Pakistan Innovation Foundation
Presents
Semi Finalists of the Ideas Contest 2013
Pakistan Innovation Foundation’s Ideas Co...
When in a new area, it is hard to
find the nearest hospital. In times
of an accident, finding the
nearest medical centre i...
Tourism sector in Pakistan is
relatively under-developed and
there is no consolidated source of
information regarding pote...
One of the major issues with
energy is non-payment of bills.
WAPDA employees are not
available to take meter readings,
may...
Contamination of water is a
major issue in Pakistan. An
astonishing amount of 100
million cases of diarrhea
diseases are r...
Our farmers in rural areas
produce a lot of things that they
do not capture economic value
from. If we can figure out a wa...
In rural areas, and those affected
by conflict, the opportunities for
small scale farming that could
provide high returns ...
One of the big challenges we face
is to reduce the ecological
footprint of our lives on the
planet. There are a number of
...
Most of fertilizers, produces
ammonia emanation, contributes
to acid rain, groundwater
contamination and ozone
depletion d...
Fans have become a part of life.
From offices to workshops, this
machine is everywhere to make
life comfortable. These day...
In Pakistan a typical 10 Marla
double story house contains
about 1 lakh BRICKS, and each
brick costs its customer about 6-...
Pakistan has abundant supply of
wind energy – an important
natural and renewable resource.
Fortunately we have the points
...
Of the three major elements of
fertilizer, Nitrogen has major
influence on yield. Urea is the
major source of N.A major po...
Pakistan is passing through a
challenging phase in terms of
meeting its energy requirements.
Rapid population growth and
i...
Phosphorus is the most important
growth-limiting constituent in soil,
and is different in that it is
available in very sma...
In Pakistan fruits and vegetables
prices varies in considerably. In all
this situation farmers as well as
consumers suffer...
One of the key problems with
urban life is the amount of waste
generated. More often than not,
particularly in coastal cit...
Clean water is very necessary and
compulsory for good health. More
than 75% of the world’s
population drinks dirty, pollut...
One of the major challenges
affecting the energy crisis right
now is non-payment of electricity
bills which in turn result...
Livestock sector contributes about
11% of Pakistan’s GDP and
employs about 17% of the
workforce. The farm sizes are
small ...
Pakistan is facing acute energy
crisis. The costs of oil, coal and
other fuels are increasing day by
day; also these energ...
Pakistan is passing through a
challenging phase in terms of
meeting its energy requirements.
Rapid population growth and
i...
The deaf/mute make up 7.43
percent of Pakistan’s total
disabled population according to
a report on the National Census of...
Pakistan is passing through a
challenging phase in terms of
meeting its energy requirements.
Rapid population growth and
i...
In last 10 years or so, the price of
fuel has gone up considerably
putting an unbearable burden on
common man. The fuel sh...
Pakistan is passing through a
challenging phase in terms of
meeting its energy requirements.
Rapid population growth and
i...
The voting system and process in
Pakistan is an issue which should
be addressed seriously. During
every elections we disco...
Pakistan is suffering through an
energy crisis. Massive increase in
population and its demands are
instilling a constant s...
Law and Order and Crime Rates
are increasing in Pakistan.
Particularly in the larger cities,
such as Karachi, this has rea...
Rice production is an important
part of Pakistan’s economy with
the country being world’s 4th
largest producer or rice. Cu...
The Traffic Challan System as it is
currently practiced in Pakistan is a
waste of time and resources. It
forces you to go ...
82% of Pakistan’s population does
not have access to clean drinking
water. The Government has
installed 10,000 water filtr...
There is considerable talent and
income generation capacity in our
rural areas, particularly among
rural women, who engage...
Pakistan is full of people who are
illiterate or merely literate. The
country is also lagging behind on
Millennium Develop...
Pakistan is facing an energy crisis
and addressing this will require
thinking creatively about our
energy use and seeking
...
Pakistan is currently facing water
management crisis in form of
flood, drought, theft and
pollution. Currently our
monitor...
Per capita water availability at
the time of creation of Pakistan
was 5,600 cubic metres, but it
currently stands at only ...
Pakistan is among the countries
where summer season is intense.
The outdoor temperature can not
be controlled, however the...
Pakistan’s main energy power
sources are TARBELA and
MANGLA. Transmission from
these sources to all over the
Pakistan caus...
Everyday life produces a lot of
plastic that ends up in the
garbage can. This ultimately is
non-biodegradable and causes
l...
Pakistan suffers from an energy
crisis that continues to grow and
population outpaces our ability to
create new energy inf...
Pakistan is a country with more
than 65% of its population linked
to agriculture. Although
agriculture is considered as th...
TheProblem
The Solution
Using algae as alternate source of energy
for producing electricity is well-
established. Utilizin...
TheProblem
The Solution
We propose an open source concept
around the themes of learn-teach-
collaborate to help spread the...
TheProblem
The Solution
My propose solution is to use “bacterial-
fungal interactions and their consequent
effect on degra...
TheProblem
The Solution
Our proposed solution is to use the the
most commonly used electronic media
device, the Mobile Pho...
TheProblem
The Solution
We propose a "Smart Water Grid" system.
This is a two tiered problem: First, using
sensors, system...
TheProblem
The Solution
Our proposed solution is to create waste
water treatment plants in the outskirts of
the cities. Al...
TheProblem
The Solution
My solution is a 'smart city solution' based
on concepts from intelligent transport
systems, trans...
TheProblem
The Solution
My main solution is that school students
should be switched to some of the most
up-to-date technol...
