A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management Systems

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Marlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, and Stefan Sackmann on "A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management Systems" at ISCRAM 2013 in Baden-Baden.

10th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
12-15 May 2013, Baden-Baden, Germany

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A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management Systems

  1. 1. InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsA Novel Architecture for Disaster ResponseWorkflow Management Systems10th International Conference on Information Systemsfor Crisis Response and ManagementArchitecture of Emergency Management Information SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, and Stefan SackmannChair of Business InformaticsDepartment of Information Systems and Operations ResearchMartin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberghttp://informationsmanagement.wiwi.uni-halle.de
  2. 2. 2InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannAgenda1. Similar structure and goals in DRM and modern BPM2. Basic functionalities of modern DRWfMS for DRM3. Challenges in DRM and open issues for DRWfMS4. Extended functional requirements for DRWfMS5. Integrated architecture for DRWfMS & Case Study
  3. 3. 3AINA 2013March 25-28, 2013InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsSimilar structure of disaster responseprocesses and business processesBusinessProcessManagement&WorkflowManagementSystems
  4. 4. 4InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannSimilar goals in DRM andmodern BPMDRM BPMcoordination and management of (running) processesprocess transparency & process qualitytime advantages by process optimizationmanagement of resources, communication & delegationmanagement of highly dynamic, adaptive processesBPM & DRM aim at similar goals and(disaster response) WfMS provide the required IT-support!()DRP+ +E.g. AristaFlow® BPM Suite, iTaskStrategicTacticalOperational
  5. 5. 5InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannDesignofDRPExecutionofDRPBasic functionalities of modern DRWfMS for DRMX X (X) X XX X X X(X)n.i.X XX X X (X) X(semi-) automated selection ofresponse activities(X)(X)n.i.(X)n.i.(semi-) automated analysis ofinterdependencies & restrictions(X)n.i.(X) (X)automated determination andproposal of DRP modelsX (X)(X)n.i.XXn.i.XR1R2R3R4Referenceto“Adapt”adaptive WfMS allowing real-timeadaptation of DRP(semi-)automated instantiationand execution of DRPprovision of information access oncontextual dataprovision of a GUI for visualizationof conflictsn.i.: not implementedCrucial challenges:DRP are highly dynamic and subject to a continuous process adaptation! Workflow models of DRP can not be specified in advance in detail butworkflow instances must be continuously adapted at run time.
  6. 6. 6InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannChallenges in DRMNuclearplant on fireShut downreactorAlarm civilprotectionNuclear plantunder control+ +Send firefighting vehiclesfire fightingCordon offareaEvacuatepeopleSend fire fightinghelicoptersConsideration of interdependenciesIntegration of methods for (semi-) automated data analysis and processadaptation might facilitate the application of DRWfMS in practice.
  7. 7. 7InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannDesignofDRPExecutionofDRPExtended functional requirements for DRWfMSX X (X) X XX X X X(X)n.i.X XX X X (X) X(X)(X)n.i.(X)n.i.(X)n.i.(X) (X)X (X)(X)n.i.XXn.i.XR1R2R3R4Referenceto“Adapt”n.i.: not implementedadaptive WfMS allowing real-timeadaptation of DRP(semi-)automated instantiationand execution of DRPprovision of information access oncontextual dataprovision of a GUI for visualizationof conflicts(semi-) automated selection ofresponse activities(semi-) automated analysis ofinterdependencies & restrictionsautomated determination andproposal of DRP modelsR5R6R7
  8. 8. 8InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannIntegrated architecture for DRWfMSDisaster Response WfMSDisaster Process AnalyserGeo Information SystemEnterprise Ressource Planing SystemAdaptive WfMSExternal Information ReceiverExternal Context Information ProviderUserInterfaceInformation ManagerProcess Modeling and Adaption EngineInterdependency AnalyserDisasterRuleRepositoryProcessTemplateRepositoryR1, R2R3R4R5R6R7
  9. 9. 9InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannExemplary Processing and Interplay ofArchitecture ComponentsDisaster Response WfMSDisaster Process AnalyserGeo Information SystemEnterprise Ressource Planing SystemAdaptive WfMSExternal Information ReceiverExternal Context Information ProviderUserInterfaceInformation ManagerProcess Modeling and Adaption EngineInterdependency AnalyserDisaster RuleRepositoryProcessTemplateRepositoryInformation ManagerCall interdependency analyzer+ +Interdependency Analyser+ +Call Process Modeling and Adoption EngineProcess Modeling and Adaption Engine+ +ASubmit to WfMSA+ +
  10. 10. 10InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannConclusion & OutlookApplication of DRWfMS might improve transparency of DRP and facilitates process adaptation.Integrating BPM methods in DRWfMS provides new opportunities for DRP analysis.Current research:• Prototypic module of “Interdependency Analyzer“ is in development.• A first method to identify place-related conflicts and restrictions in DRP is already implementedUpcoming research:• Determination of appropriate process adaptations based on identified conflicts.• Further development of missing DRWfMS modules• Search for practice partners for evaluation and improvement of DRWfMSPresented holistic DRWfMS Architecture covers the crucial requirements of DRM.
  11. 11. 11InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannContactMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke and Stefan Sackmannmarlen.hofmann | hans.betke | stefan.sackmann@wiwi.uni-halle.deChair of Business InformaticsDepartment of Information Systems and Operations ResearchMartin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberghttp://informationsmanagement.wiwi.uni-halle.de
  12. 12. 12InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannBusiness Process (BP)++Disaster Response Process (DRP)+ +
  13. 13. 13InformationManagementChair of BusinessInformaticsISCRAM 2013,May12 – 15, 2013A Novel Architecture for Disaster Response Workflow Management SystemsMarlen Hofmann, Hans Betke, amd Stefan SackmannExecutionofDRPDesignofDRPFunctional Requirements for DRWfMSadaptive WfMS allowing real-timeadaptation of DRPX X (X) X X(semi-)automated instantiationand execution of DRPX X X Xprovision of information access oncontextual data(X)n.i.X Xprovision of a GUI for visualizationof conflictsX X X (X) X(semi-) automated selection ofresponse activities(X)n.i.(X)(X)n.i.(semi-) automated analysis ofinterdependencies & restrictions(X)(X)n.i.(X)automated determination andproposal of DRP modelsXXn.i.X (X)(X)n.i.XR1R2R3R4R5R6R7Referenceto“Adapt”n.i.: not implementedMethods for (semi-) automated data analysis and process adaptation areadaptive WfMS allowing real-timeadaptation of DRP

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