The biosphere

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This is a biosphere powerpoint I've created for a middle school level science class. It's full of fun animated cartoons and facts on both aquatic and terrestrial biomes.

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The biosphere

  1. 1. THE BIOSPHERE<br />Let’s join our animal friends around the world and explore all the Earth’s Biomes from the tallest mountains to the deepest depths of the sea. <br />
  2. 2. Aquatic Biomes Lakes<br />This is any standing body of water and can range from tiny ponds to much larger lakes.<br />The temperature ranges due to the decrease in light with the increase in depth.<br />Some common organisms found in lakes are: <br /> -Photosynthetic which means they need sunlight to make their own food. <br /> Examples: Rooted and aquatic floating plants<br /> -Other organisms are called heterotrophs which cannot make their own food and rely on eating other substances. <br /> Examples: simpler organisms like Zoey zooplankton and her friends, various invertebrates and fish. <br />
  3. 3. Lakes<br />Oh yea, we can lay back and eat as much phytoplankton as we want. You know we also eat other zoo plankton. ..<br />Boy do I like to float on the surface where it’s all warm and bright.<br />Uh -oh<br />
  4. 4. Aquatic Biomes Wetlands<br />Any inundated areas which are areas saturated with water at least some of the time.<br />3 kinds:<br />Basin wetlands-in shallow basins<br />Riverine wetlands- along shallow streams & rivers<br />Fringe wetlands- along coasts of big lakes and/or seas<br />Organisms<br />Photosynthetic- plants like cattails that can grow in water and in soil<br />Heterotrophs- invertebrates, birds, herbivores (plant eaters) & carnivores (meat eaters) like Alfred the alligator. <br />
  5. 5. Wetlands<br />Mmmm those birds sure do look delicious<br />
  6. 6. Aquatic Biomes Streams and Rivers<br />Bodies of water with a current<br />River bottoms are coated with sediments <br />Organisms<br />Photosynthetic- in some warmer climates like the desert and savanna, the headwaters have many aquatic rooted plants and phytoplankton<br />Heterotrophs-fish and invertebrates like Tina the trout<br />
  7. 7. Streams and Rivers<br />I can’t wait to jump in that water!<br />
  8. 8. Aquatic BiomesEstuaries &Intertidal zones<br />Estuaries-The area that transitions between the rivers and seas and can be salt and/or fresh water.<br />Organisms<br />Photosynthetic- grasses, algae, and phytoplankton.<br />Heterotrophs- invertebrates, fish, worms, and crustaceans (like cliff the crab!) etc.<br />Intertidal zones- when a shore is under water part of the time and exposed to the air for the rest.<br />May be rocky or sandy<br />Organisms<br />Photosynthetic-marine algae and sea grass<br />Heterotrophs- organisms that attach to rocks or burrow such as sea sponges, crustaceans, worms and small fish.<br />
  9. 9. Estuaries & Intertidal Zones<br />Intertidal Zones<br />Estuaries<br />I can live in both of these places, but my favorite is the intertidal zones! I just love to burrow!<br />
  10. 10. Aquatic Biomes Ocean Pelagic & Coral Reefs<br />Ocean Pelagic means a huge body of open water.<br />Organisms<br />Photosynthetic- phytoplankton, photosynthetic bacteria<br />Heterotrophs- zooplankton, protists, small invertebrates, and fish as well as squids, fish and marine mammals (like Wallace the Dolphin).<br />Coral Reefs are actually skeletons of coral found near islands, or along the coasts of continents.<br />Organisms<br />Photosynthetic- unicellular, red, and green algae<br />Heterotrophs- coral, fish like Carl the Clownfish, and invertebrates. <br />
  11. 11. Ocean Pelagic & Coral Reefs<br />Ocean Pelagic <br />Coral Reefs<br />Hey did you know the ocean covers 70 percent of the world!?<br />Yikes a shark!<br />
  12. 12. Thanks for exploring the Aquatic Biomes with us!Now we're going to move onto land and discover the Terrestrial Biomes.<br />