TheProblem
The Solution
The solution I propose will collect real time
data by linking the ECU of automobiles and
downloadi...
TheProblem
The Solution
The proposed and tested solar cooker is
five times more powerful compared to the
most common type ...
TheProblem
The Solution
We propose an innovative Data Collection
smartphone application backed with a
Cloud platform for d...
TheProblem
The Solution
I propose using Smart grid technology to
improve energy efficiency and reduce
losses in Pakistan. ...
TheProblem
The Solution
I propose setting up a disaster incident
response centre. All local institutions who
have been tra...
TheProblem
The Solution
I propose developing a prosthetic hand
controlled by an Electromyograph. The
signal from the EMG s...
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The 55 Semi Finalists of Pakistan Innovation Foundation's Ideas Contest 2013

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55 Semi Finalists (Individuals and Teams) who will now attend Ideas Labs in 3 Cities (ISB, LHE, KHI) across the country and then compete for becoming the Finalists of the Ideas Contest. Much more action to unfold in August-September 2013.

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  1. 1. Pakistan Innovation Foundation Presents Semi Finalists of the Ideas Contest 2013 Pakistan Innovation Foundation’s Ideas Contest 2013
  2. 2. When in a new area, it is hard to find the nearest hospital. In times of an accident, finding the nearest medical centre is very crucial to the patient’s survival. Precious minutes and seconds saved looking for a hospital can save lives. TheProblem The Solution We want to develop a smart phone application which will gather information of nearby medical services, get directions to the nearest emergency service, send an automatic notification through SMS to contact the emergency service. E01: Smart Phone App for Emergency Response 187) Tayyaba Rahman and Abdullah Chohan – SoftAce (Pvt.) Ltd. – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: ICT4D Ideas Contest 2013
  3. 3. Tourism sector in Pakistan is relatively under-developed and there is no consolidated source of information regarding potential tourist spots in a city and associated information (such as where to say, what to eat, etc.) Tourists who end up in our cities may be at a loss unless they have a local source to guide them. TheProblem The Solution We propose developing a one of its kind mobile app for Pakistani market that give tourists details of all tourism sites within 74 km radius of their current (or a selected) location and provide other information. This may not be out-of-the-box but it has been ignored for too long E02: Smart Phone App for Tourism Promotion 186) Raabia Irfan and Muneeb A. Anwar – SoftAce (Pvt.) Ltd – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: ICT4D Ideas Contest 2013
  4. 4. One of the major issues with energy is non-payment of bills. WAPDA employees are not available to take meter readings, may take erroneous readings when they do, or meters are often found to be tempered with. TheProblem The Solution We propose that home electric meters are replaced with smart meters they will efficiently calculate the number of units consume and transfer it to WAPDA wirelessly via Zigbee radios in a cooperative behavior. Zigbee offers a cheaper solution that bluetooth at a higher rate and with better battery life. E03: Zigbee Radio based Smart Meters 184) Muhammad Bilal Arif – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  5. 5. Contamination of water is a major issue in Pakistan. An astonishing amount of 100 million cases of diarrhea diseases are registered in hospitals each year, with 40% of deaths attributed to drinking polluted water and an estimated 250,000 child deaths each year in Pakistan. TheProblem The Solution Remove heavy metal ions - Copper, Chromium and Lead waste water by using fruit waste material i.e. banana, orange and lemon peels. Using this bio material will result a decrease in Pakistan's land pollution as most of these fruit peels end up in landfills as well as water pollution. An added advantage is the low cost. . E04: Remove Water Pollution Using Fruit Peels 180) Umme Salma Gadriwala & Team (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Water Ideas Contest 2013
  6. 6. Our farmers in rural areas produce a lot of things that they do not capture economic value from. If we can figure out a way to capture and create low-cost products with significant benefits from some of these, we can not only benefit the rural economy but also create other important spillover benefits such as low disease burden, etc. TheProblem The Solution Camel Milk contains lactoferrin which is known to have properties that are helpful in Hepititis B and C and Cancer. Isolation and nano-ecompsulation of this active ingredient along with the creation of a product to sell Camel Milk and related products will help fight these diseases and impact rural economy. . E05: A Camel Milk Product to address Hep B &C 239) Aamir Iqbal & Muhammad Nasir – University of Veterinary Sciences – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  7. 7. In rural areas, and those affected by conflict, the opportunities for small scale farming that could provide high returns can create a significant impetus for rural economic development. We must develop new and modern approaches to agriculture that provide high value-to-effort outcomes with minimal inputs and related requirements. TheProblem The Solution Aquaponics –a synergistic combination of aquaculture and hydroponic farming – can supplement low farm incomes. It comprises two units: a fish culture and a plant growing area. This integrated system feeds rich nutrient wastes from cultured fish to cater the plant growth an cleansing and oxidation properties of plants for the fish culture.. . E06: Green Aquaponics to supplement livelihoods 236) Mussarat Shah (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  8. 8. One of the big challenges we face is to reduce the ecological footprint of our lives on the planet. There are a number of materials that get produced in household and commercial activities as waste and must be recycled in order to conserve the earthly resources. TheProblem The Solution Our suggested top of the line economic solution to this major issue is to recycle the wasted paper, steel and other metals. We use this material to construct "Solar Powered- Prefabricated Homes* which replace the conventional houses in order to conserve the energy, keeping in mind the rapid consumption of earthly resources in view. . E07: Solar Powered Pre-Fabricated Homes 233) Muhammad Yasir Malik & Zari Asif Turk – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  9. 