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Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
Detroit Works Project - Why Change
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Detroit Works Project - Why Change

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  • Tax calculation takes into account both property and income tax. The median housing value for the block group which contains the study area is $25,172 and the median household income is $19,326.The tax rates used are 65.14 mills for property taxes and 2.5% for resident income tax.
  • If half of the total number of unoccupied residential parcels were reoccupied, the standard homestead property tax rate could be reduced by 21% to produce the same revenue currently generated by existing occupied parcels. There are approximately 387,000 total parcels in the City. 343,849 residential parcels. There are 91,488 vacant residential parcels and approximately 33,529 vacant houses. Tax calculations are for property tax ONLY. The calculations assume a median housing value of $85,200 and a tax rate of 65.14 mills. This is the housing value reported from the 2005-2009 5 year American Community Survey. The current revenue derived from taxes in this equation is $609,135,123. If there were an occupied on one half of the vacant lots revenue would be $782,593,960. This represents a difference of $173,458,837. Reducing the tax rate to 51 mills would create $612,715,566 in revenue. Slightly more than is currently being generated.
  • Source: 2008 Claritas, 2009 ACS, 2010 SEMCOG
  • Vacant land area is overwhelmingDetroit’s percentage of vacant land is twice the amount of the average American city. The Brookings Institute estimated that 15% of the total land area of the average American major city is vacant. Detroit’s generally accepted percentage of vacancy is twice that amount. At 29% vacancy, Detroit is estimated to have 40 square miles of vacant land. In many cases this vacant land is a discontinuous array of small residential parcels not easily assembled for development. The size and population of San Francisco would fit in the current vacant land in the city of Detroit.
  • Overall population is only half the story…. Density is critical.
  • Job sprawl in the Detroit region is the highest in the country. Today, Detroit is the third largest job center.
  • 2030 Projections show a continued decline if current circumstances go unchanged.
  • International linkages, critical to value proposition:U.S.- Canada trade corridorInternational/NAFTA transport linksAccess to Canadian portsCustoms house, forwarding, and related servicesForeign trade zone facilitiesSOURCE: MSU AND DETROIT REGIONAL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE REPORT TO NEI FOR SE MICHIGAN, MAY 2010; FHWA Freight Analysis Framework (trucking and rail); Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Air Carrier Statistics T-100 database (air); U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States database (marine).
  • There is a certain degree of irony that, despite the City’s and region’s reputation as the “motor city”, many people do not have access to a vehicle and are reliant on public transportation to access jobs and daily services. Those households that do not have a vehicle tend to be concentrated in the inner portions of the city. This happens to be an area with a greater density of DDOT bus stops, but it also tends to be an area facing several other challenges, including an extremely high vacancy rate.
  • Revenues are achieved via a combination of user charges and standard charges, sometimes placing an additional burden on those wishing to set up a new home – with the possibility of thereby reducing municipal property tax incomesWith prices capped –reinvestment will fall off rapidly accelerating decline in effective infrastructure capacityGiven current regulatory and legal revenue raising structure, sales and charges are insufficient to meet needs ($1.5 billion transport investment shortfall1)Revenues are fallingGiven current regulatory and legal revenue raising structure, sales and charges are insufficient to meet needs
  • Detroit’s level of educational attainment continues to be one of City’s largest challenges. The Citizens Research Council explains:Through analysis completed by Excellent Schools Detroit, the performance for each school in the city is assessed against state and city testing standards to yield a “report card” for 5th, 8th and 12th grades. To ensure these cover the breadth of educational opportunities present in the city, the assessment includes: Public schools Charter schools Private schools Public schools that are now closedThe preponderance of statistical information illustrates a struggling educational system.
  • Detroit’s high concentrations of poor health conditions correlate with areas of poverty and areas of older population. These areas demand an increased level of service. This requisite level of service is challenged by tremendous cost issues.
  • Overall population is only half the story…. Density is critical.
  • While the number of Homicides has decreased to its lowest level since 1967. The homicide rate (per 100,000 residents) is double what it was in 1967.The Number of Homicides has fallen 26% since 2006.
  • Collective InvestmentNeighborhood typologies, infrastructure data and economic recovery analyses and findings should result in a shared and collaborative approach to investment in Detroit.While the stabilization, foundation, and city initiative investment target areas are generated based on analysis specific to their mission, the Detroit Works Project needs to propose a collective informational resource for targeting future investment.
  • Transcript

    • 1.
    • 2. We have an opportunity to reinvent Detroit like never before… Local, regional and state leaders are stepping up, working with us and showing their support for real change in this city… Now is the time for Detroit to recapture the spirit of ingenuity and creativity that made our city great.”
