What is Community Radio? Stratessence [email_address] http://stratessence.com
What is Community Radio?
A CRS is characterized by its ownership and programming and the community it is authorized to serve. It is owned and controlled by a NPO whose structure provides for membership, management, operation and programming primarily by members of the community at large. Its programming should be based on community access and participation and should reflect the special interests and needs of the listnership it is licensed to serve.
- Independent Radio and Television Commission of Ireland
Be You, Be New, and Be True
Participation is the KEY WORD
Participation in ascertaining needs & preferences
Participation in producing programs
Participation in presentation
Participation in evaluation
Benefits of CR: Democracy in Air
Media of the marginalized
Sustainability: Social & Financial
Social Sustainability and Social Capital in the community for development
Financial sustainability through low cost solutions, and innovative programming
CR in India: Policy Guidelines
CR licensing is available for most of the community based NPOs
Applicant Organization should be at least 3 years old with a ‘proven record’ of at least 3 years of service to the local community
One CR license per applicant Organization
Designed to serve a specific well-defined local community
Ownership and management structure reflective of the community
Relevance to educational, developmental, social and cultural needs of the community
Policy Guidelines Contd.
At Least 50% of the content should be generated with community participation
CRS can broadcast 5 minutes of ads per hour, relating to local events, local businesses and services
News programs “of an otherwise political nature” are banned on CRS
CRS are expected to cover a range of 5-10 km
Maximum allowed Effective Radiated Power (ERP) for a transmitter is 100 watts
The maximum height of the antenna above the ground level is restricted to 30 metres.
CR in India: Best Practices
Kunjal Paanje Kutchji (Saras Crane of our Kutch)
Chala Ho Gaon Mein , Palamau, Jharkhand
Namma Dhwani (Our Voice), Budikote, Karnataka
Raghav FM Mansoorpur One , Vaishali, Bihar
CR in India: How to Start
For a detailed information about fees and other formalities, please refer to “Community Radio Guidelines 2006” available through MIB.
CR in India: The Road Ahead
In coming 3-5 years, Indian will have over 4000 CRS, spread all across the country
From CR to Community Media Centres
The CR Policy will enable the creation of a “ people centered, inclusive and development-oriented information society, where everyone can create, access, utilize and share information and knowledge”.
http://mail.sarai.net/mailman/listinfo/cr-india (A list on CR in India)
www.mib.nic.in (Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, India)
“ Community radio in India: A Study”, Kanchan Kumar, 2005 ( http://www.exchange4media.com/e4m/radio/macrovie4.asp )
For more Information For more information If you want to know more about Community Radio and the process of setting it up, do email us at [email_address]