9. Most of fertilizers, produces ammonia emanation, contributes to acid rain, groundwater contamination and ozone depletion due to release of nitrous oxide by de-nitrification process. With its increased use and projections of future use, this problem may increase several fold in the coming decades. Ground water contamination, respiratory illnesses, etc. result. TheProblem The Solution A Green information system (GIS) can provide a set of services to its customers for betterment of their crops use of fertilizers, pesticides attacks and also sending information about weather according to their residence area ,market price and suggested them to use fertilizers which are less harmful to environment and man’s health. E08: A Green Information System (GIS) 231) Muhammad Saqib Chaudhry (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  10. 10. Fans have become a part of life. From offices to workshops, this machine is everywhere to make life comfortable. These days portable fans – with light weight and powerful batteries - are becoming more popular. The market is full of cheap fans that are not durable and sometimes total waste of money. A simple and economic fan can save money and fulfill the purpose. TheProblem The Solution A simple fan can be manufactured that everyone can assemble and carry everywhere. This needs a 12volts adapter, 12volt battery, PC blower fan, power switch button, 5v transistor and USB cable. 2 dry batteries with 6volt power each can be connected to get 12volts or a motorbike battery can be used for power. E09: A Portable Rechargeable Fan 229) M. Ahsan Khan & M. Mohsin Khan – University of Agriculture (FBD) – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  11. 11. In Pakistan a typical 10 Marla double story house contains about 1 lakh BRICKS, and each brick costs its customer about 6-7 rupee. While the Clay brick manufacturers claim that in the coming 2-3 years each brick will cost up to rupees 10, which is huge and unaffordable for majority of Pakistani Population. Clay brick production also causes soil erosion. TheProblem The Solution Fly Ash bricks use an industrial waste and abundantly available in the industrial cities. They are 28% lighter than normal clay bricks and possess compressive strength higher than 40MPa far than normal bricks. They’re cheaper (Rs. 4.75) and eliminates the need of plastering because of fine finish. This can reduce high construction cost and soil erosion. E010: Innovative Fly Ash Bricks to Reduce Costs 221) Nouman Ali & M. Ahmad Tauqeer – EME College, Rawalpindi – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy+Climate Ideas Contest 2013
  12. 12. Pakistan has abundant supply of wind energy – an important natural and renewable resource. Fortunately we have the points for the production of wind energy which are available into the coastal areas of Jiwani, Thatta, Karachi and Baluchistan’s coastal belt. We need to develop mechanisms to harness wind energy in usable energy that could be used in these locations. TheProblem The Solution In Pakistan, hundreds of thousands of air- conditioners are operating on electricity. A normal 1-ton air-conditioner consumes nearly 1200 W which is equal to the power consumed by 12 ceiling fans. We propose a 50W airconditioner that simply uses a blower for the indoor unit that will be powered by electricity. The outdoor unit – incl. compressor – is powered by Wind. E011: 50W Wind Energy Air Conditioners 215) M. Iftikharuddin Behroze – Pakistan Navy Engg. College (PNEC) – http:/www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy+Climate Ideas Contest 2013
  13. 13. Of the three major elements of fertilizer, Nitrogen has major influence on yield. Urea is the major source of N.A major portion of this (reactive-N) leaks into the environment with cascading negative effects on ecosystem functions and contributes to global warming. Current agriculture practices apply an inefficient route for nitrification that results in considerable waste. TheProblem The Solution To achieve maximum and sustainable yield as well as minimum pollution from the synthetic fertilizers, we must find efficient ways to disburse and absorb Nitrogen. Solution requires Identifying most suitable coating material for fertilizers (Urea) and different microbial strains to maximize uptake of N. Slow release + micro organisms use can make fertilizer more effective E012:Efficient Use of Micronutrients in Fertilizer 214) M. Adnan Zafar and Team – University of Agriculture (Faisalabad) – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  14. 14. Pakistan is passing through a challenging phase in terms of meeting its energy requirements. Rapid population growth and industrialization in the recent past have placed pressing demands for the supply of energy. It is of paramount importance to develop clean and renewable energy sources. We must think out of the box in developing new energy sources. TheProblem The Solution Salinity-gradient power, a.k.a. blue energy, is a potentially large source for electricity generation. Energy can be extracted from mixing (salt) seawater and (fresh) river water, due to the increase in entropy. Salinity gradient power is available worldwide where salt solutions of different salinity mix, for example, where rivers flow into sea or industrial brine is discharged. E013: Using Salt Water to Generate Electricity 213) Ahmed Ali Khan & Abeera Idrees – Comsats (CIIT – Lahore) – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  15. 15. Phosphorus is the most important growth-limiting constituent in soil, and is different in that it is available in very small quantities only. Its concentration in soil solution is very low. Phosphorous is therefore, one of the least mobile nutrients in soil. Even when available, it remains insoluble thus causing inefficient accessibility to plans. TheProblem The Solution Microbes increase phosphorus accessibility to plants from organic source of phosphorus in soil by mineralization and solubilization of precipitated phosphates. Bio-organisms capable of P solublization in soil can be used to increase the accessibility of P to the plants thus reducing the use of fertilizer on the soil. E014: Bio-organisms for increased (P) uptake 211) Muhammad Saleem & Team – University of Agriculture Faisalabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  16. 16. In Pakistan fruits and vegetables prices varies in considerably. In all this situation farmers as well as consumers suffer a lot. All the profit goes to the middle man. This discourages the farmers who may give up fruit and vegetable farming. One the reason is that lack of demand supply mechanism. TheProblem The Solution A fruit and vegetable market information system could divide country in small regions. Farmers could have information upon how much fruit arrived in a particular region, what is the expected demand, and at what price. By understanding the supply and demand, they might be in a better position to negotiate with the middleman. E015: Fruit and Vegetable Market Info System 209) Qaisar Gondal (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agricuture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  17. 17. One of the key problems with urban life is the amount of waste generated. More often than not, particularly in coastal cities, this sewage is dumped untreated in the sea. This not only creates threats to marine life but also degrades the condition of our beaches and causes severe damage to life in the coastal communities. TheProblem The Solution An Underground waste water sewage that will treat and incinerate sewage and waste in an underground environment which provides for a safer and pollution free incinerator and result in simultaneous production of biogas which could create a valuable source of energy at the small scale. E016: Underground Waste Treatment Plant 208) Nasir Yakoob – Baqai Medical University – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013