      State of the City Address
      Mayor Dave Bing
      March 23, 2010
    • 3. Phase 3
      “Moving Detroit Forward”: Preferred Alternative and Draft Framework Plan
      Phase 4
      Final Strategic Framework Plan
      Phase 2
      “Making Tough Choices”: AlternativeFuture Scenarios and Early Action Plan
      Phase 1
      Listening, Learning, and Analysis
      July– Dec 2010
      May – Aug 2011
      Sept – Dec 2011
      Jan – April 2011
      • Completion of Draft Policy Audits
      • 4. 5 community forums
      • 5. Completion of Neighborhood Analysis
      • 6. Confirmed initial list of early actions
      • 7. Recommendations on potential adoption mechanism (for final framework report)
      • 8. 30+ community forums
      • 9. Opportunity for public review and comment on Draft Framework Plan
      • 10. 5 community forums
      • 11. Adopted final framework plan
      • 12. Draft alternative future scenarios
      • 13. 6 community forums
      • 14. Decision on “preferred alternative”
      • 15. Draft framework plan
    • Phase 1 Update
      Touched approximately 5000 Detroiters through Phase meetings
      Responded to over 500 service requests
      Top three things we heard from the community during Phase I:
      Improve essential city services NOW
      • Public Safety: Response time & residency
      • 16. Blight Elimination: Illegal dumping & demolition
      • 17. Vacant land: Impact on neighborhoods & acquisition process
      Transportation improvements needed:
      - Regional light rail and bicycle safety & accessibility
      Use of vacant land:
      • Greening & sustainability initiatives and economic development
    • Near-Term Priorities Informed by Phase 1 Feedback
      Take action while planning
      Public Safety
      - Internal, operational changes
      - Homes for Public Safety Officers
      Blight Elimination
      - Bing 3,000 first year
      - Bing 10,000 first term
      Vacant Land
      - Acquisition/assembly of key vacant parcels
      - Enhance opportunities for residents/community based organizations to acquire property
    • 18. WHY CHANGE?
    • 19. WHO WILL LIVE HERE?
    • 20. Who will live here?
      Population Loss
      -57%
      How We Compare…
      Pittsburgh: -51%
      Cleveland: -48%
      Chicago: -20%
      Minneapolis: -27%
      Milwaukee: -6%
      Detroit population change of over 1,000,000 in the last 50 years.
    • 21. Who will live here?
      Percent Population Change 2000 - 2008
      85%
      of the city’s land area has experienced continued population decline over the last decade.
      SOURCE: CLARITAS 2008
    • 22. Who will live here?
      Direct Impacts of Population Change
      2010
      1950
      Willis Street
      Willis Street
      Moran Street
      McDougall Street
      McDougall Street
      Moran Street
      Leland Street
      Leland Street
      GOOGLE EARTH IMAGE
      GOOGLE EARTH IMAGE
      Historic Density
      185 Homes
      540 People
      23 Persons per acre
      $151,673 tax revenue
      Current Density
      40 Homes
      116 People
      5 Persons per acre
      $32,794 tax revenue
    • 23. Who will live here?
      OPPORTUNITY:
      Reverse population loss and attract new residents to the city.
    • 24. Who will live here?
      Additional Population Reduces Individual Tax Burden
      $173m
      125,017
      residential
      parcels are
      unoccupied.
      The existing property vacancy accounts for 173 Million in lost property tax revenue.
      SOURCE: DETROIT RESIDENTIAL PARCEL SURVEY, 2009
    • 25. Who will live here?
      Youthful Potential
      28%
      of Detroit’s population is less than 18 years old, and represents the future of the city.
      SUMMER IN THE CITY IMAGE
      YOUNG DETROIT BUILDERS IMAGE
      SOURCE: AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY, 2009
      HAAIMAGE
      CHAZZ MILLER IMAGE
    • 26. Who will live here?
      Senior Citizens as Resource
      2x
      By 2035, the senior population (ages 65+)
      will double.
      SOURCE: SEMCOG, 2009
      ALL IMAGES COURTESY OF GETTY IMAGES
    • 27. WHERE WILL PEOPLE LIVE ?
    • 28. Where will people live?
      Vacant Land Area is Overwhelming
      40
      VACANT SQUARE MILES
      This is almost equivalent to the total land area of San Francisco (47 square miles).
      SOURCE: UDM
      SOURCE: P&DD 2000
    • 29. Where will people live?
      Increasingly Limited Housing Options
      63%
      of existing housing units are single family.
      SOURCE: CLARITAS 2008
    • 30. Where will people live?
      OPPORTUNITY:
      Invest in existing strong housing stock and create a diversity of housing options.
      Capitalize on existing housing demand and areas of density to provide a diverse array of housing options.