  13. 13. Terrestrial Biomes Tropical Rainforest<br />Precipitation- A lot of rainfall (about 200-400cm on average).<br />Temperature- Hot and humid all year round<br />Plants- Characterized by canopy trees with many layers, shrubs, and broadleaf trees.<br />Animals- huge variety of biodiversity including amphibians, birds, reptiles, mammals, insects, spiders, etc. This is the home of amphibian, Trudy the Tree Frog.<br />
  14. 14. Terrestrial Biomes Desert<br />Precipitation- low (less than 30 cm per year)<br />Temperature- varies between seasons and day and night<br />Very cold at night and scorching during the day.<br />50 degrees Celsius to negative 30 degrees Celsius<br />Animals<br />Snakes, lizards, beetles (like Bernie), birds, and rodents.<br />Plants<br />Scattered with small vegetation, and succulents (like cacti)<br />It may look boring, but just wait until nighttime. All the critters come out and play because most of us are nocturnal.<br />
  15. 15. Terrestrial Biomes Savanna & Temperate Grasslands<br />Savanna<br />Precipitation- seasonal rains and periodic droughts<br />Temperature- generally warm (24-29 degrees Celsius)<br />Plants<br />Scattered trees and grasses<br />Adapted to dryness and fires<br />Animals<br />Large Herbivores (like Billy Bison) and antelope<br />Predators (lions and hyenas)<br />Insects <br />Grasslands<br />Precipitation- seasonal (dry winters and wet summers)<br />Temperatures- ranges with cold winters and hot summers.<br />Plants<br />Grasses and forbs (also fire and drought resistant)<br />Animals<br />Large grazers (bison and wild horses) and burrowing mammals.<br />Hey there! I’m Billy Bison and I can’t wait to show you my homes!<br />
  16. 16. Savanna and Temperate Grassland<br />Of course both of these biomes are very similar and both have yummy grasses for me to munch on.<br />Temperate grassland<br />Savanna<br />
  17. 17. Terrestrial Biomes Coniferous & Temperate forests<br />North Coniferous Forests<br />Temperature- Cold, long winters and hot summers<br />Precipitation- 30 to 70 cm with occasional droughts<br />Plants<br />Cone-bearing trees (conifers) <br />Examples: Spruce and pine trees<br />Animals<br />Large mammals such as bears and moose like Morty!<br />They also have migratory birds<br />Temperate Forests<br />Like what we have here in Michigan<br />Precipitation is constant through all seasons<br />Temperature- winters are cold and summers are hot ranging from 0-30 degrees Celsius. <br />Plants<br />Distinct layers like the rainforest (canopy, understory, and shrubs)<br />Deciduous trees like Oak and Maple.<br />Animals<br />Mammals that hibernate like bears and birds that migrate and fly south for the winter.<br />
  18. 18. Coniferous and Temperate Forests<br />Temperate forest<br />Marty says: I prefer the coniferous forests, but when the fall rolls around in temperate forests those trees are bea-u-t-ful.<br />Coniferous Forests<br />
  19. 19. Terrestrial Biomes Tundra<br />Precipitation is generally only 20-60 cm annually<br />Temperature- The winters are long and cold followed by short cooler summers.<br />Animals <br />Large grazing animals like oxen, caribou, and reindeer<br />Predators like wolves and foxes much like Ferdinand<br />Migratory birds<br />Plants<br />Mosses, grasses, forbs, lichens<br />
  20. 20. Tundra<br />The tundra can be beautiful and flowering, but it can also be covered in snow! In the winter my coat even changes color so that I can blend into my surroundings and hide from predators.<br />
  21. 21. And that wraps up all the biomes!Thanks for joining us on our big exploration!<br />
