They produce a cheese called Sirene, about 20 kilos are made each day, 400 kilos each year. Yogurt, which originated in Bulgaria, is also made each day. The sheep are milked twice a day. With out these sheep there would be no Sirene or traditional Bulgarian Yogurt - called Kiselomleko Why Is the Product on the Art of Taste?
In 1957, during the nationalization of the farming practice, the number is decreased to 158 896 individuals. At that time the socialist government decided to replace the local breeds of sheep with foreign,fine-fleeced. As a consequence of the state policy the local breeds had been massively crossbred with other breeds The Issues Surrounding Karakachan Sheep
the Karakachan sheep is categorized as endangered It is the total population size of the breed is less than 2000 specimen According to the official data of the government a flock of purebred Karakachansheep is kept as gene material in the Institute of Mountain Livestock breeding in the town of Troyan The flock number is about 120 sheep and is without a ram. The sheep have clear signs of hybridization -white and softer wool, long tails, larger height and untypical head From the articles looked at it does not look good for a long term place in the food chain What Steps Have been taken to ensure the sheeps long term place in the food chain?
The Bulgarian Biodiversity Preservation Society, Semperviva, has been active for the breeding of Karakachanlivestock The project for saving the three Karakachan breeds is initiated by the BBPS– Semperviva Different agencies and institutions are involved in this project Main partners of the project are local private farmers from Kresna municipality in Pirin mountain and the Balkani Wildlife Society Who Are the key figures in its revival and survival?