    • 31. Where will people live?
      Increasing Demand and New Development
      HAA IMAGE
      HAA IMAGE
      Broderick Tower
      $50m Renovation to provide 127 new units
      Lofts at The Garfield
      90% of 56 units occupied
    • 32. Where will people live?
      Diverse, Thriving Neighborhoods Providing Safe, Healthy Environments for All
      HAA IMAGE
      SWEET JUNIPER IMAGE
      HAA IMAGE
      HAA IMAGE
    • 33. WHERE WILL PEOPLE WORK?
    • 34. Where will people work?
      Historically High Unemployment Rate
      As of August 2010
      24.3%
      14.4%
      9.5%
      SOURCE: BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, ICIC ANALYSIS
    • 35. Where will people work?
      Sprawling Regional Employment Centers
      38%
      Only 38% of Detroiters work in the city.
      SOURCE: DETROIT COLLABORATIVE DESIGN CENTER, 2010; GLAESER, 2001; US CENSUS 2000
    • 36. Where will people work?
      Regional Employment Projections (2010 – 2030)
      11%
      % GROWTH
      TOTAL JOBS
      1990
      93,500
      95,500
      35,000
      87,500
      13,800
      60,000
      48,000
      45,000
      36,800
      TOTAL JOBS
      2000
      80,000
      101,200
      62,000
      76,000
      20,000
      66,800
      46,000
      40,000
      32,000
      DETROIT CBD
      BIRMINGHAMPONTIAC
      STERLING
      SOUTHFIELD CITY
      DEARBORN CBD
      ANN ARBOR
      LIVONIA
      BRIGHTON
      -15.0
      +5.0
      +77.0
      -13.0
      +44.0
      +12.0
      -4.0
      -13.0
      -15.0
      By 2030, Detroit is projected to have only 11% of the region’s jobs, compared to 14% currently.
      SOURCE: SEMCOG 2030 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FORECAST (RDF) COMMUNITY DETAIL REPORT
    • 37. Where will people work?
      OPPORTUNITY:
      Reposition the city of Detroit as a major job center and put Detroiters back to work.
      Leverage existing market strengths, available land, and our entrepreneurial spirit to provide job opportunities for all Detroiters.
    • 38. Where will people work?
      Freight & Logistics: “Global Detroit” – Gateway to the Midwest and Beyond
      1
      #
      Detroit is the largest
      US-Canadian Port
      for Value of Freight.
      SOURCE: SEMCOG, 2010 & US DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
    • 39. Where will people work?
      Opportunities to Reuse Publicly Owned Land
      42,300
      Publicly owned vacant parcels.
      SOURCE: INTERFACE STUDIO INDUSTRIAL LAND SURVEY, 2010
    • 40. HOW WILL PEOPLE MOVE?
    • 41. How will people move?
      Detroit’s Transportation Network is Dominated by the Car
      8%
      Drive alone
      69%
      X
      Only 8% of Detroit residents use public transit
      Carpool
      / Vanpool
      Public
      Transportation
      Other
      Means
      Work
      at home
      Walk
      Detroit Transportation Modes Breakdown (Ages 16+)
      For those traveling to work
      SOURCE: SEMCOG COMMUNITY PROFILES
    • 42. How will people move?
      Access to Private Vehicles
      33%
      of households do not have access to a private vehicle.
      SOURCE: CLARITAS 2008, P&DD 2009
    • 43. How will people move?
      Public Transit Fiscal Position (DDOT)
      $140m
      yearly average DDOT revenue shortfall over the last 8 years.
      Revenues from sales and charges has remained largely constant despite and increase in ridership.
      SOURCE: 1. MCKINSEY, DDOT DIAGNOSTICS, AUGUST 2010. 2. DDOT MEETING, OCTOBER 2010, 3. CITY OF DETROIT BUDGETS
    • 44. How will people move?
      OPPORTUNITY:
      Develop attractive, reliable and equitable transportation options for all Detroiters.
    • 45. How will people move?
      Functional, Well-planned Public Transportation Systems
      $425m
      committed to
      Woodward Light Rail.
      M1 WOODWARD LIGHT RAIL / RENDERING COURTESY HOK
    • 46. How will people move?
      Walkable Communities for All Residents
      400
      INDYCULTURALTRAIL.ORG IMAGE
      planned miles for a new bikeway system.
      NEIGHBORHOODS.ORG IMAGE
      CITY OF DETROIT NON-MOTORIZED URBAN
      TRANSPORTATION MASTER PLAN, 2006
      HAA IMAGE
      HAA IMAGE
      HAA IMAGE
    • 47. WHAT SERVICES WILL PEOPLE NEED?