  18. 18. Clean water is very necessary and compulsory for good health. More than 75% of the world’s population drinks dirty, polluted and unhygienic water. More than 50% of diseases are just due to dirty and unhygienic water. According to WHO more than 300m people suffer from malnutrition and deficiency of nutrients. Water devoid of nutrients causes damage. TheProblem The Solution ‘Moringa oliefera’, a miracle plant, has many advantages and benefits. Its seed can act as a natural water purifier. We can grow this plant in our homes to clean water. Its leaves are rich in vitamins, minerals, essential amino acides, enzymes, and antioxidants. We propose developing a product to benefit from this ‘tree of life’ E017: The ‘Tree of Life’ 205) Farooq Ahmed Ghumman – University of the Punjab – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Water Ideas Contest 2013
  19. 19. One of the major challenges affecting the energy crisis right now is non-payment of electricity bills which in turn results in default on oil and gas payments by electricity producers. This results in the seemingly intractable problem of circular debt. Causing untold misery to the masses. TheProblem The Solution We propose the use of prepaid Energy meter as the most suitable option for elimination of circular debt by streamlining the recovery process in Pakistan. Also there will be a device (for energy theft) installed on the nearest distribution transformer which will perform monitor electric power supplied to customers and be a deterrent for theft. E018: A Pre-paid Energy Metering System 200) Wajahat Abbas Khan & Team – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013
  20. 20. Livestock sector contributes about 11% of Pakistan’s GDP and employs about 17% of the workforce. The farm sizes are small and mostly in the rural areas. Pakistan's livestock industry traditionally relies on horizontal expansion of animals (i.e. increase in number of low- yield animals) rather than vertical expansion (i.e. increase in number of high yield animals). TheProblem The Solution We propose the “vertical expansion of High yielding, healthy indigenous ruminant population". This can partly be done through education i.e. creating awarenss amongst farmers of why smaller number of more expensive animals are better, and partly through availability of capital (credit) and high quality animals. E019: Livestock Yield through Vertical Expansion 197) Zaytoon Zaheer – University of Agriculture Faisalabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  21. 21. Pakistan is facing acute energy crisis. The costs of oil, coal and other fuels are increasing day by day; also these energy recourses are increasing greenhouse gasses in environment. Considering Pakistan specifically, we need very cheap, easy to use, and abundantly available local and environment friendly renewable energy recourses. TheProblem The Solution A cheap energy resource is RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) or solid municipal waste. However, before it can be efficiently burnt to produce electricity, it must be dried and moisture removed. We propose using waste heat from another industrial process, such as a Cement Kiln, to dry the RDF to make it acceptable for burning. This saves on coal and non-renewable sources. E020:Waste Heat to create dry residue for Burning 133) Faisal Qayyum – University of Engg and Technology Taxila – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  22. 22. Pakistan is passing through a challenging phase in terms of meeting its energy requirements. Rapid population growth and industrialization in the recent past have placed pressing demands for the supply of energy. It is of paramount importance to develop clean and renewable energy sources. We must think out of the box in developing new energy sources. TheProblem The Solution We propose creating an Energy Efficient Stirling Engine as an external combustion heat engine which can be used for general electrical and mechanical purposes i.e. driving loads or producing electricity via generators, etc. It can use waste heat as fuel and can be modified for solar energy as a primary source. It is highly versatile and climate and environment independent. E021: Stirling Engine – Versatile Heat2Energy 122) Shahzad Amin and Team – PUCIT – Lahore – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  23. 23. The deaf/mute make up 7.43 percent of Pakistan’s total disabled population according to a report on the National Census of Pakistan. These people learn to communicate using sign language. Unfortunately, most normal people don’t understand their gestures and are unable understand. This creates, despite best intentions, a communication gap. TheProblem The Solution SignSpeak, is the design of a system that would enable these people to communicate by translating their sign language gestures into speech. It consists of a sensor based glove worn on the hand that wirelessly communicates with an Android phone to transmit the corresponding input into speech. E022: A Sign Language to Speech Convertor 120) Saman Ishtiaq Malik and Team – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: ICT4D Ideas Contest 2013
  24. 24. Pakistan is passing through a challenging phase in terms of meeting its energy requirements. Rapid population growth and industrialization in the recent past have placed pressing demands for the supply of energy. It is of paramount importance to develop clean and renewable energy sources. We must think out of the box in developing new energy sources. TheProblem The Solution One solution is to generate power through movement of floating ball on water waves. This is simple and unique idea in which I have developed using unidirectional gears system. Energy can be generated by installing such devices through 1100 km of the coastline of Pakistan. E023: Creating Wave Energy in Coastal Areas 152) Fatima Sohail – DA Degree College for Women – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  25. 