Scuba diving presentation


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Scuba diving presentation

  1. 1. Recreational SCUBA Diving Presented by Shaun Sykes
  2. 2. Topics of Discussion <ul><li>SCUBA – Its meaning and history </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>How to dive/types of dives </li></ul><ul><li>After you learn, what then? </li></ul><ul><li>Health and safety </li></ul><ul><li>Dive sites and statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Does it Mean? History? <ul><li>SCUBA – Self Contained Underwater Breathing Aparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Long history dating back from 332 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Modern fins, mask and snorkel tubes were developed by fishermen from America, Russia, France and England in the 1920s and 1930s </li></ul>
  4. 4. History continued <ul><li>Recreational SCUBA Diving began between 1942 - 1943, after Emile Gagnan and Captain Hacques –Yves Cousteau developed the self-contained “Aqua-Lung” and new regulator that was automatic. </li></ul><ul><li>Cousteau took many successful, experimental dives with his friends, wife and two sons, making this an experimental family trip and experience. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Equipment <ul><li>Mask- Device covering eyes and nose, allowing you to see underwater </li></ul><ul><li>Fins – Device put on the feet to extend the kicking motion underwater. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Equipment continued <ul><li>BCD or BC – ( Buoyancy compensator device) Device/jacket that controls buoyancy up or down </li></ul><ul><li>Regulator – Device that delivers air to you on demand at reduced pressure </li></ul>
  7. 7. Equipment continued <ul><li>Pressure gauge – (SPG- Submersible Pressure Gauge) Device that tells diver how much air they have left </li></ul><ul><li>Weights – Lead weights used to weigh down divers for depth decent </li></ul>
  8. 8. Equipment continued <ul><li>Snorkel – Device used to breath air close to or on the surface of the water </li></ul><ul><li>Body suit – Warm temperature suit that protects the body against abrasions and stings </li></ul>
  9. 9. Equipment continued <ul><li>Wet suit – Insulated suit used to keep the body temperature in </li></ul><ul><li>Dry suit – Used to keep the diver dry and warm in colder temperatures </li></ul>
  10. 10. Equipment continued Scooter Watch Light Air cylinder Or tank Knife Boots Hood Gloves
  11. 11. Recommended diving apparel <ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>High 80s </li></ul><ul><li>80 º - 90º F </li></ul><ul><li>75º - 80ºF </li></ul><ul><li>70º - 80ºF </li></ul><ul><li>50º - 70ºF </li></ul><ul><li>Below 50ºF </li></ul><ul><li>What to wear </li></ul><ul><li>A Lycra body suit, a shorty, or a dive jacket (the top of a two-piece suit) </li></ul><ul><li>A shorty, a dive jacket, or a full-length, one-piece, 3mm wet suit </li></ul><ul><li>A 3mm one-piece jumpsuit, or a two-piece wet suit </li></ul><ul><li>A 5mm full-length wetsuit, a two-piece wetsuit, or a dry suit with light weight insulating garments </li></ul><ul><li>A 7mm full-length two-piece wetsuit with gloves and hood, or a dry suit with insulating garments </li></ul><ul><li>A dry suit with insulating garments, hood, gloves or mitts, and possibly face mask </li></ul>
  12. 12. How to dive/types of dives <ul><li>Types of dives – Boat, shore, pier </li></ul><ul><li>How to enter the water – if on shore, walk into the water without fins, then put them on in the water </li></ul><ul><li>- If entering rough water, put fins on and walk in backwards </li></ul><ul><li>If on a boat or pier </li></ul><ul><li>Giant Stride </li></ul><ul><li>Backward roll </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled Seated entry </li></ul><ul><li>Group entry </li></ul>
  13. 13. How to dive/types of dives continued <ul><li>Decent </li></ul><ul><li>Travel under water </li></ul><ul><li>Hand signals </li></ul><ul><li>Ascent </li></ul><ul><li>Other types of dives – </li></ul><ul><li>Seawater, Freshwater, Wreck, Cave, Night, Drift and Ice </li></ul>
  14. 14. After You Learn, then what? Levels of Specifications <ul><li>Pre-open water certification – Open Water Certified </li></ul><ul><li>Non – professional certification – Advanced SCUBA diver and Master SCUBA diver </li></ul><ul><li>Professional – Divemaster, Skin-diving instructor, assistant instructor and Instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Specialties open to recreational divers – Underwater photography or videography, wreck diving, night diving, boat diving, ice diving, cavern diving, dry suit diving, Nitrox diving, search and recovery, career diver, etc . </li></ul>
  15. 15. Health and Safety – the hazards of diving <ul><li>How soon to fly after diving – old vs. new philisophy </li></ul><ul><li>DCS – Epidermal or cutaneous, muscular, joint and limb pain and neuroligical </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothermia </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperthermia </li></ul><ul><li>Cramps </li></ul><ul><li>Overexertion </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen Narcosis </li></ul><ul><li>Overexertion </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen Narcosis </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Gastrointestinal barotrauma </li></ul><ul><li>Heart problems </li></ul><ul><li>Ear infections </li></ul><ul><li>Nosebleeds </li></ul><ul><li>Breathing problems </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul><ul><li>Diving while pregnant </li></ul>
  16. 16. Dive sites <ul><li>Worldwide: Papua, New Guines, Egyption Red Sea, Galapagos Islands, Equador, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, The Maldives, India, Great White Wall, Fiji, Bunhaken Island, Indonesia, Blue Corner, Palau and the Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>United States: The Hawaiian Islands, Florida Keys, Catalina Island, California and many oceans, rivers, lakes and quarrys </li></ul>
  17. 17. Statistics <ul><li>8.5 million certified SCUBA divers in the U.S., and 14.5 to 15.5 million divers worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Top 6 states for SCUBA certification: Florida, California, Hawaii, Texas, Illinois and New York </li></ul>
  18. 18. Summary <ul><li>SCUBA – Its meaning and history </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>How to dive/types of dives </li></ul><ul><li>After you learn, what then? </li></ul><ul><li>Dive sites and statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Health and safety </li></ul>
  19. 19. Web sites for SCUBA access, research and resources <ul><li>PADI (Professional Association of Diving Instructors)- </li></ul><ul><li>DAN (Divers Alert Network) - </li></ul><ul><li>NAUI (National Association of Underwater Instructors)- </li></ul><ul><li>The Ultimate SCUBA source - </li></ul><ul><li>About SCUBA diving - </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Diver America - </li></ul>