Freedom of Information and the European Convention of Human Rights The case Társaság a Szabadságjogokért vs. Hungary   Tiv...
Article 10 <ul><li>„ Everyone has the the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinion...
Antecedent I – Strasbourg on the   right to information – Article 10 <ul><li>Gaskin vs. UK  (1989) and  Sirbu vs. Moldova ...
Antecedent  I I –  Strasbourg  on right to information – Article 10 <ul><li>Sdruzeni Jihoceské Matky vs. Czech   Republic ...
Antecedent I I I - Data request and procedure in Hungary <ul><li>- Petition by an MP with the Constitutional Court </li></...
Case of Társaság a Szabadságjogokért v. Hungary Apllication no. 37374/05, Judgment 14 April 2009   <ul><li>- To receive an...
ECHR’s decision – factual basis <ul><li>Three pillars of the judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Social watchdog (press)  </li></ul...
Claude Reyes v. Chile – American Court of Human Rights <ul><li>American Convention of Human Rights Article 13: „Everyone h...
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PL Tivadar Huttl, Hungarian Civil Liberties Union TASZ (Węgry): Prawo do informacji w orzecznictwie międzynarodowym/ ENG Tivadar Huttl, Hungarian Civil Liberties Union TASZ (Hungary), Strategical step toward the recognition of FOIA at the international

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Prezentacja wygłoszona podczas spotkania: Obywatele na rzecz otwartego, przejrzystego i rozliczalnego rządu – seminarium dyskusyjne dla strażników prawa do informacji w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej,
23-25 listopada 2011 http://www.informacjapubliczna.org.pl/46,608,miedzynarodowe_seminarium_dyskusyjne_o_staniu_na_strazy_prawa_do_informacji.html/

Presentation delivered at Citizens for transparent, accountable and open government 23-25 November 2011 http://www.informacjapubliczna.org.pl/38,609,citizens_for_transparent_accountable_and_open_government.html

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PL Tivadar Huttl, Hungarian Civil Liberties Union TASZ (Węgry): Prawo do informacji w orzecznictwie międzynarodowym/ ENG Tivadar Huttl, Hungarian Civil Liberties Union TASZ (Hungary), Strategical step toward the recognition of FOIA at the international

  1. 1. Freedom of Information and the European Convention of Human Rights The case Társaság a Szabadságjogokért vs. Hungary Tivadar Hüttl, HCLU, November 2011.
  2. 2. Article 10 <ul><li>„ Everyone has the the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authorities and regardless frontiers….” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Antecedent I – Strasbourg on the right to information – Article 10 <ul><li>Gaskin vs. UK (1989) and Sirbu vs. Moldova (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>„ (F)reedom to receive information basically proh i bits a government from restricting a person from receiving information that others wish or may be willing to impart to him. That freedom cannot be construed as imposing on the state (….) positive obligation to collect and disseminate information of its own motion.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Antecedent I I – Strasbourg on right to information – Article 10 <ul><li>Sdruzeni Jihoceské Matky vs. Czech Republic : </li></ul><ul><li>- Interference by the Czech authorities: recognition of the application of Article 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Data requested: plans on a nuclear plant -> technical information did not reflect on a matter of public interest </li></ul><ul><li>„ under present circumstances as those of the present case ” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Antecedent I I I - Data request and procedure in Hungary <ul><li>- Petition by an MP with the Constitutional Court </li></ul><ul><li>Cassation of drug related offence in the Criminal Code </li></ul><ul><li>FOI case lost at the Supreme Court </li></ul>
  6. 6. Case of Társaság a Szabadságjogokért v. Hungary Apllication no. 37374/05, Judgment 14 April 2009 <ul><li>- To receive and impart information is a precondition of freedom of expression </li></ul><ul><li>- Constitutional Court – censorial power on an information monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>- Governments have an obligation “not to impede the flow of information” </li></ul>
  7. 7. ECHR’s decision – factual basis <ul><li>Three pillars of the judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Social watchdog (press) </li></ul><ul><li>Public debate on matters of legitimate public </li></ul><ul><li>Sphere of politics – public figures </li></ul>
  8. 8. Claude Reyes v. Chile – American Court of Human Rights <ul><li>American Convention of Human Rights Article 13: „Everyone has the right to freedom of thought and expression. This right includes freedom to seek , receive and impart information of all kinds, regardless frontiers….” </li></ul><ul><li>Presumption being that all state-held information should be public, subject to limited exceptions </li></ul>

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