25. In last 10 years or so, the price of fuel has gone up considerably putting an unbearable burden on common man. The fuel shortages have also begun to happen. There are only two ways to address this. Either we increase our fuel production (or import) or save fuel. Transportation is the biggest user of fuel and there is a need to save fuel in that areas. TheProblem The Solution Our solution is to create a rideshare web portal (system) that enables you to check and find the people moving from point A to Point B and hitch rides with others. The system will be designed in a manner that is convenient to use and makes people feel they’re connected. A mobile app can also be developed. E024: A Rideshare Portal for Pakistan 116) M. Usman and M. Ramzan (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  26. 26. Pakistan is passing through a challenging phase in terms of meeting its energy requirements. Rapid population growth and industrialization in the recent past have placed pressing demands for the supply of energy. It is important to minimize the use of electricity and find creative ways of saving energy. One application is lighting which makes up a lot of electricity usage. TheProblem The Solution Our proposed innovative solution is to produce bioluministic shrubs by introducing firefly’s luciferase and luciferin generation enzyme by chloroplast transformation. This could have many uses. It could replace of lightning in some applications. But also used as directional plants on roads, and to attract tourists. E025:Use Firefly’s Genetic Matter to Lighten Shrubs 110) Rabiyah – Quaid-e-Azam University Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  27. 27. The voting system and process in Pakistan is an issue which should be addressed seriously. During every elections we discover that our pooling booths are not secure even in the presence of security forces. There also opportunities for large-scale election fraud. There is always a chance of violence in the pooling booths which turns off large number of voters from even coming to vote. TheProblem The Solution Our proposed solution is a web-based electronic polling system. People should vote by using internet from their homes. NADRA's new smart ID card can be used for the voter’s authentication and vote’s management. NADRA's new smart card has all the capabilities to store and process user identification and security protocols. E026: Web-based e-Voting System for Pakistan 107) M. Umer and Raniya Sohail (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Better Governance Ideas Contest 2013
  28. 28. Pakistan is suffering through an energy crisis. Massive increase in population and its demands are instilling a constant sense of agitation among people. Working households that find it hard to make the ends meet are turning towards inefficient and environment deranging systems for their needs which include UPS’. There is a need to be creative about saving valuable energy. TheProblem The Solution Heat is a lost form of energy. I propose to utilize heat as a source of energy. Heat is ejected from the industry/factory as waste. Recycling this heat for its own use can be very beneficial. A thermal energy converter plant installed in every single major factory can make it self-sufficient, at least to some extent, in meeting its own energy needs. E027: Save Energy by Using Waste Heat in Industry 106) Nouman Safdar Ali – Government College University Lahore – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  29. 29. Law and Order and Crime Rates are increasing in Pakistan. Particularly in the larger cities, such as Karachi, this has reached endemic proportions. Mobile snatching is a very common type of crime that causes both economic distress and terrorizes the population. Stamping on Crime will require creative and innovative use of available technologies. TheProblem The Solution We propose building a software to detect mobile snatchers or to predict the next crime. Based on the previous data of crime records we will be able to develop this software and we will use Rosmoo's equation that is used currently by FBI. This software will help police stations to predict crime and geographical location will help to predict their location. E028: A Software to Predict Mobile Snatching 104) Adeel Zafar – Riphah International University – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Better Governance Ideas Contest 2013
  30. 30. Rice production is an important part of Pakistan’s economy with the country being world’s 4th largest producer or rice. Currently the quality inspection is done through mechanical devices like vernier calipers, sieve, and in most of the cases through naked eye, all these methods are neither objective nor efficient and prone to human error. Automating this will result supply chain efficiency. TheProblem The Solution Automated Rice Quality Inspection (ARQI) is will provide a mechanized way to inspect rice grain sample using image processing techniques. Analysis of physical characteristics of rice grain; such as length, perimeter, and width of the individual grains, is the grain broken, foreign substances, etc. can be done through ordinary scanners. E029: Automated Rice Quality Inspection System 91) Muhammad Ahmed Khalid and Team – One Step Solutions (Pvt.) Ltd – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  31. 31. The Traffic Challan System as it is currently practiced in Pakistan is a waste of time and resources. It forces you to go the bank, stand in lines, come back to get your documents, etc. It also creates opportunities for corruption within the system. It also results in waste of human resources since there has to be a dedicated resource for collecting Challans. TheProblem The Solution Handheld electronic devices with wireless connectivity (GSM/GPRS) could be provided to traffic officers which can record the ticket and the offender signs it electronically – like they sign for a parcel – to verify it and then pays the ticket at the spot. Challans can be paid by debit cards or pre-paid cards issued by the traffic police. They could be instantly updated on server. E030: Automated Traffic Challan System 88) Muhammad Younus – Government College University Lahore – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Better Governance Ideas Contest 2013
  32. 32. 82% of Pakistan’s population does not have access to clean drinking water. The Government has installed 10,000 water filtration plants at UC level but only 20% are working. Others are out of use. Of this 20%, majority are supplying contaminated water due to rusty pipelines. This leads to water borne diseases. 60% of the infant deaths are due to water born diseases. TheProblem The Solution Our proposed solution is developing a water purifier using Nano-filter membranes. This solution will give purity 1.5 times more than normal purifiers, is economical, and has a long life. It is also green. We have developed this membrane at lab level using our own pocket money, We are currently in process of designing a filtration prototype. E031: Water Purifiers Using Nano-Filters 59) Muhammad Ali and Team – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Water Ideas Contest 2013
