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Scuba diving presentation

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  • 1. Recreational SCUBA Diving Presented by Shaun Sykes
  • 2. Topics of Discussion
    • SCUBA – Its meaning and history
    • Equipment
    • How to dive/types of dives
    • After you learn, what then?
    • Health and safety
    • Dive sites and statistics
    • Summary
  • 3. What Does it Mean? History?
    • SCUBA – Self Contained Underwater Breathing Aparatus
    • Long history dating back from 332 BC
    • Modern fins, mask and snorkel tubes were developed by fishermen from America, Russia, France and England in the 1920s and 1930s
  • 4. History continued
    • Recreational SCUBA Diving began between 1942 - 1943, after Emile Gagnan and Captain Hacques –Yves Cousteau developed the self-contained “Aqua-Lung” and new regulator that was automatic.
    • Cousteau took many successful, experimental dives with his friends, wife and two sons, making this an experimental family trip and experience.
  • 5. Equipment
    • Mask- Device covering eyes and nose, allowing you to see underwater
    • Fins – Device put on the feet to extend the kicking motion underwater.
  • 6. Equipment continued
    • BCD or BC – ( Buoyancy compensator device) Device/jacket that controls buoyancy up or down
    • Regulator – Device that delivers air to you on demand at reduced pressure
  • 7. Equipment continued
    • Pressure gauge – (SPG- Submersible Pressure Gauge) Device that tells diver how much air they have left
    • Weights – Lead weights used to weigh down divers for depth decent
  • 8. Equipment continued
    • Snorkel – Device used to breath air close to or on the surface of the water
    • Body suit – Warm temperature suit that protects the body against abrasions and stings
  • 9. Equipment continued
    • Wet suit – Insulated suit used to keep the body temperature in
    • Dry suit – Used to keep the diver dry and warm in colder temperatures
  • 10. Equipment continued Scooter Watch Light Air cylinder Or tank Knife Boots Hood Gloves
  • 11. Recommended diving apparel
    • Temperature
    • High 80s
    • 80 º - 90º F
    • 75º - 80ºF
    • 70º - 80ºF
    • 50º - 70ºF
    • Below 50ºF
    • What to wear
    • A Lycra body suit, a shorty, or a dive jacket (the top of a two-piece suit)
    • A shorty, a dive jacket, or a full-length, one-piece, 3mm wet suit
    • A 3mm one-piece jumpsuit, or a two-piece wet suit
    • A 5mm full-length wetsuit, a two-piece wetsuit, or a dry suit with light weight insulating garments
    • A 7mm full-length two-piece wetsuit with gloves and hood, or a dry suit with insulating garments
    • A dry suit with insulating garments, hood, gloves or mitts, and possibly face mask
  • 12. How to dive/types of dives
    • Types of dives – Boat, shore, pier
    • How to enter the water – if on shore, walk into the water without fins, then put them on in the water
    • - If entering rough water, put fins on and walk in backwards
    • If on a boat or pier
    • Giant Stride
    • Backward roll
    • Controlled Seated entry
    • Group entry
  • 13. How to dive/types of dives continued
    • Decent
    • Travel under water
    • Hand signals
    • Ascent
    • Other types of dives –
    • Seawater, Freshwater, Wreck, Cave, Night, Drift and Ice
  • 14. After You Learn, then what? Levels of Specifications
    • Pre-open water certification – Open Water Certified
    • Non – professional certification – Advanced SCUBA diver and Master SCUBA diver
    • Professional – Divemaster, Skin-diving instructor, assistant instructor and Instructor
    • Specialties open to recreational divers – Underwater photography or videography, wreck diving, night diving, boat diving, ice diving, cavern diving, dry suit diving, Nitrox diving, search and recovery, career diver, etc .
  • 15. Health and Safety – the hazards of diving
    • How soon to fly after diving – old vs. new philisophy
    • DCS – Epidermal or cutaneous, muscular, joint and limb pain and neuroligical
    • Hypothermia
    • Hyperthermia
    • Cramps
    • Overexertion
    • Nitrogen Narcosis
    • Overexertion
    • Nitrogen Narcosis
    • Carbon monoxide poisoning
    • Gastrointestinal barotrauma
    • Heart problems
    • Ear infections
    • Nosebleeds
    • Breathing problems
    • Dehydration
    • Diving while pregnant
  • 16. Dive sites
    • Worldwide: Papua, New Guines, Egyption Red Sea, Galapagos Islands, Equador, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, The Maldives, India, Great White Wall, Fiji, Bunhaken Island, Indonesia, Blue Corner, Palau and the Caribbean
    • United States: The Hawaiian Islands, Florida Keys, Catalina Island, California and many oceans, rivers, lakes and quarrys
  • 17. Statistics
    • 8.5 million certified SCUBA divers in the U.S., and 14.5 to 15.5 million divers worldwide
    • Top 6 states for SCUBA certification: Florida, California, Hawaii, Texas, Illinois and New York
  • 18. Summary
    • SCUBA – Its meaning and history
    • Equipment
    • How to dive/types of dives
    • After you learn, what then?
    • Dive sites and statistics
    • Health and safety
  • 19. Web sites for SCUBA access, research and resources
    • PADI (Professional Association of Diving Instructors)- http://www.padi.com
    • DAN (Divers Alert Network) - http://www.diversalertnetwork.org
    • NAUI (National Association of Underwater Instructors)- http://www.naui.com
    • The Ultimate SCUBA source - http://www.scubasearch.com
    • About SCUBA diving - http://scuba.about.com
    • Joe Diver America - http://www.joediveramerica.com