Unexpected effects of rescue robots’team-membership in a virtual environmentISCRAM - 15 May 2013Corine Horsch, Nanja Smets...
Urban Search And Rescue (USAR)Maybe robots can help?
„A basic compact‟Maintain common groundDirectabilityPredictability4 basic requirements for teams(Klein, Woods, Bradshaw, H...
The four requirements influence other conceptsShared situation awareness (SSA)“Reflection of how similarly individualsperc...
When a robot is made a team playerdoes team performance increaseand if so can this be explained byincreased shared situati...
38 teams: 2 humans + 2 robotsTask: find victims as fast as possible in virtual officeDV: team performance, SSA, and TIIV: ...
Interactive mapcontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - ...
Condition 1:Robot as a tool: no team membershipOnly human-human collaborationNo interactive map, but pen and paperConditio...
Video of experimentcontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanatio...
context - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and...
When a robot is made a team playerdoes team performance increaseand if so can this be explained byincreased shared situati...
Results – time performanceF(2,29) = 2.45, p = .104, r = .38context - robot as team player - related concepts - research qu...
Vocal communicationF(2,35) = 3.42, p = .044, r = .40context - robot as team player - related concepts - research question ...
When a robot is made a team playerdoes team performance increaseand if so can this be explained byincreased shared situati...
Collaboration vs. interaction(Breazeal, Brooks, Gray, Hoffman, Kidd, Lee, … Chilongo, 2004)Include only participants who k...
We expected that team membership would increase teamperformance: opposite shownWe expected that SSA and TI could explain t...
Thanks for your attentionRelated presentation at 13:45 in room 10Questions and remarksNIFTi (www.nifti.eu)Is funded by the...
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Unexpected Effects of Rescue Robots’ Team-Membership in a virtual Environment

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Corine Horsch, Nanja Smets, Mark Neerincx, and Raymond Cuijpers on the "Unexpected Effects of Rescue Robots’ Team-Membership in a virtual Environment" at ISCRAM 2013 in Baden-Baden.

10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
12-15 May 2013, Baden-Baden, Germany

Published in: Technology
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Unexpected Effects of Rescue Robots’ Team-Membership in a virtual Environment

  1. 1. Unexpected effects of rescue robots’team-membership in a virtual environmentISCRAM - 15 May 2013Corine Horsch, Nanja Smets, Mark Neerincx, Raymond Cuijpers
  2. 2. Urban Search And Rescue (USAR)Maybe robots can help?
  3. 3. „A basic compact‟Maintain common groundDirectabilityPredictability4 basic requirements for teams(Klein, Woods, Bradshaw, Hoffman, & Feltovich, 2004)context - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  4. 4. The four requirements influence other conceptsShared situation awareness (SSA)“Reflection of how similarly individualsperceive, comprehend, and interpretthe situation’s information.”(Bolstad et al., 2005)Maintain common groundprobably influences SSASSA team performanceTeam identification (TI)“The perception of oneness with orbelongingness to a group, involvingdirect or vicarious experience of itssuccesses and failures.” (Ashforth &Meal, 1989)A basic compact probablyinfluences TITI  team performancecontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  5. 5. When a robot is made a team playerdoes team performance increaseand if so can this be explained byincreased shared situational awareness orteam identificationResearch questioncontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  6. 6. 38 teams: 2 humans + 2 robotsTask: find victims as fast as possible in virtual officeDV: team performance, SSA, and TIIV: level of team membership of the robotMethod in shortcontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  7. 7. Interactive mapcontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  8. 8. Condition 1:Robot as a tool: no team membershipOnly human-human collaborationNo interactive map, but pen and paperCondition 2:Low level of team membershipCondition 3:Robot as a full team memberInteractive mapRobot spoke in certain situations3 levels of team membership: 3 conditionscontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  9. 9. Video of experimentcontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  10. 10. context - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future workVideo
  11. 11. When a robot is made a team playerdoes team performance increaseand if so can this be explained byincreased shared situational awareness orteam identificationResearch questioncontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  12. 12. Results – time performanceF(2,29) = 2.45, p = .104, r = .38context - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  13. 13. Vocal communicationF(2,35) = 3.42, p = .044, r = .40context - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  14. 14. When a robot is made a team playerdoes team performance increaseand if so can this be explained byincreased shared situational awareness orteam identificationResearch questioncontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  15. 15. Collaboration vs. interaction(Breazeal, Brooks, Gray, Hoffman, Kidd, Lee, … Chilongo, 2004)Include only participants who know each other (Team Identification)Include workload measureLimitations and future workcontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  16. 16. We expected that team membership would increase teamperformance: opposite shownWe expected that SSA and TI could explain team performance: noevidence providedBased on this experiment making robots more like a team player isnot a good idea, however, when implementation is optimized we stillbelieve it could increase performanceConclusioncontext - robot as team player - related concepts - research question - method - results and explanation - limitations and future work
  17. 17. Thanks for your attentionRelated presentation at 13:45 in room 10Questions and remarksNIFTi (www.nifti.eu)Is funded by the EU FP7 Programme, ICT Cognitive Systems, Interaction, Robotics, Project #247870

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