  33. 33. There is considerable talent and income generation capacity in our rural areas, particularly among rural women, who engage in arts and crafts like rullies, needlework, ajrak, woodwork, etc. However, these are not fully exposed to the modern world and hence do not bring in the right price for their labors. If we can package and present these well, it can result in increase in rural earnings. TheProblem The Solution The solution I propose has presentation and packaging as a key ingredient. Also, one could imagine bringing these skills, arts-crafts, and patterns to the modern world, for example, by making traditional rallee patterns on curtains, bed sheets, cushions and hand bags. Ajrak patterns on scarves, tie, and boxes, etc. Pitching to the right market and right message can sell. E032: Our Traditional Arts-Crafts to Modern World 191) Mahwish (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  34. 34. Pakistan is full of people who are illiterate or merely literate. The country is also lagging behind on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for Education for All. There are also social issues and taboos that hamper achievement of educational goals such as pressures on young girls and women who are not allowed to go outside the house to gain education. TheProblem The Solution Our idea is to develop an android and desktop application named “Smart E- Learning” to promote education and awareness among people of the world. The purpose is to develop a social teaching service forum where the people who have interest to serve the people in the world and would volunteer to teach. This could lead to a chain reaction. E033: E-learning based Social Teaching Service 181) Nirmeen Yousuf & Mariam Begum – NED University (Karachi) – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  35. 35. Pakistan is facing an energy crisis and addressing this will require thinking creatively about our energy use and seeking efficiencies in it. The internal combustion engine is relatively quite inefficient in converting chemical energy stored in fuel into mechanical energy. If more efficient engines are used, less consumption of fuel will occur and will help solve the energy crisis. TheProblem The Solution I propose using the Bladeless Turbine Engines as these are much more efficient than internal combustion engine and can be used on industrial scale wit proper research. First proposed by Nikola Tesla in 1900s, it was never used. Even with current research, they can be used in Pakistan for small scale uses such as Backup Power Generators. E034:Use Efficient Bladeless Turbine Engines 175) Zain Yar Khan (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  36. 36. Pakistan is currently facing water management crisis in form of flood, drought, theft and pollution. Currently our monitoring system is manual which suffers from human error, lack of coordination, lack of resources .All of these calamities instigated us to devise a system which can generate alerts before flood or drought comes. TheProblem The Solution The proposed solution is to automate water management system including water level and quality monitoring. This can be realized by the installation of sensors on rivers banks where there is more danger of flood. These sensors will have interface with GSM modules to alert the concerned department to take precautionary measures and vacate areas. E035: Deploy Sensor Technology to Predict Floods 172) Omer Nawaz & Team – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Water Ideas Contest 2013
  37. 37. Per capita water availability at the time of creation of Pakistan was 5,600 cubic metres, but it currently stands at only 1,000 cubic metres, this places Pakistan among water-scarce countries in the world. Pakistan is currently facing water management crisis in form of flood, drought, theft and pollution. There is a need to think creatively about addressing water shortage. TheProblem The Solution I propose the construction of underground groundwater dams to obstruct the natural flow of groundwater and store water below the ground. There are two types of groundwater dams 1. Sub-surface dams 2. Sand-storage dam. These are relatively inexpensive to construct and maintain and can be ‘own-able’ technology for poor communities. E036: Build Subsurface Dams and Acquifiers 244) Affan Zia, Dooa and Sundas Arif – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Water Ideas Contest 2013
  38. 38. Pakistan is among the countries where summer season is intense. The outdoor temperature can not be controlled, however the indoor temperature must be in accordance with human comfort zone of around 25°C. But the conventional ways of indoor cooling have failed because of energy crisis or load-shedding or cost. There is need to devise a novel system. TheProblem The Solution I propose a service that provides air inlets carrying cooled air to each house/shop/ office that registers for this service. The inlet provides cool air 24/7 all month uninterrupted. The customers will be charged according to the use , and requirement. Such BIG Central Air Conditioner in a locality can be more efficient than smaller ones. E037: Huge Neighbourhood Central Airconditioners 222) Noor ul Ain Hashmi & Umar Farooq – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  39. 39. Pakistan’s main energy power sources are TARBELA and MANGLA. Transmission from these sources to all over the Pakistan causes these losses. According to WORLD BANK data, in 2010 these losses ate 15,184,000,000 Watt which are 16.08 % of production (vs. 5-8% in the world). Pakistan total shortfall is 3-6000 MW half of which could be accounted for by line losses. TheProblem The Solution Our solution is to decentralize power production through a) building power plants (mostly solar) near the point of use (i.e. cities) to minimize line losses and b) providing subsidy on solar energy so that household use of solar panels can be encouraged. The latter is largely a policy solution. E038:Minimize Losses through Decentralized Power 207) M. Akeeb Akmal and M. Absar ul Haq – University of Gujrat – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  40. 40. Everyday life produces a lot of plastic that ends up in the garbage can. This ultimately is non-biodegradable and causes lots of pollution in landfills and oceans. Sometimes plastic is also burnt leading to air pollution. In order to solve this problem, we must find a way to decompose this plastic waste or convert it into something useful. TheProblem The Solution We have proposed the conversion of Plastic to Combustible Oil to put this pollution and burning frenzy to an end. This is an out of the box solution that is practical and cost-effective. Our process does not involve use of an external energy source, as it uses only solar concentrator. We also obtain an important by-product i.e. CHLORINE GAS as a result. E039:Convert Plastic Garbage into Combustible Oil 206) Haris Bin Ashraf and Team (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013
