CSS: The Boring Bits


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My talk at London Web Standards on 12th March 2012. Looking at new and (possible) future features of the less glamorous areas of the CSS spec.

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CSS: The Boring Bits

  1. Peter Gasston@StopsAtGreen
  2. CSS3: XThe boring bits.
  3. Boring things* The Matrix RevolutionsThe Lord of the Rings films Coldplay Apple vs Android *Removed images of dubious provenance
  4. Exciting CSS
  5. Filters.foo { filter: grayscale(1); }.bar { filter: sepia(0.5); }
  6. cross-fade()background-image: cross-fade( url(foo.png), url(bar.png), 50%);
  7. An interesting paradox:The more boring a CSS feature is, themore excited I get when someone does something cool with it.
  8. Backgrounds & Borders http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css4-background/
  9. background-position: h n v n; background-position: right 20px bottom 10%;Four values allows more flexible placing of background images.
  10. border-corner-shape: foo;border-corner-shape: bevel;
  11. border-clip: [x y]; border-clip: [visible invisible]; border-clip: 10px 1fr 10px;Custom border shapes; clip the border to show the areas you want.
  12. Namespaces@namespace "http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml";@namespace svg "http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"; http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-namespace/
  13. a { color: #F00; }svg|a { color: #00F; }
  14. unicode-range@font-face { font-family: foo; src: url(foo.woff); unicode-range: U+31-33;} http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-fonts/#unicode-range-desc
  15. Device Adaptation<meta name="viewport" content="width=320"> http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-device-adapt/
  16. @viewport { width: 320px; }
  17. @viewport { foo: bar;}@media screen and (max-width:320px) { @viewport { foo: baz; }}
  18. Values http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-values/
  19. rem body { font-size: 10px; } h1 { font-size: 2.4em; } h1 span { font-size: 0.9167em; } h1 span { font-size: 2.2rem; }The rem unit is always relative to the root font-size, not that of its parent as em is.
  20. 100vw vh, vw, vmin div { width: 25vw; }vh = viewport height, vw = viewport width, vmin = either vh or vw, whichever is smaller. It’sa length measure that’s relative to the viewport, not the parent.
  21. attr() attr(title) attr(data-color color)The attr() value will now accept more than strings, as it currently does. You can specify thetype to be color, url, number, and more.
  22. div::before { content: foo; } div { content: replaced foo; }It’s proposed that you be able to replace content in any element, rather than just ::afteror ::before.
  23. calc()width: calc(75% - 20px)
  24. cycle() em { font-style: cycle(italic,normal); }Will cycle through the values depending on inherited values. For example, em will be havefont-style: italic if its parent is normal, or normal if its parent is italic.
  25. Selectors http://dev.w3.org/csswg/selectors4/
  26. :target e { color: #F00; } e:target { color: #00F; }:target is applied to an internal link which the user has followed; e.g. <a href=”#foo”>
  27. :dir() e:dir(rtl) {}Used for internationalised sites; rtl, ltr.
  28. :not()e:not(.foo) {}
  29. :nth-*:nth-child(odd):not(:last-child)
  30. :matches().foo .bar h1, .foo .bar h2, .foo .bar h3 {}.foo .bar :matches(h1,h2,h3) {}
  31. :link, :visited :any-link :local-link:any-link means any link, regardless of its visited state; :local-link is for links on the samedomain.
  32. :column() :nth-column() :nth-last-column()Applied to, for example, tables. Will possible work for grid layouts too.
  33. :past :current :futureSelectors based on temporal position, such as combined with audio, video, screen readers.
  34. E /x/ F label:hover /for/ inputA bit complicated this; the x value is an attribute of E which is equal to the id value of F. Bestexample is <label for=”foo”> <input id=”foo”>
  35. $E > FThe parent selector!!! The element E has styles applied if it contains element F.
  36. :root { data-foo: #F00;} h1 { color: data(foo);} http://dev.w3.org/csswg/css-variables/CSS Variables. Uses the data- pattern from the HTML5 data attributes. Scoped by applying toelements.
  37. Boring = Exciting
  38. Still available.Still not boring. http://thebookofcss3.com