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Karakachan   Sheep
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  • 1. Karakachan Sheep
  • 2. They produce a cheese called Sirene, about 20 kilos are made each day, 400 kilos each year. Yogurt, which originated in Bulgaria, is also made each day. The sheep are milked twice a day.
    With out these sheep there would be no Sirene or traditional Bulgarian Yogurt - called Kiselomleko
    Why Is the Product on the Art of Taste?
  • 3. In 1957, during the
    nationalization of the farming practice, the number is decreased to 158 896 individuals.
    At that time the socialist government decided to replace the local breeds of sheep with foreign,fine-fleeced.
    As a consequence of the state policy the local breeds had been massively crossbred with other breeds
    The Issues Surrounding Karakachan Sheep
  • 4. the Karakachan sheep is categorized as endangered
    It is the total population size of the breed is less than 2000 specimen
    According to the official data of the government a flock of purebred Karakachansheep is kept as gene material in the Institute of Mountain Livestock breeding in the town of Troyan
    The flock number is about 120 sheep and is without a ram.
    The sheep have clear signs of hybridization -white and softer wool, long tails, larger height and untypical head
    From the articles looked at it does not look good for a long term place in the food chain
    What Steps Have been taken to ensure the sheeps long term place in the food chain?
  • 5. The Bulgarian Biodiversity Preservation Society, Semperviva, has been active for the breeding of Karakachanlivestock
    The project for saving the three Karakachan breeds is initiated by the BBPS– Semperviva
    Different agencies and institutions are involved in this project
    Main partners of the project are local private farmers from Kresna municipality in Pirin mountain and the Balkani Wildlife Society
    Who Are the key figures in its revival and survival?