  41. 41. Pakistan suffers from an energy crisis that continues to grow and population outpaces our ability to create new energy infrastructure. One of the ways to address our energy needs is solar which is found in abundance in Pakistan. However, solar panels are extremely expensive and hence out of reach as an near-term solution. We need to look for alternate ways of harnessing solar TheProblem The Solution We propose using Chlorophyll to produce electricity. Recent scientific research has proven that chlorophyll (naturally extracted or artificially created) can be used to create electricity. However, creating anything on commercial scale will require a lot of chlorophyll but new methods are being developed to produce and package chlorophyll effectively. E040:Use Chlorophyll to Produce Electricity 203) Hania Hasan and Umme Salma (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013
  42. 42. Pakistan is a country with more than 65% of its population linked to agriculture. Although agriculture is considered as the backbone of the country's economy, Pakistan is amongst those few countries where the agricultural land is deteriorating with the passage of time and the total cultivatable land is decreasing likely with impact on development of the country. TheProblem The Solution Our proposed solution “Plants for Plants” can be described in a single sentence as “Simplicity for sustainability leading to self-sufficiency”. We propose growing Eucalyptus Plant in fields that are affected by water-logging. This is an effective remedial measure that can help reclaim the lost land. E041: Plants for Plants 139) M. Husnain Arshad and Team – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Agriculture+Rural Ideas Contest 2013
  43. 43. TheProblem The Solution Using algae as alternate source of energy for producing electricity is well- established. Utilizing this green energy can overcome energy shortage in Pakistan. With a simple setup at home, or a farm, a huge amount of algae can be harvested and energy produced . Pakistan being rich in algae due to climate and marshy areas, this can be applied on large scale easily. E042: Growing Algae to Produce Electricity 109) Adil Farooq – University of Engg and Technology Taxila – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013 Pakistan suffers from an energy crisis that continues to grow and population outpaces our ability to create new energy infrastructure. There are certain characteristics of Pakistan’s land and climate that make certain kinds of energy sources more easily accessible. We need to look for alternate ways of harnessing energy from our natural resources.
  44. 44. TheProblem The Solution We propose an open source concept around the themes of learn-teach- collaborate to help spread the knowledge of microbusinesses and enterprise creation to enable millions of businesses to be created. The process of setting up businesses shall be documented and put on videos for all to see to enable people to start new businesses with minimal effort. E043: Create 1 Million New (Micro) Businesses 70) Rehan Allahwala – Super Technologies Foundation – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013 One of Pakistan’s biggest problems is poverty. With declining economy, creating jobs for growing population is going to be a challenge. An economy must provide domestic opportunities to people so that it generates business activity and helps in growth and development of economy. Small (micro) businesses can impact on employment, literacy, and governance.
  45. 45. TheProblem The Solution My propose solution is to use “bacterial- fungal interactions and their consequent effect on degradation/modification of polythene and other recalcitrant plastics“ as a means to biodegrade the plastics. This is different from simple biodegration already in use and can be more effective. E044: Bio-degrade Plastics for Easy Disposal 62) Rashid Nazir – Comsats (CIIT – Abbotabad) – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013 One of the unfortunate features of modern urban life is the increasing amount of waste and use of plastics. This results in solid waste – containing plastics – that is hard to get rid of. This deteriorates the quality of environment and life of people around it. Normal practice to get rid of such material, is burning that in itself is a problem.
  46. 46. TheProblem The Solution Our proposed solution is to use the the most commonly used electronic media device, the Mobile Phone, to become a Learning Device. There are 120m mobile phones and the cheapest option with video playback is Rs. 1188. Content videos can be sold through CDs on local shops and can be downloaded on mobile memory. The system works without access to internet. E045: Mobile Phone-based Education for All 64) Rehan Allahwala – SuperTec Foundation – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013 We think that everyone in Pakistanis have a right to educate them self and become a success in there own. Traditionally, campaigns to promote universal literacy have suffered from capacity constraints such as lack of schools and teachers. ICT has now made it possible to overcome these challenges. Yet, e-learning technologies have so far failed to make an inroads into illiteracy.
  47. 47. TheProblem The Solution We propose a "Smart Water Grid" system. This is a two tiered problem: First, using sensors, system identification and controls for an efficient analysis. Secondly, using information processing methods for policy and design. Sensor networks on Canals have been deployed and are being tested. Next step is to design controller to automate canal gates. E046: Smart Water Grid for Pakistan 259) Soban, Farwa, and Usman – Lahore University of Mgmt Sciences (LUMS) – http://pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Water Ideas Contest 2013 Water is a scarce reserve. Pakistan relies heavily on water for agriculture. Pakistan's canal network is one of the most extensive network in world that acts as a back for the agrarian Pakistan. However, this network suffers from poor water conservation management resulting in extensive loss of precious water. Our solution caters to solving this issue.
  48. 48. TheProblem The Solution Our proposed solution is to create waste water treatment plants in the outskirts of the cities. Alongside water, solid waste management could be done resulting in organic fertiliser and biogas. A 30-40 km radius around cities should be dedicated to setting up organic farms to use this fertiliser thus greening the landscape and generating export quality produce. E047: Using Waste Water to do Organic Farming 255) Muneeb ur Rahman & Haseeb ur Rahman – NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013 A major problem we face is that of waste water and solid waste management. They give rise to the sanitation problems, adulteration of clean water supply, channels, epidemic diseases, etc. A large portion of the solid waste and water is drained into the canals and rivers causing water pollution. Its impact on the detriment conditions of human health and aquatic life.
