Shutter speeds spring 2014

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All about camera shutter speeds and movement.

All about camera shutter speeds and movement.

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  • 1. All about capturing the action
  • 2. Types of Shutters
  • 3. Shutter Types : Leaf  Generally located in lens  Will synchronize with flash at any speed  Older form of shutter  Found on larger format camera (2 1/2, 645, 4x5, 8x10, etc.)
  • 4. Curtain Shutter
  • 5. Shutter Types: Focal Plain Curtain  Located in body just in front of film  Will synchronize with flash generally below 60  Popular in 1950’s — 90’s
  • 6. Shutter Types: Focal Plain Metal Leafs  Usually moves vertically  Modern design — 1990’s to present  Will synchronize with flash generally below 60
  • 7. Modern Shutter Assembly
  • 8. How a Shutter Works http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fyqbIuTz RVI
  • 9. Shutter Firing Sequence
  • 10. Watch Shutter in Action http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PLxUuT biU3E#t=52
  • 11. Effect of Shutter Time
  • 12. Shutter Speeds  Measured in fractions of a second.  Some cameras will have shutter speeds of up to 8 seconds.  Some cameras will have a “B” (bulb) setting for longer exposures.  Most cameras will synchronize with flash at 1/60 sec.
  • 13. Shutter Speed Examples
  • 14. Shutter Speed Differences Fast 1/500 @ ƒ/8 ISO 1600 Slow 1/15 @ ƒ/8 ISO 100
  • 15. Shutter Speed Tutorials http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tA2yQ22 YGD8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgzbEX z96G4&list=PL7oSJZZPa8oCfhEgiTTiP7h LDNG--Uz_y
  • 16. ISO 200 SS 60 ƒ/11 ISO 200 SS 500 ƒ/4.5 ISO 200 SS 30 ƒ16 ISO 200 SS 15 ƒ/22  Faster SS look  Stop action  Clear  Crisp  Slower SS look  Show movement  Blurry  Feathery
  • 17. Slow Shutter Speeds 30 15 8 4 2 1s 2s B
  • 18. Shutter Speed Differences Slow Medium 1/60 @ ƒ/5.6 ISO 50 Low 1/4 @ ƒ/16 ISO 50
  • 19. Slow Shutter Speeds  Lower (slower) numbers let more light into camera.  Slower shutter speeds show motion.  Never hand-hold camera below 60.  Use tripod for shutter speeds under 60.  Use cable or remote release when using tripod.
  • 20. Slow Shutter Speeds  Kodachrome 64 ISO  Tripod & Cable Release  40m @ƒ/16 exposure  2 hrs. after sunset
  • 21. Slow Shutter Speeds  Kodachrome 64 ISO  Tripod & Cable Release  5m @ƒ/16 exposure  Just after sunset
  • 22. Slow Shutter Speeds  Kodachrome 64 ISO  Tripod & Cable Release  2h @ƒ/16 exposure  2 hours after sunset
  • 23. Slow Shutter Speeds  Digital  Braced hand-held  .3s @ƒ/5.6 exposure  Just after sunset
  • 24. Slow Shutter Speeds  Digital 100 ISO  Braced hand-held  30 @ƒ/2.5 exposure  Filtered sunlight
  • 25. Slow Shutter Speeds  Digital 400 ISO  Tripod  8s @ƒ/3.9 exposure  9 p.m. Thanksgiving
  • 26. Slow Shutter Speeds  Digital 400 ISO  Tripod  8s @ƒ/3.9 exposure  9 p.m. Thanksgiving
  • 27. Slow Shutter Speeds  Digital 400 ISO  Tripod  8s @ƒ/3.9 exposure  9 p.m. Thanksgiving
  • 28. Slow Shutter Speeds  Tri-X Pan 400 ISO  Tripod  30s @ƒ/16 exposure  Cloudy filtered through trees
  • 29. Slow Shutter Speeds  Xanon 5D  Tripod  ISO 200 ƒ/11 @ 4  Cloudy filtered through trees
  • 30. Slow Shutter Speeds  Kodachrome 64 ISO  Tripod  30s @ƒ/16 exposure  Cloudy filtered through trees
  • 31. Slow Shutter Speeds  3M Tungsten 500 ISO  Tripod  2m @ƒ/16 exposure  Midnight
