Descriptive text

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Descriptive text

  1. 1. Descriptive Text &Hortatory Exposition Brought to you by : Anindya Mandy (…) Firly Septian (…) Gianina Dinda (15) Rachmanisa P (…) Sakinah (31)
  2. 2. AbilitiesAfter we learn this presentation, we will be able to:1. Understand the purposes.2. Differentiated each text.3. Make an example of the text.
  3. 3. Descriptive Text
  4. 4. DEFINITION“Descriptive text is about sensory experience—how something looks, sounds, tastes” Teks yang menjelaskan tentang pengalaman yang berhubungan dengan pancaindera, seperti apa bentuknya, suaranya, rasanya.
  5. 5. PURPOSE “To describe a particular person, place or thing”“Mendeskribsikan seseorang, tempat atau barang”
  6. 6. Generic Structures1. Identification : identifies the phenomenon to be described. (Berisi tentang identifikasi hal / seorang yang akan dideskripsikan.)2. Description: describes parts, qualities, characteristics. (Berisi tentang penjelasan / penggambaran tentang hal / seseorang dengan menyebutkan beberapa sifatnya.)
  7. 7. Linguistic Features• Tenses : Present Tense Verbal Sentence : Nominal Sentence :• Focusing on a particular subject.• There is identification placed on the 1st paragraph.
  8. 8. ShellyIdentification I like animals very much, especially I keep a cat in my house. She is called Shelly. Shelly is aDescription Siamese breed. I have raised her since she was a small ugly kitten. Now she looks quite different from what it did 4 years ago. Shelly has grown up into a teenage cat with excellent white fur. Her eyes are of colour similar to that of a piece of green jade. They illuminate in the dark. Also, Shelly is very dainty about food. She eats only fish and never seems to like any kind of meat. Shelly helps me to feel recharge again after long hours study. When I run she runs with me, when I cry she is come on my lap. She watches tv and plays remote control. I love Shelly so much.
  9. 9. Translation Shelly Aku sangat menyukai binatang, lagipula aku jugamemelihara seekor kucing di rumah. Dia dipanggil Shelly. Dia kucingperanakan Siamese. Aku membesarkannya sejak ia masih seekorkucing kecil yang jelek. Sekarang dia sangat berbeda dari 4 tahunyang lalu. Ia tumbuh menjadi kucing remaja yang sempurna denganbulunya yang putih. Warna mata nya sama dengan warna batu giokhijau. Matanya bersinar didalam gelap. Ia juga suka memilih-milihmakanan. Ia hanya akan makan kalau ikan dan kelihatannya diatidak pernah suka berbagai jenis daging. Shelly membuatku nyaman setelah lama belajar. Ketika akuberlari ia berlari, ketika aku menangis dia duduk di pangkuanku. Diamenonton televisi dan menggunakan remote. Aku cinta Shelly.
  10. 10. Hortatory Exposition
  11. 11. Definition• Hortatory : "tending or aiming to exhort“ ("cenderung atau bertujuan mendorong / mendesak orang lain untuk melakukan sesuatu").• Exposition : "a comprehensive description and explanation of a theory" ("Penjelasan dan penjabaran sebuah teori secara komprehensif").
  12. 12. PurposeTo persuade the listeners or the readers thatsomething should/should not be in the case.(Membujuk pendengar atau pembaca bahwasesuatu seharusnya/tidak seharusnya terjadi)
  13. 13. Generic Structure1. Thesis : Statement or announcement of issue concern. (Pernyataan pendapat)2. Arguments : Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation. (Pendapat)3. Recommendation : Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the given arguments. (Saran)
  14. 14. Linguistic Features1. A hortatory exposition focuses on generic human and non human participants, except for speaker or writer referring to self.2.It uses mental processes. It is used to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something. For example: realize, feel etc.3.It often needs material processes. It is used to state what happens, e.g. ….has polluted… etc.4.It usually uses Simple Present Tense and Present Perfect Tense.5.Enumeration is sometimes necessary to show the list of given arguments: Firstly, secondly …, Finally, etc.
  15. 15. Mobile Phones Should Not be Banned in School [Tittle] Mobile phones is not used just for calling, but sending text, taking pictures,accessing internet, and much more.Many students bring their phones to school. Forthem, mobile phone has many uses. So, mobile phones should not be banned inschool. Why do I said that? [Thesis] Firstly, students call their parents for other needs. By mobile phone,student can call or their close relative if they need something to be brought toschool. In addition, mobile phone can be used to call their children when one oftheir family were hit by disasters suddenly. And then, student can called theirparent to pick her up when want to go home. [Arguments] Secondly, increased of knowledge among students. When trying to findanswer of difficult task at school, mobile phone can be used as a connecting tosearch the answer through GPRS or WiFi networks. [Arguments] Finally, expand the network of friendship among students. School is theright place to find friend. Average, student been at school about 7 hours or more.So that, alot of students found their friend in the school environment . Therefore,communication between friends should be kept on of which using a mobile phone.[Arguments] So, i think mobile phone should not be banned in school. But, use yourphone in the time and right place so that no one was disturbed. [Recommendation]
  16. 16. Handphone Seharusnya Tidak Dilarang di SekolahHp tidak hanya digunakan untuk menelfon, tapi juga berkirim sms, mengambilfoto, internatan dan banyak lagi.Banyak murid yang membawa hp mereka ke sekolah. Bagi mereka hape memilikibanyak kegunaan. Jadi hape seharusnya tidak dilarang di sekolah. Mengapa sayaberkata demikian?Pertama, mereka menelfon orang tua mereka jika ada sesuatu yang mendesak.Mereka dapat menelfon saudara mereka jika mereka membutuhkan sesuatu darirumah. Dan lagi, hape bisa digunakan untuk menelfon saudara jika hari itumengalami kecelakaan. Kemudian para murid dapat menelfon orang tua merekajika sudah saatnya pulang.Kedua, bertambahnya ilmu pengetahuan para siswa. Ketika meraka hendakmenjawab tugas sekolah yang sulit, hape dapat menjadi sangat membantu.Yang terakhir, memperluas jaringan pertemanan diantara para siswa. Sekolahadalah tempat yang tepat untuk mencari teman. Rata-rata murid menghabiskanwaktu nya 7 jam perhari di sekolah. Jadi tentulah banyak yang dapat dijadikanteman dilingkungan sekolah. Maka dari itu, komunikasi diantara teman harustetap dijaga dengan hape.Jadi, menurut saya hape tidak boleh dilarang disekolah. Tapi gunakanlah hape muditempat dan waktu yang tepat jadi tidak ada yang terganggu.
  17. 17. Thanks for watching,Visit our website : britishcouncil.org Hope you enjoy it :*

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