  22. 22. Work Cited<br />Slide #1- Cartoon Earth- http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumblarge_165/1184774648GYH5l5.jpg<br />Slide #2-Plankton- http://games.noaa.gov/seaturtle/images/plankton220.jpg<br />Slide#3- Lake- http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/nave-html/S08/imgsum/263lakes.jpg<br />Slide #3,5,11,14-16-Speech bubble- http://www.boingboing.net/_01Independent-Projects_03Speech-Bubbles_Bubble.jpg<br />Slide #3,9,11, 18- Speech bubble- http://www.wishfulthinking.co.uk/wp-content/speechbubble-1.jpg<br />Slide #3- Pond- http://www.centralpark.com/pages/attractions/pond.jpg<br />Slide #3, 7,20- Speech bubble- http://forum.weborum.com/josh/finalbubble.jpg<br />Slide #4- alligator- http://www.graphicsfactory.com/clip-art/image_files/tn_image/8/582928-tn_allegator700.gif<br />Slide#5- Alligator- http://i31.tinypic.com/154ks4j.gif<br />Slide #5- wetland- http://www.waroona.wa.gov.au/services_and_facilities/community_development/Hamel%20Wetland/Hamel%20Wetlands%20-%20Birds%201<br />Slide #6,7- trout- http://www.how-to-draw-cartoons-online.com/image-files/how-to-draw-a-fish-10.gif<br />Slide #7- River- http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/nave-html/S08/imgsum/233streams.jpg<br />Slide #8, 9- Crab- http://www.bradfitzpatrick.com/store/images/products/a008-cartoon-crab-clipart.jpg<br />Slide#9- estuary- http://room19vv.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/.pond/estuaries.jpg.w300h225.jpg<br />
  23. 23. Work Cited Cont…<br />Slide #9-estuary- http://www.iwight.com/living_here/environment/estuaries/images/5IslandEstuaries01.jpg<br />Slide#9-Intertidal Zone- http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/Newport_beach.jpg<br />Slide #10, 11- Clownfish- http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/10068351/2/istockphoto_10068351-googly-eyed-clown-fish.jpg<br />Slide#10, 11- dolphin- http://www.fotosearch.com/bthumb/CSP/CSP105/k1051597.jpg<br />Slide#11- Open Ocean- http://c1.ecolocalizer.com/files/2009/07/whitesharkcreativecommons.jpg<br />Slide #11-Open Ocean- http://www.davidstauffer.com/caribbean2007/pictures/Caribbean%20Cruise%202007%20-%20Disney%20Magic%20-%20Open%20Ocean%20-%20Sail%20Boat%2001.jpg<br />Slide#12- Coral Reef- http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_zGrseSbwSE4/S7v6Z6MDFzI/AAAAAAAAAI8/4MdvTW0Ic4o/s1600/coral_reef_3d_screensavers-185850-3.jpeg<br />Slide #13- Tree Frog- http://www.balloonmaniacs.com/images/treefrogredheliumballoon.jpg<br />Slide#13-Rainforest- http://www.svbchemicals.com/rainforest1.jpg<br />Slide#14- desert- http://www.bugbog.com/images/galleries/namibia_pictures/namib_desert_pictures.jpg<br />Slide#14- beetle- http://www.speedysigns.com/images/decals/jpg/H/345/19.jpg<br />Slide #15- temperate grassland- http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210360/grasslands_lrg.jpg<br />Slide #15- savanna- http://room42.wikispaces.com/file/view/4savanna.jpg/34448245/4savanna.jpg<br />Slide# 14, 15- bison- http://www.andreadams.com/assets/watermark%20files/yak.jpg<br />Slide #17- moose- http://www.how-to-draw-funny-cartoons.com/image-files/cartoon-moose-9.gif<br />
  24. 24. Work Cited Cont…<br />Slide#17 -Coniferous forest-http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/Images/picconiferous.jpg<br />Slide#17 -Temperate Forest- http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/Images/pictemperate.jpg<br />Slide #17 -Coniferous Forest- http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_w2R5TyJ6IFI/S5Wgl085jVI/AAAAAAAAAU4/j1xRmmDeY6U/s400/Coniferous+forest+in+snow.jpg<br />Slide #19- Tundra- http://biomef.wikispaces.com/file/view/17HannahFrostyTundraPic.jpg/32753247/17HannahFrostyTundraPic.jpg<br />Slide #18,19- Fox- http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/9787533/2/istockphoto_9787533-cartoon-red-fox.jpg<br />Slide#19- Tundra- http://room42.wikispaces.com/file/view/caribou_tundra.jpg/34402539/caribou_tundra.jpg<br />Campbell, Neil A., Jane B. Reece, Lisa Andrea. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven Alexander. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, and Robert Bradley Jackson. Biology. San Francisco: Pearson, Benjamin Cummings, 2008. Print.<br />

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