birth. His symbols are ivy, snakes, and grapes.
Pan Pan was the son of Hermes and Penelope in some myths and the son of Zeus and the nymph Callisto in others. He was the god of flocks and shepherds. He is mostly human in appearance but with goat horns and goat feet. He is a musician and plays the pipes. He is merry and playful. He is at home in any wild place but is favorite is Arcady where he was born. He is always in pursuit of one of the nymphs but always rejected because he is ugly. His name is the basis for the word "panic". There are two differing explanations for this. The first is that he was present when Zeus defeated the Titans and claimed that it has his yelling that caused the Titans to flee. However, this seems at odds with his being Hermes son. The second is that he created the noises in the woods at night the scared travelers.
Janus Janus was used to symbolize change and transitions. Janus was worshipped at the beginnings of the harvest and planting times, as well as marriages, births and other beginnings. He was representative of the middle ground between barbarity and civilization, rural country and urban cities, and youth and adulthood. They had many children, including Tiberinus. Janus and his later wife, Juturna, were the parents of Fontus. Another wife was named Jana. Historically, however, he was one of the few Roman gods who had no ready-made Greek counterpart, or analogous mythology. As the sole ruler of Latium, Janus heralded the Golden Age, introducing money, laws and agriculture (making him a culture hero).