Canadienne Cows <ul><li>Originated from various breeds of cows, particularly from the Normandy region of France and Brittany </li></ul><ul><li>The various breeds combined to make the Canadienne breed were first brought to Canada in the 17 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Bred as a hardy cow, it was mostly associated with Quebec, it acclimatized to the country well, and was recognised as a breed in the 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>It used to be a dairy cow found widely across eastern Canada, but was run to near extinction in the 1800’s as a way to rid Canada of something so blatantly French, and to stifle to French Canadian individualism </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1850 rival breeds began to force the dilution of the Canadienne’s purity, and so farmers in 1886 set up a Canadienne cattle breeds herd book to standardize them. </li></ul><ul><li>They were also cross bred with Brown Swiss breed cows to help improve their genetics, but ultimately the gain was not so much, and it served only to further bring down the purity of the breed. </li></ul><ul><li>The Canadienne cow being nearly extinct, the preservation of the bloodlines is crucial </li></ul><ul><li>In Charlevoix, the historical relevance is respected, and it is home to 35% of the purebred cattle in Quebec. There are development projects in actions for its milk </li></ul>
<ul><li>“ Today the breed’s numbers fluctuate around 1,000 heads, but most have less than 93.75% of pure Canadienne blood (percentage required for purebred status), and possess Brown Swiss genes. Purebred or pure-blooded numbers are inferior to 250 females, of which fewer than one hundred have never been cross-bred.” </li></ul><ul><li>~ Association de mise en valeur des bovins de race canadienne dans Charlevoix~ </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Canadienne cow’s contribution to Quebec’s cheese makes them a vital part of the Quebec dairy economy, and their place in history should lend them a respected place. </li></ul>
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