    • 48. What services will people need?
      Public Services Cost Comparison with Other Cities
      FY11 Spend per capita
      $ thousands per capita
      $9m
      DETROIT
      Pittsburgh
      St Louis
      Cleveland
      Lansing
      Detroit will spend over $9 million per square mile to provide city services in 2011.
      San Jose
      Houston
      San Diego
      Austin
      Dallas
      Phoenix
      Flint
      9.0
      8.0
      7.0
      6.0
      5.0
      4.0
      3.0
      2.0
      1.0
      0
      SOURCE: CITY BUDGETS
      FY11 Spend per square mile
      $ millions per square mile
    • 49. What services will people need?
      Infrastructure Revenues
      $1.5b
      investment shortfall
      POPULATION
      INFRASTRUCTURE REINVESTMENT
      REVENUE
      SOURCE: SEMCOG, 2010
    • 50. What services will people need?
      Educational Struggle
      10%
      of all Detroit schools (K-12) perform above the state average.
      SOURCE: EXCELLENT SCHOOLS DETROIT, 2010 SCHOOL REPORT CARD
    • 51. What services will people need?
      Health and Wellness Challenges
      48%
      X
      Death from heart disease in Detroit is 48% higher than the national average.
      SOURCE: 2007 MICHIGAN RESIDENT DEATH FILE, DIVISION OF VITAL RECORDS & HEALTH STATISTICS, MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH, 3.1
    • 52. What services will people need?
      OPPORTUNITY:
      Enhance quality of service delivery and provide access to amenities.
      By capitalizing on current City initiatives, and more efficiently delivering vital services, we can shape a better quality of life for all Detroiters.
    • 53. What services will people need?
      Efficient Neighborhood Densities
      Build on areas of existing density to provide
      MINNEAPOLIS
      2.8
      more efficient delivery of services
      4.7
      PORTLAND
      LOS ANGELES
      16
      8.7
      Infrastructure / Service
      Efficiency Threshold
      9
      DETROIT
      25
      CHICAGO
      RESIDENTS PER ACRE
      81
      MANHATTAN
    • 54. What services will people need?
      Reducing Crime Rates
      15%
      decrease in the number of homicides over the last year.
      26 %
      decrease since 2006.
      SOURCE: KRISTI TANNER-WHITE AND MARTHA THIERRY / DETROIT FREE PRESS
    • 55. What services will people need?
      Greater Access to Healthy Foods and Exercise
      15
      In 2010, the Green Grocer Project aimed to help 15 Detroit grocery stores with financing or
      technical issues.
      AECOM IMAGE
      SEED WAYNE IMAGE
      DEGC IMAGE
      URBANFARMING.ORG IMAGE
      CITY OF DETROIT NON-MOTORIZED URBAN TRANSPORTATION MASTER PLAN, 2006
    • 56. HOW WILL WE INVEST?
    • 57. How will we invest?
      Investment Spread Across City
      $89 M
      in Neighborhood Stabilization Program investment .
      SOURCE: DETROIT, NSP1, NSP 2, NDNI, P&DD
    • 58. How will we invest?
      Investment Spread Across City
      121
      X
      SQUARE MILES
      of the City is a target area for investment.
      SOURCE: DETROIT, NSP1, NSP 2, NDNI, P&DD
    • 59. How will we invest?
      OPPORTUNITY:
      Achieve greater impact from public, private and philanthropic investments.
    • 60. How will we invest?
      Confronting Immediate Challenges
      10,000
      vacant homes to be torn down in Mayor Bing’s first term.
      BUCKSHOTJONES IMAGE, FLICKR (CREATIVE COMMONS)
      BUCKSHOTJONES IMAGE, FLICKR (CREATIVE COMMONS)
    • 61. How will we invest?
      Addressing Unique Needs of Each Type of Neighborhood
      4
      1
      2
      1
      3
      2
      ALL IMAGES COURTESY OF HAA
      3
      4
    • 62. How will we invest?
      Creating an Inspirational, Vibrant City
      MOTOR CITY MAKEOVER IMAGE
      SUMMER IN THE CITY IMAGE
      DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION IMAGE
      RETINA IMAGE, GIZMAG.COM
      GIRL IN THE D IMAGE
    • 63. NEXT STEPS
    • 64. SUMMARY NEXT STEPS
      Complete current series of meetings
      Take feedback to inform the next round of meetings and work:
      • Topic meetings
      • 65. Geographic meetings
      • 66. Neighborhood analysis
      • 67. Development of planning scenarios
    • ONLINE SURVEY
      Please share your thoughts about Detroit’s future! Click on the link below (or paste it into your browser) to take an online survey:
      www.detroitworksproject.com/survey

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