  49. 49. TheProblem The Solution My solution is a 'smart city solution' based on concepts from intelligent transport systems, transportation modelling and mobility management domains to tackle these traffic problems by not building new infrastructure but studying / adapting people's travel behaviour. This will use big data approaches to model transportation behaviour of people, vehicles, and freight. E048: Apply Smart City Concepts to Transportation 249) Ansar ul Haque Yasar – ContraInternational (Pvt.) Ltd – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013 Pakistan has a long history of traffic related problems such as congestion, safety, travel time, lack of public transportation, etc. Typically in Pakistan all traffic related issues are resolved by focusing on the infrastructure i.e. road expansions, reducing traffic signals, etc. that are quite expensive.
  50. 50. TheProblem The Solution My main solution is that school students should be switched to some of the most up-to-date technology available as virtual classrooms, Electronic Whiteboards and video Conferencing. By connecting the Electronic whiteboards to a laptop computer and projector, teachers can also convert freehand writing on whiteboards into text, then print it for students. E049: A Smart Technology Revolution in Education 245) Sohair Ahmed (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Literacy Ideas Contest 2013 In Pakistan, Education is often a boring enterprise. Students work with centuries old chalk-boards and books in school. Outside the school, they constantly interact with technology like laptops mobile phones and even iPod, iPhone and making some fun with games. Our school system fails to produce students are capable of taking full benefit from the technology revolution around them.
  51. 51. TheProblem The Solution The solution I propose will collect real time data by linking the ECU of automobiles and downloading this data to a cloud where it can be accessed on desktop computers, internet, or mobile devices. This will enable car owners and drivers take control over their car from anywhere in the world and make informed decisions and potentially save money spent on their cars.. E050: XGear – Real Time Data Tracking of Cars 158) Mohammed Ahmed Khalid & Team – One Step Solutions (Pvt.) Ltd. – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Urban Living Ideas Contest 2013 Driving and maintaining automobiles in a responsible manner could save billions of dollars a year and help reduce carbon footprint. Savings can result if we are able to know how our automobiles respond to our driving habits and what is the status of various parts of the engine. Drivers can then make well-informed decisions that can enhance efficiency and performance.
  52. 52. TheProblem The Solution The proposed and tested solar cooker is five times more powerful compared to the most common type of solar cooker - the box type. This solar cooker attains temperatures of up to 250 degree C, making it suitable for cooking all types of food in a shorter period of time. It can be economically produced at a price of nearly Rs. 15000/- per piece for single family usage. E051: A Novel High Performance Solar Cooker 160) Suhail Zaki Farooqui – Pakistan Navy Engineering College – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013 Cooking accounts for third of the total energy consumption in Pakistan. Fulfilling the cooking demand through solar energy can save billion of rupees of foreign exchange currently being spent on the import of fossil fuels.
  53. 53. TheProblem The Solution We propose an innovative Data Collection smartphone application backed with a Cloud platform for data storage and processing. A comprehensive web-based dashboard will allow performing meaningful analysis such as the tracking of the spread of disease and management of health personnel. This can help with efforts like child malnutrition and polio- eradication E052:Real Time Data Tracking of Community Health 154) M. Yasar Qamar & Team – Lahore University of Mgmt. Sciences – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: ICT4D Ideas Contest 2013 Lack of information-gathering tools and framework leads to ineffective policy-making, severely reducing the impact of healthcare services." In countries like Pakistan, healthcare problems are aggravated by the fact that real time grassroots statistics and data are not available to the Government and NGOs. This makes effective allocation of resources for preventive measures extremely difficult.
  54. 54. TheProblem The Solution I propose using Smart grid technology to improve energy efficiency and reduce losses in Pakistan. Smart-grid technology is a layer of sensors and software on top of the existing power distribution layer. Once activated, it sends out critical data such as consumption, pilferage and over-shoot of consumption limits to the consumer’s computer, smartphone or any internet- enabled device. E053: Use Smart Grid Technology to Save Energy 177) Basim Jamil (Unaffiliated) http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: Energy Ideas Contest 2013 Pakistan needs all-around 18000MW power daily and short by a considerable margin today. This is important as it is terribly hampering the actual economic expansion of the region. According to some estimates, energy shortages have cost the country up to 4% of GDP over the past few years. There is a need for an overhaul of the entire energy infrastructure of the country.
  55. 55. TheProblem The Solution I propose setting up a disaster incident response centre. All local institutions who have been trained in disaster response shall be linked with this centre and shall become disaster response units once a disaster strikes. This will enable communities to respond before rather than after a disaster has hit and create coordination. E054: Disaster Incident Response Centre 168) Abdullah Khurram -- Disaster Research Institute (Preston U.) – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: ICT4D Ideas Contest 2013 Recent years have demonstrated that Pakistan is prone to natural disasters. Experiences and studies have shown that if the people are prepared and aware of the disasters then there is minimum loss of life and property no matter how big is the scale of the disaster. When people are prepared and aware then the disaster doesn't remains a disaster, it becomes a manageable emergency.
  56. 56. TheProblem The Solution I propose developing a prosthetic hand controlled by an Electromyograph. The signal from the EMG sensor will be applied to the electronic circuit where a motor control circuitry will be used to control different movements of the hand. Thus, by decoding the muscle movements, our prosthetic hand would mimic the movements of the natural hand by a great extent. E055: Relatively inexpensive Prosthetic Arm 242) Aqsa Shehzadi Akbar -- NUST Islamabad – http://www.pif.org.pk Pakistan Innovation Foundation Category: ICT4D Ideas Contest 2013 In recent years, a large number of people have undergone amputations because of the rise of terrorism. Amputees become handicapped and not only suffer from physical and pyschological trauma but also lose their livelihoods. Prosthetic arms that provide a fair degree of functionality and very expensive and unaffordable.
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