  • 32. Slow Shutter Speeds  3M Tungsten 500 ISO  Tripod  2m @ƒ/16 exposure  Midnight Winter, 1986
  • 33. Slow Shutter Speeds  3M Tungsten 500 ISO  Tripod  2m @ƒ/16 exposure  Midnight
  • 34. Slow Shutter Speeds  Kodachrome 64 ISO  Tripod  5m @ƒ/16 exposure  9:30 p.m.
  • 35. Slow Shutter Speeds  Kodachrome 64 ISO  Tripod  30s @ƒ/16 exposure  9 p.m.
  • 36. Slow Shutter Speeds  Fuji S3pro digital  Tripod  ISO 200  30s @ƒ/32 exposure  5:30 p.m. Veteran's Day
  • 37. Slow Shutter Speeds  Canon 5D  Tripod  ISO 50  30s @ƒ/22 exposure  Aug. 15, 2008
  • 38. Fast Shutter Speeds Higher (faster) numbers require more light. Faster shutter speeds stop motion. Always use 250 or greater to stop human action. Wait for peak of “hang time.”
  • 39. Fast Shutter Speeds  Always use 250 or greater to stop human action.  Wait for peak of “hang time.”
  • 40. Fast Shutter Speeds  Always use 250 or greater to stop human action.  Wait for peak of “hang time.”
  • 41. Fast Shutter Speed  Canon 5D  Digital RAW  3200 ISO  1,000 @ ƒ/16
  • 42. Fast Shutter Speed  Canon 5D  Digital RAW  400 ISO  500 @ ƒ/11  400 mm lens
  • 43. Fast Shutter Speed  400 ISO  1,000 @ ƒ/8
  • 44. Fast Shutter Speed  Canon 5D  Digital RAW  400 ISO  500 @ ƒ/16  400 mm lens
  • 45. Fast Shutter Speed  Canon 5D  Digital RAW  800 ISO  1,000 @ ƒ/9 (8)  400 mm lens
  • 46. Fast Shutter Speed  Canon 5D  Digital RAW  1,600 ISO  800 @ ƒ/11  400 mm lens w/2x
  • 47. Fast Shutter Speed  Canon 5D  Digital RAW  400 mm lens  800 ISO  500 @ ƒ/25 (22)
  • 48. Fast Shutter Speed  Tri-X Pan 400 ISO  Push-processed to 1600 EI  250 @ ƒ/8
  • 49. Fast Shutter Speed  Tri-X Pan 400 ISO  Push-processed to 1600 EI  250 @ ƒ/2.5
  • 50. Fast Shutter Speed  Tri-X Pan 400 ISO  Push-processed to 1600 EI  250 @ ƒ/2.5
  • 51. Fast Shutter Speed  Digital  ISO 3200  500 @ ƒ/4.5
  • 52. Fast Shutter Speed  Canon 5D  ISO 400  125 @ ƒ/16
  • 53. Fast Shutter Speed  Digital  ISO 3200  250 @ ƒ/4.5
  • 54. Fast Shutter Speed  Digital  ISO 3200  500 @ ƒ/4.5
  • 55. Panning “Stopping” the subject while showing background motion blur
  • 56. Panning Photographer stays in one place rotating the camera along the same plane as the subject movement following the motion.
  • 57. Panning http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PdAvGj C_kc&list=PL7oSJZZPa8oCfhEgiTTiP7hL DNG--Uz_y http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TiYAHIw wuOw&list=PL7oSJZZPa8oCfhEgiTTiP7hL DNG--Uz_y
  • 58. Panning
  • 59. Panning  Slower shutter speed  Usually SS less than 1/125 sec.  Camera follows movement of subject  Background will show movement parallel to subject’s movement  Subject is clear, in focus, action “stopped.”
  • 60. Flashes & Shutter Speeds A quick look
  • 61. Flash Synchronization  It is the synchronizing the firing of a photographic flash with the opening of a shutter  Often shortened to flash sync or flash synch. 
  • 62. Flash Sync
  • 63. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 5,000
  • 64. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 5,000
  • 65. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 5,000
  • 66. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 5,000
  • 67. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 5,000
  • 68. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 5,000
  • 69. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 1,000
  • 70. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 1,000
  • 71. Using a Flash  Shutter Speed @60  Electronic Flash @ 1,000